Shehu Musa Yar'Adua

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Shehu Musa Yar'Adua
Shehu Musa Yar'adua Center 06.jpg
mataimakin shugaban ƙasar Najeriya

13 ga Faburairu, 1976 - 30 Satumba 1979
Olusegun Obasanjo - Alex Ifeanyichukwu Ekwueme
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Katsina, 5 ga Maris, 1943
ƙasa Najeriya
Mutuwa 8 Disamba 1997
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Musa Yar'Adua
Yara
Ahali Umaru Musa Yar'Adua
Karatu
Makaranta Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Hausa
Pidgin na Najeriya
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa da ɗan kasuwa
Digiri Janar
Rigar shehu musa yar'adua
rigar Shehu Musa yaradua
mai girma shehu Musa Ƴar'aduwa

Shehu Musa Yar'Adua (Maris 5, 1943 - 8 ga watan Disamba shekara ta 1997) wani manjo janar ne na sojan Najeriya mai ritaya wanda ya yi aiki a matsayin Shugaban sojin najeriya a matakin koli, a karkashin mulkin Janar Olusegun Obasanjo na shekarar 1976 - 1979,shehu musa yar'adua yakasance a mulkinsa [1] Dan asalin jahar katsina mai hazaka da sanin ya kamata.

Farkon rayuwa da ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Janar Shehu ‘Yar’adua, Tafidan Katsina ne a cikin Katsina, yana da dangantaka ta jini da Fulani. Mahaifinsa, Musa Yar'Adua, malami ne wanda ya zama Ministan Harkokin Legas daga shekarar 1957 zuwa shekarar 1966[2] a lokacin Jamhuriya ta farko ta Najeriya. Mahaifinsa ya rike sarautar gargajiya ta Tafidan Katsina daga bisani aka nada shi Matawallen Katsina (mai adana baitulmali). Kakan Yar’Adua, Mallam Umaru, shi ma yayi sarautar Matawallen Katsina, Kakarsa ta wajen uba Malama Binta yaruwar Sarkin Katsina Muhammadu Dikko ce, ƙanin sa, Umaru Yar’Adua, shima ya rike sarautar Matawallen Katsina ya kuma zama Shugaban tarayyar Najeriya a shekarar ta 2007. Masarautar Katsina ta nada dansa Murtala Yar'adua a matsayin Tafidan Katsina da Kaninsa Abdulazeez Yar'adua a matsayin Matawallen Katsina.[3]

Yar'Adua ya halarci makarantar sakandaren Katsina na sakiya a matakin karatu, sannan makarantar sakandaren Katsina (yanzu kwalejin gwamnatin Katsina) don karatun sakandare; a makarantar sakandire, yana aji tare da shugaban Najeriya Muhammadu Buhari na yanzu. A kokarin mahaifinsa da abokin mahaifinsa, ministan tsaro Muhammadu Ribadu, Yar'Adua ya ci jarrabawar shiga Kwalejin horar da Sojojin Najeriya . [4] Ya ci jarabawa ne aka sa shi cikin sojoji a shekarar 1962 ya zama wani bangare na 5 na makarantar horar da sojojin Najeriya. An kara tura Yar'Adua ƙarin horo a Royal Military Academy Sandhurst a Sandhurst, Ingila.

Aikin soja[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekarar 1964, bayan da ya dawo daga Sandhurst, aka tura Yar'Adua ga rundunar sojojin Najeriya na farko a Enugu karkashin umarnin Col Adekunle Fajuyi a matsayin mukaddashin shugaba na biyu. Daga shekarar 1964 har zuwa karshen yakin basasa na Najeriya, ya rike mukamai daban-daban ciki har da kwamandan platoon a shekarar 1964, sannan daga shekarar 1965 zuwa shekarar 1966 na farko a Bataliya ta farko a Enugu. Ya kasance kwamandan bataliya a shekarar 1967, kuma a cikin shekarar 1968 ya zama Kwamandan Soja. A lokacin yaƙin basasa, ya ba da umarni ga rundunar sojojin bataliya ta 6 karkashin jagorancin Murtala Mohammed, kwamandan rukunin na biyu.[5]

A watan Oktoba ne na shekarar 1967, an baiwa Yar'Adua alhakin kama Onitsha [6] bayan wasu rashinkokarin da rundunan sojojin Najeriya suka yi har sau biyu.

Yar'Adua ya zama Laftana kanal a shekarar 1972. A shekarar 1975, ya kasance mai taka rawan gani a cikin juyin mulkin da akayi wa Yakubu Gowon a matsayin Shugaban Kasar Najeriya. [7] Bayan nasarar juyin mulkin, ya yi aiki a matsayin Ministan Sufuri a gwamnatin Janar Murtala Mohammad. Kamar yadda Ministan sufuri babban aikinsa shi ne lalata tashar jiragen ruwa ta Legas . Kafin juyin mulkin, jami’an gwamnatin da suka gabata sun ba da umarnin tan miliyan 16 na sumunti don gina shingen sojoji a cikin kasar. Kewaya, wuraren kula da tashar ba su da kyau. Tasirin hada-hadar kudade ya kara zama abin birgewa saboda gwamnatin Najeriya ta zartar da biyan kudin alakar da masu jigilar kaya ke fitarwa. Gwamnatin Mohammed ta yanke shawarar tura wasu daga cikin jigilar kayayyaki zuwa tashar jiragen ruwa na makwabta tare da gabatar da kamfanonin sarrafa siminti don sharewa da sayar da siminti da gina sabon tashar jirgin ruwa ta Can Can . [8]

Shugaban Ma’aikata, Shugaban Ma’aikata[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekarar 1976, Yar'Adua ya zama babban Shugaban Ma’aikata, Babban Shugabanci, bayan kisan Murtala Mohammed a wani juyin mulki da ya kauda Murtala. An sanya ofishin sa ya zama a matsayin mai kula da ayyukan Operation Feed the Nation, manufar noma mai dogaro da kai na sabuwar gwamnatin Obasanjo . Operation Feed the Nation, wanda aka fi sani da OFN, wani yunƙuri ne na haɓaka samar da kayan gona a cikin gida, musammam amfanin gona kamar Shinkafa da alkama, don haɓaka wadatar albarkatun abinci da rage ƙarancin abinci. Hanyoyin da aka yi amfani da su don inganta manufar sun hada da rarraba takaddun takin zamani da iri ga manoma, rance ga ƙananan manoma domin ba su damar siyan kayan aiki, da kuma shirin kula da ilimi wanda Corpers ke koyawa, don koyar da manoma makiyaya yadda ake amfani da kayan aikin gona na zamani. kayan aiki. ya zuwa shekara ta 1979 manufofin basu cimma burin sa na dogaro da kai ba. [9]

Yar'Adua ya kuma jagoranci kokarin kwamitin kolin soja kan sake fasalin ƙananan hukumomi wanda ya kai ga gudanar da zabukan ƙananan hukumomi a shekarar 1976. Sauye-sauyen da aka samu daga karamar hukuma sun cire sarakunan gargajiya daga wasu batutuwan gudanar da mulki da iyakance ikonsu game da hakkin mallaka. Gyare-gyaren sun kuma ba da izini ga karamar hukumar a matsayin rukuni na uku na ikon gwamnati.

Aikin siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shugaba Babangida ya fara shirin mika mulki na siyasa ne a shekarar 1987 tare da kafa Ofishin Siyasa, kuma daga baya aka gabatar da Majalisar Zartarwa don yin niyya kan wani daftarin kundin tsarin mulki. Kodayake Yar'Adua ba memba bane a majalisar, amma kuma doka ta bama wasu tsoffin 'yan siyasa dama da suyi ayyukan siyasa, abokan aikin sa wadanda suka wakilci jindadin siyasarsa a wurin taron kuma ya kasance mai himma wajen kafa kungiyoyin siyasa a lokacin canji, [10] Yar'Adua da tawagarsa sun kafa kungiyar Jama'a ta Najeriya. [11] Membobin sun hada da Babagana Kingibe, Atiku Abubakar, Bola Tinubu, Magaji Abdullahi, Ango Abdullahi, Ahmadu Rufa'i, Yahaya Kwande, Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, Wada Abubakar, Babalola Borishade, Sabo Bakin Zuwo, Sunday Afolabi, Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso, MSBuhari Chief Gbazueagu N .Gbazueagu, Tony Anenih, Disu Oladipo, Haliru Kafur, Abubakar Koko, Sergeant Awuse, Titi Ajanaku, da Farouk Abdulazeez. Daga baya ƙungiyar ta hada kai da wasu ƙungiyoyi don kafa kungiyar Social Democratic Party of Nigeria. Ƙungiyar front da PSP, sun zama ƙungiyoyi biyu masu ƙarfi a cikin SDP. Koyaya, ƙungiyar 'Yar'aduwa tana da tsari sosai kuma yana iya cin nasarar yawancin zaɓaɓɓun mukamai a cikin SDP. [12] Lokacin gudanar da zaben gwamnoni da majalisar wakilai, SDP tana da karancin lamba akan NRC .

A watan Janairun shekarar 1992, Yar'Adua an daure shi a kurkuku, an daure shi saboda ya karya dokar hana wasu mutane shiga siyasa mai karfi. Ko ta yaya, an soke dokar sannan daga baya Yar'Adua ya sanar da takarar sa ta shugaban kasa. Tsarin siyasarsa na yakin neman zabe ya mamaye kasar; Yana da daraktocin kamfen na kasa, kuma kowace jiha tana da mai gudanar da kamfen dinta da kuma masu aikin yaki neman zabe. Wakilan rukunin kamfen dinsa sun hada da tsohon shugaban jam’iyyar PDP Anthony Anenih, tsohon mataimakin shugaban ƙasa Atiku Abubakar, tsohon minista Dapo Sarumi, Bola Tinubu, Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila da kuma Sunday Afolabi . Yar'Adua ne ke jagorantar SDP kafin a soke sakamakon. Daga baya aka gudanar da sabon zaben a ranar 12 ga watan Yuni, shekarar 1993 wanda MKO Abiola ya lashe. Bayan da aka soke zaben 12 ga watan Yuni, kungiyar 'Yar'aduwa ta yi shawarwari game da batun kafa gwamnatin rikon kwarya. A watan Nuwamban shekarar 1993, aka hambarar da gwamnatin rikon-kwaryar Ernest Shonekan sannan Sani Abacha ya zama sabon Shugaban Sojan Sama.

A shekarar 1994, Yar'Adua ya samu kujerar wakilci a Katsina zuwa sabon taron Kundin Tsarin Mulki na kasa. Ya kasance wakili ne na waje kuma a farkon shekarar, 1994 ya shirya taron siyasa a ofishin kungiyar 'Yan Jaridu ta Najeriya da ke Legas wanda ya jawo hankalin shugabannin mulkin soja wadanda suka tsare shi tsawon kwanaki hudu.[13]

wurin taron da aka sanya sunan shehu Yaradua don tunawa da shi

An kama ‘Yar’Adua, Obasanjo, Lawan Gwadabe da sauransu a cikin watan Maris shekarar 1995 bisa zargin su da shirya makarkashiyar juyin mulki don kifar da gwamnatin Abacha . Kotun soja ta yanke masa hukuncin kisa a shekarar 1995, bayan da ya yi kira ga gwamnatin mulkin sojan Najeriya ta Gen. Sani Abacha da majalissar zartarwar sa ta musamman don maido da mulkin farar hula . An yanke masa hukuncin rayuwa a gidan kurkuku, amma ya mutu a ranar talata ranar 8 ga watan Disamba shekarar 1997.[14]

Rayuwasa da kasuwancisa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shehu Yar'adua ya auri Hajiya Binta a shekarar 1965, kuma suna da yara biyar, cikinsu har da Murtala Yar'Aduwa, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Najeriya.[15]

Arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babban wurin taro a Abuja da aka sanya sunan shehu Yaradua don tunawa da shi

Bayan ya yi ritaya daga aikin soja, ya kafa wani kamfani mai riƙe da suna Hamada Holdings. Ya kasance wani mai saka jarine a Nijeriya reshen bankin Habib Bank . Ya kuma fara buga gidan da ake kira da Nation House Press, sannan ya buga wata gidan jarida yau da kullun wacce ake kira da suna Reporter .

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.rienner.com/title/Shehu_Musa_Yar_Adua_A_Biography
  2. Bayode Ogunmupe (2011). Nigerian Politics in the Age of Yar'Adua. Strategic Insight Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 9781908064011.
  3. Farris, J. W, & Bomoi, M. (2004). Shehu Musa Yar'Adua: a life of service. Abuja, Nigeria: Shehu Musa Yar'Adua Foundation. p27
  4. Farris, J. W, & Bomoi, M. (2004). Shehu Musa Yar'Adua: a life of service. Abuja, Nigeria: Shehu Musa Yar'Adua Foundation. p27
  5. Europa Publications (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Europa Publications. p. 1851. ISBN 9781857432176.
  6. http://newswirengr.com/2014/06/01/cheta-nwanze-chronology-of-the-nigerian-civil-war-biafra/#
  7. Siollun, p. 176-180.
  8. Farris, p. 102-103.
  9. E.O. Arua. "Achieving food sufficiency in Nigeria through the operation 'feed the nation' programme". Agricultural Administration Volume 9, Issue 2, February 1982, Pages 91–101
  10. Larry Diamond, 1997, p. 173
  11. Larry Diamond, 1997, p. 173
  12. Marcus G. Ajibade. Shehu Musa Yar'adua: The Recurring Decimal in Contemporary Politics, p8. 1999
  13. Siollun, p. 176-180.
  14. Farris, p. 102-103.
  15. "Mallam Murtala Yar'Adua". yaraduafoundation.org. Retrieved 2020-10-30.

Karin karatu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Shehu Musa Yar'Adua: Rayuwa ta Sabis (Lynne Rienner Pub., 2004).   ISBN   978-8069-36-3
  • Najeriya a Biyar ta Biyar: Taimakawa don samar da zaman lafiya, Dimokiradiyya & Ci gaban Kasa (Attahiru M. Jega & Jacqueline W. Farris, 2010).   ISBN   978-978-907-7823
  • Babu Arewa ko Kudu, Gabas ko Yamma: Oneaya daga cikin (an Najeriya (Jacqueline W. Farris wanda Mustapha Bulama ya baiyana, 2011).   ISBN   978-978-50349-7-4

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]