Katsina (birni)

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Globe icon.svgKatsina
The view from peak of Gobarau Minaret.jpg

Wuri
Locator Map Katsina-Nigeria.png
 12°59′20″N 7°36′03″E / 12.9889°N 7.6008°E / 12.9889; 7.6008
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaNajeriya
Jerin jihohi a NijeriyaJihar Katsina
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 318,459 (2006)
• Yawan mutane 2,242.67 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 142 km²
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1987
Tsarin Siyasa
Majalisar zartarwa supervisory councillors of Katsina local government (en) Fassara
Gangar majalisa Katsina legislative council (en) Fassara
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Gobarau

Katsina, shine Babban birnin Jihar Katsina, kuma ƙaramar hukuma ce a Jihar ta Katsina.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tarihi ya nuna a arewacin Najeria Katsina da Kano sun kafu shekaru 1000 bayan fakuwar Annabi Isa (AS).[1] hakan yasa Katsina tana ɗaya daga cikin garuruwa masu daɗaɗɗen tarihi, kuma tana da ƙofofi da akayi su saboda garin zagaye yake da katanga wato ganuwa[2]. Katsina birni ne, da ke a Jihar Katsina, a Nijeriya.[2] A wani tarihin kuma an nuna cewa wani mutum da aka kira Bayajidda ɗan sarkin Bagadaza ya kafa katsina dalilin zuwansa Daura kuma ya auri sarauniyar Daurama.[2]

Masarautar Katsina[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gidan korau

Gidan Korau watau "Katsina Royal Province" kayatacciyar masarautace wacce aka ginata a tsakiyar Birnin Katsina. Gidan Korau na daya daga cikin alamomi dake nuna tsawon tarihi da qwarewar al'adun kasar Hausa. Kamar yadda masana tarihi suka fada, an ginata ne a shekara ta Alif 1348 AD, lokacin sarki Muhammadu Korau, wanda shi ne sarki na farko a garin Katsina musulmi. Wannan shi ne dalilin da yasa ake kiran masarautar katsina da 'Gidan Korau'. Kuma tana daya daga cikin dadaddun masarautun kasar hausa, kamar su masarautar Daura, Kano da Zazzau. kuma an kewaye masarautar da ganuwa [[City wall]] 'Ganuwar Gidan Sarki' (Wanda a halin yanzu babu wannan ganuwan). Babar kofar da zata kai mutun zuwa fada ana kiranta 'Kofar Soro', kuma kofar bayan gidan sarki ana kiranta 'Kofar Bai' (yanzu babu wannan kofar). Gidan Sarkin yana cikin masarautar, wacce aka kawatata da gine-gine da kuma kayan al'adu dabab-daban.[3] Sarkin katsina na yanzu shi ne Alhaji Abdulmumini Kabir Usman.

Kidaya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a a shekarar 2006, akwai jimillar mutane 318,459 (dubu dari uku da sha takwas da dari huɗu da hamsin da tara a cikin kwaryar birnin Katsina).[4] An gina birnin Katsina a karni na sha huɗu.

Kofofi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tarihi ya nuna cewa a da akwai ƙofofi guda 9 a Birnin Katsina wanda suka hada da ƙofar ƙaura, durbi, ƴan ɗaka, sauri, Guga da ƙwaya, Marusa, Keke, Agulu, Waziri,Gazobi. Amman yanzu babu ƙofofin Keke, Agulu, Waziri da gazobi[5].

Kofar Kaura round about, Katsina

Kofar Kaura: Kofa ce dake tsakiyar Birnin Katsina wacce take da shatale tale mai tambarin ''kwarya da Ludayin fura da nono'' da kuma kofa wadda ke arewacin shataletalen kuma tana kan hanyar birnin Katsina zuwa Kano.[6]

Kofar Fadan Sarkin Katsina
kofar Kaura

Kofar Soro[7] koface mai dumbin tarihi tarihi wacce ke da tsofaffin unguwanni da gine-ginen tarihi musaman Gidan Sarkin Katsina da kuma tsibirin Gobarau wacce aka ginata a shekara ta "dubu daya da dari hudu da talatin da takwas (1438) a jahar katsina

Kofar Sauri[8]:

Kofar Durbi[5]:

Kofar Marusa[9]:

Kofar Kwaya[10]:


Alqalam university Logo.jpg
University Gate
Senate building

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Katsina tana daya daga cikin jihohin da sukafi kowa ilimin addini dana zamani a Nijeriya. Sannan suna cikin wanda suka fara amsar ilimin zamani lokacin turawan mulkin mallaka a Arewacin Nijeriya. sannan kuma akwai Katsina Teachers' College wacce aka ginata a Alif 1845. Sannan akwai jami'oi na zamani manya guda biyu, Umaru Musa Yar'adua University, da aka ginata a 2007 wanda shugaba Umaru Musa Yar'Adua ya gina, sai kuma Alqalam University waccce aka fi sani da Islamic University wacce itace Jami'ar musulunci ta farko a kasar Nijeriya.

Umyu First gate.jpg

Sannan akwai kolejin malamai ta Federal College of Education (FCE) da kuma Polytechnic wacce aka fi sani da Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic.

Sarakuna Fulani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tun kafuwar katsina har zuwa yanzu akwai gidajen sarauta huɗu a garin katsina, gidajen sune, Durbawa, Gidan korau, Gidan Dallazawa, da kuma gidan Sulluɓawa[11].

Sarakanan Fulanin katsina sun kasu gide biyu ne; Gidan Dallazawa da kuma Sullubawa[12].

DALLAZAWA SULLUƁAWA
Ummaru Dallage      1805 – 1835 Muhammad Dikko           1906 – 1944
Siddqu                         1835 – 1844 Usman Nagoggo                1944 - 1981
Muhammadu Bello   1844 – 1869 Muhammadu kabir usman 1981[13] -
Ahmad Rufa’i              1869 – 1870
Ibrahim                        1870 – 1882
Musa                             1882 – 1887
Abubakar                      1887 – 1904

Labarin Kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Birnin Katsina ta hada yanki da karamar hukumar Batagarawa daga kudu, Jibiya daga yamma, Kaita daga arewa, Mani daga kudu-maso-gabas

Kididdiga (Statistics)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A kasa akwai kididdiga na ruwan sama da na yanayi na birnin Katsina daga 1990 zuwa 2019.

Ruwan Sama[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A tebiri na kasa akwai kididdigar ruwan sama na birnin Katsina a tsakanin shekarata ta 1990 zuwa 2019.

Ruwan Sama a Jihar Katsina
S/N Code Shekara Junairu Febrelu March Aprelu Mayu Juni Juli Augusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba December
1. 65028 1990 0 0 0 0 29.9 57.9 198.8 220.2 34.7 0 0 0
2. 65028 1991 0 0 10.8 12.2 73.5 58.8 71.5 109.7 21.1 1.4 0 0
3. 65028 1992 0 0 0 0 33.6 19.9 89.3 119.4 70.7 0.2 0 0
4. 65028 1993 0 0 0 0 4.5 42.3 69 94.5 51.7 0 0 0
5. 65028 1994 0 0 0 3.1 12.3 42.3 107.9 174.2 113.1 20.3 0 0
6. 65028 1995 0 0 0 10 30 70 80 120 80 10 0 0
7. 65028 1996 0 0 0 0 42.6 44.5 38.1 66.8 67.8 0 0 0
8. 65028 1997 0 0 7.2 9.5 89.5 30.4 91.1 153.7 56.5 8.3 0 0
9. 65028 1998 0 0 0 10.1 11.4 43.4 114.1 116.6 135.2 0.8 0 0
10. 65028 1999 0 0 0 0 4.2 22.4 149.2 89.8 132.3 18.4 0 0
11. 65028 2000 0 0 0 0 1.6 106.8 299.9 160.2 62.1 45 0 0
12. 65028 2001 0 0 0 16.9 83.9 110.8 176 240.9 70.6 0 0 0
13. 65028 2002 0 0 0 0 2.9 141.3 170.4 71.3 199.1 9.8 0 0
14. 65028 2003 0 0 0 4 52.8 57.2 118.2 275.5 75.1 16.4 0 0
15. 65028 2004 0 0 0 0 74.9 151.2 161.1 268.8 42 0 0 0
16. 65028 2005 0 0 0 14.8 18.4 83.2 173.7 216.1 194 50.4 0 0
17. 65028 2006 0 0 0 0 26.1 69.9 170.9 314.9 129.7 15 0 0
18. 65028 2007 0 0 0 6.2 84.9 135.2 117.4 314.9 45.5 0 0 0
19. 65028 2008 0 0 0 16.6 8.5 63.3 182.9 213.9 67.7 4.2 0 0
20. 65028 2009 0 0 0 0 95 57.9 96.5 123.3 38.3 29 0 0
21. 65028 2010 0 0 0 85.6 8.1 118.8 226.1 448.9 76.6 48.6 0 0
22. 65028 2011 0 0 0 0 38 149.2 116.6 180.6 67.3 8 0 0
23. 65028 2012 0 0 0 0 59.5 135.2 117.4 314.9 129.7 15 0 0
24. 65028 2013 0 0 0 42.4 36.7 103.2 89 274.7 107.6 10.2 0 0
25. 65028 2014 0 0 0 0 38.1 39.5 178.9 178.7 46.3 0 0 0
26. 65028 2015 0 0 0 0 0 89.1 178.9 274.7 46.3 9 0 0
27. 65028 2016 0 0 0 0 4.5 42.3 69 94.5 59.5 0 0 0
28. 65028 2017 0 0 0 10.1 11.4 62 114.1 16.6 135.2 0.8 0 0
29. 65028 2018 0 0 0 0 2.9 141.3 170.4 149.7 199.1 63.8 0 0
30. 65028 2019 0 0 0 11.6 8.1 118.8 232.7 359.1 98.6 26.6 0 0

Source: NIMET, Katsina 2021.

Yanayi (Mafi Sanyi)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A tebur na kasa akwai bayanan lokuta mafi sanyi (wato lowest temperatures) na kowace wata tun daga shekara ta 1985 har zuwa shekara ta 2017.

S/N Code Shekara Junairu Febrelu March Aprelu Mayu Juni Juli Augusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba December
1. 65028 1985 16 14.7 22.6 24.2 26.7 24.4 22.2 22.2 22.6 21 17.5 14.7
2. 65028 1986 12.7 18 23.4 26.2 26.6 25.2 21.9 21.8 22.2 20.8 17.9 12.8
3. 65028 1987 13.1 16.7 21.4 22.3 25.2 24.9 23.9 22.6 23.6 22.5 17.5 14.5
4. 65028 1988 14.4 16.4 21.6 26.6 24.5 24.5 22.7 21.2 22.3 19.6 16.2 13.5
5. 65028 1989 11.1 13.8 18.9 23.1 25.1 24.4 22.2 21.7 22.8 20.6 15.8 13.8
6. 65028 1990 15.5 14.3 17 25.7 25.7 25.1 22.4 25.8 23.4 21 18.1 17.4
7. 65028 1991 13.7 18.9 21.7 25.5 24.5 24.4 16.2 12.6
8. 65028 1992 12.5 13.9 21.9 24.4 25.1 23.7 21.4 21.1 21.6 20.3 16.5 12.7
9. 65028 1993 11.3 15 19.7 22.7 24.9 23.1 21.1 20.7 21.1 20.5 17.5 12.5
10. 65028 1994 12.5 13.5 19.5 23.7 24.2 22.1 20 19.1 19.6 20.7 13.5 10.5
11. 65028 1995 11.2 13 19.1 22.7 23.5 22.2 20.5 19.4 19.7 19.8 14 12.4
12. 65028 1996 11.4 14.2 18.7 20.8 22.3 20.6 20 18.8 19 18.7 11.8 12.2
13. 65028 1997 14 14.1 21.1 24.7 24.6 24 22.9 22.3 23.1 23.5 18.9 14.2
14. 65028 1998 13.7 17.5 18.6 25.8 27.7 24.5 23.1 21.8 22.3 21.3 16.9 13.3
15. 65028 1999 12.6 16 20.2 23.1 24.7 24.1 20.8 20.4 20.7 19 15.1 11.3
16. 65028 2000 13 11.2 16.7 19 24.3 23.5 21 21 21.9 19.9 14.1 11
17. 65028 2001 20.2 12.6 16.5 23 24.6 23.2 22 21 21.9 19.7 14.6 12.8
18. 65028 2002 11.7 13.5 20 25.6 26 24 22.1 21.9 22.3 19.8 13.9 12.8
19. 65028 2003 16.5 18.6 24.4 24 23.6 23.5 22.2 22.1 22.5 19.9 14.5 12.5
20. 65028 2004 16 17.5 25 25 24.2 22 21 22 20 17 14.7 12.3
21 65028 2005 13.4 19.4 22 24 25.2 24.2 22.7 21.6 22.3 20 16.2 14
22 65028 2006 15 18.1 20 21.4 26 25 23.2 22 22.2 22 15 11.8
23. 65028 2007 12.8 13.6 18.3 22.7 24.4 23.8 21.5 20.3 20.5 17.6 13.3 10.7
24. 65028 2008 9.5 14.4 20 21.2 23.2 22.8 21.1 19.5 19.8 17.5 13.3 11.5
25. 65028 2009 11.1 14.2 19.2 23.4 24.2 22.4 22.4 21.1 21.1 21.5 14.6 13.6
26. 65028 2010 14.5 17 19.7 23.8 23.7 23.8 22 20.7 21.9 19.6 14.3 14.1
27. 65028 2011 13.3 17.9 17.5 22.3 24.7 23.8 20.6 20.5 21.2 21.2 16.1 12.2
28. 65028 2012 12.6 16.4 18.6 25.4 26.3 23.4 21.3 20.4 21.8 22.1 19.0 14.6
29. 65028 2013 14.3 15.8 22.1 23.4 24.3 22.7 21.9 21 22.3 20.9 18.3 15.9
30. 65028 2014 14.3 16.7 21.7 25.8 25.8 26.7 24.2 22.1 22.3 20.7 18.2 14.2
31. 65028 2015 12.3 18.1 20.8 22.2 26.6 24.8 22.7 22.3 23.3 17.6 13.3
32. 65028 2016 13.5 16.5 24.2 27.1 26.8 24.9 23.2 22.2 22 22.3 18.7 13.1
33. 65028 2017 13.4 16.4 19.9 25 27.1 24.8 23.1 22.4 23.1 19.9 16.6 15.4

Source: Nimet, Katsina State 2021.

Yanayi (Mafi Zafi)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A tebir dake kasa, akwai data na lokuta mafi zafi a kowacce wata tun daga shekarar 1885 har zuwa shekara ta 2017.

S/N Code Shekara Junairu Febrelu March Aprelu Mayu Juni Juli Augusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba December
1. 65028 1985 31.7 29.7 36.5 36.5 38.6 35.9 31.6 31.3 33.2 35.5 33.9 28.2
2. 65028 1986 38.9 34.7 37 40.2 39.2 37 31.5 31.4 32.2 35.4 33.3 37.4
3. 65028 1987 30.4 33.6 36 37.6 40.1 36.6 35.1 32.6 34.4 35.7 34.1 30.1
4. 65028 1988 28.4 32 36.7 39 39.2 35.3 31.9 29.5 31.9 34.3 33.7 28.5
5. 65028 1989 26 28.4 35.2 39.3 38.3 36.2 32.4 30.9 32.6 33.6 33.6 29.6
6. 65028 1990 32.2 30.1 33.5 39.9 38.1 36.7 31.7 31.4 33.9 36.7 35.5 34
7. 65028 1991 29.4 35.9 35.9 39 35.3 35.1 31 30.5 34.4 36.4 33.3 28.9
8. 65038 1992 29.1 30.1 36.4 39 36.5 35.6 31 30.3 32.4 35.7 31.5 30.2
9. 65028 1993 36.5 32.5 36.5 39.3 39.3 36.5 33.3 31.5 33.1 36.9 35.5 29.5
10. 65028 1994 29.5 31.6 38.2 38.7 38.9 35.4 31.8 29.5 31.4 34.1 32.3 27.4
11. 65028 1995 27.7 31 38.1 38.8 38.3 36.1 32.9 30.9 32.6 35.4 32.2 31.7
12. 65028 1996 32.1 34.8 37.6 39.3 38.3 34.5 33.6 30.3 32.3 35.3 31.2 31.8
13. 65028 1997 31.3 28.5 34.8 38.3 36.5 35.1 32.4 31.7 33.6 36.5 35.6 30.4
14. 65028 1998 29.4 33.5 33.9 40.2 39.3 35.6 32.1 30.8 31.6 34.9 34.9 30.6
15. 65028 1999 30.8 34 39 39.5 39.3 38.1 31.7 29.5 31.4 33.4 33.2 29.7
16. 65028 2000 31 28.6 35.2 40.5 39.6 35.3 31 31 32.9 33.8 33.8 29.6
17. 65028 2001 29.3 30.4 36.9 38 37.8 34.3 31.3 30 32 34.8 33.6 31.9
18. 65028 2002 26.3 31.6 37 39.8 40.8 36 32.5 31.1 32.2 32.4 33.8 31
19. 65028 2003 34.7 35.3 39.6 39.4 34.4 35.6 31.3 30.8 32.8 33.8 33.5 31.7
20. 65028 2004 32 29.9 40 39 36.5 32 30 33 36 34 33.9 31.9
21 65028 2005 13.4 19.4 22 24 25.2 24.2 22.7 21.6 22.3 20 16.2 14
22. 65028 2006 15 18.1 20 21.4 26 25 23.2 22 22.2 22 15 11.8
23. 65028 2007 12.8 13.6 18.3 22.7 24.4 23.8 21.5 20.3 20.5 17.6 13.3 10.7
24. 65028 2008 9.5 14.4 20 21.2 23.2 22.8 21.1 19.5 19.8 17.5 13.3 11.5
25. 65028 2009 11.1 14.2 19.2 23.4 24.2 22.4 22.4 21.1 22.1 21.5 14.6 13.6
26. 65028 2010 14.5 17 19.7 23.8 23.7 23.8 22 20.7 21.9 19.6 14.3 14.1
27. 65028 2011 13.3 17.9 17.5 22.3 24.7 23.8 20.6 20.5 21.2 21.2 16.1 12.2
28. 65028 2012 12.6 16.4 18.6 25.4 26.3 23.4 21.3 20.4 21.8 22.1 19.0 14.6
29. 65028 2013 30.7 34.3 39.8 37.8 38.8 35.6 32.5 29.9 32.8 34.9 34.9 31.1
30. 65028 2014 30.8 32.2 37.5 39.7 37.6 36.6 33.4 30.7 32.5 35.9 34.8 30.7
31. 65028 2015 28.2 35.1 36.1 37.5 40.3 37.4 33.4 33.1 32.5 35.9 33.3 36.1
32. 65028 2016 28.2 32.5 38.5 40.5 39 35.1 32.2 30.9 32.3 36.5 35.5 30.7
33. 65028 2017 27.8 31.6 37.5 39.5 39 34.7 31.9 31 32.9 35.7 34.1 30.2

Source: Nimet, Katsina State 2021.

Biblio[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. ISBN 978-135-051-2. OCLC 43147940.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.bbc.com/hausa/news/2010/09/100914_early_history_nigeria50
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.2. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  3. "KATSINA EMIRATE COUNCIL".. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  4. Katsina (State, Nigeria) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2021-03-31
  5. 5.0 5.1 Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.27. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  6. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.28. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  7. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.34. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  8. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.30. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  9. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.33. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  10. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.32. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  11. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.3. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  12. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.6. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  13. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.6-7. ISBN 978-135-051-2.