Hukumar Zaɓe mai zaman kanta ta ƙasa

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Group half.svgHukumar Zaɓe mai zaman kanta ta ƙasa
INEC Headquarter, Abuja.jpg
Bayanai
Iri election commission (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Najeriya
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1998

Hukumar Zaɓe Mai Zaman Kanta ta Kasa (INEC), wacce aka kafa a shekarar 1998, ita ce hukumar zaɓen da ke lura da zaɓe a Najeriya. Dukkan wasu abubuwan da suka shafi Zaɓe a ƙarƙashin ta suke. Kuma kamar yadda sunan ta yake ita hukuma ce mai zaman kanta

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dokoki da gudanar da zabe[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gudanar da zabubbukan dimokiraɗiyya a Najeriya ya samo asali ne tun daga lokacin samun 'Yancin kai lokacin da aka ƙaddamar da Hukumar Zabe ta Najeriya (ECN) a shekarar 1958 don gudanar da zaben tarayya na 1959. Kafin 1958, dokokin yanki da gwamnati suna tsarawa da gudanar da zaɓe. ECN ya kasance karkashin jagorancin wani bature, Ronald Edward Wraith da mambobin Najeriya huɗu dake wakiltar kowane yanki da Babban Birnin Tarayya na Legas. Hukumar Zabe ta Tarayya (FEC), wacce aka kafa a 1960 ta gudanar da zaɓukan tarayya da na yankuna kai tsaye bayan samun ‘yanci na 1964 da 1965. Kafin gudanar da zaben na 1964, Babban Jami’in Zabe, Kofo Abayomi ya yi murabus kuma wasu jami’an jam’iyyar daga NCNC da AC (Action Group) sun nuna shakku kan sahihancin zaben na gaskiya da adalci. An rusa hukumar zaben bayan juyin mulkin soja na 1966. A shekarar 1978, gwamnatin Janar Olusegun Obasanjo ta kafa Hukumar Zabe ta Tarayya (FEDECO), inda ta shirya zabukan shekarar 1979 wanda ya kawo Jamhuriya ta Biyu ta Nijeriya karkashin jagorancin Alhaji Shehu Shagari . Hakanan ta gudanar da babban zaben 1983.

A watan Disambar 1995, gwamnatin mulkin soja ta Janar Sani Abacha ta kafa Hukumar Zabe ta Kasa ta Najeriya wacce ta sake gudanar da wani zaben. Ba a ƙaddamar da waɗannan zaɓaɓɓun cibiyoyin ba kafin mutuwar Janar Abacha kwatsam a watan Yunin 1998 ya soke aikin. A 1998, Gwamnatin Janar Abdulsalam Abubakar ta rusa NECON ta kuma kafa Hukumar Zabe Mai Zaman Kanta ta Kasa (INEC). INEC ta shirya zabukan rikon-kwarya da suka haifar da Jamhuriya ta Hudu ta Nijeriya a ranar 29 ga Mayu, 1999.

A watan Janairun 2015, kungiyar " #BringBackOurGirls " ta yi kara game da shirin da Hukumar Zabe Mai Zaman Kanta ta Kasa (INEC) ke yi don ware Chibok da wasu al'ummomin da ke karkashin ikon Boko Haram a yanzu daga karbar katunan zabe na dindindin (PVCs) don zaben na Fabrairu . "

Shugabanci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shugaban Hukumar Zabe ta Tarayyar Najeriya ta farko shi ne Cif Eyo Esua (1964-1966) a Jamhuriya ta Farko . Lokacin da Janar Olusegun Obasanjo ya shirya domin komawa kan mulkin farar hula a Jamhuriya ta Biyu, ya kafa sabuwar Hukumar Zabe ta Tarayya karkashin jagorancin Cif Michael Ani don lura da zaben 1979. Mai shari’a Victor Ovie Whiskey ne ya maye gurbin Ani. A lokacin gwamnatocin Ibrahim Babangida da na Sani Abacha, wadanda suka yi yunkurin komawa kan turbar dimokiradiyya, Hukumar Zabe ta kasa a karkashin jagorancin Farfesa Eme Awa (1987-1989), Farfesa Humphrey Nwosu (1989–1993), Farfesa Okon Uya da Cif Sumner Dagogo- Jack (1994–1998).

INEC[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Janar Abdulsalami Abubakar ne ya kafa INEC ta yanzu, tare da Mai Shari’a Ephraim Akpata a matsayin shugaba. Akpata ya yi mu'amala da kungiyoyin siyasa 26, inda ya ba da rajista na wucin-gadi a matsayin jam'iyyun siyasa na zaben 1998/1999, daga karshe ya koma karkashin jam'iyyun uku. Duk da kokarin da aka yi na tabbatar da zabe cikin gaskiya da adalci, aikin ya jawo kakkausar suka daga masu sa ido na kasashen duniya. Bayan Akpata ya mutu a watan Janairun 2000, gwamnatin Shugaba Olusegun Obasanjo ta nada Abel Guobadia Babban Jami’in Zabe na Najeriya, matsayin da Majalisar Dattawan Najeriya ta tabbatar a watan Mayun 2000. Guobadia ce ke da alhakin zaɓen 2003, wanda rikice-rikice da yawa da wasu ɓarnatar suka yi lahani.

A watan Yunin 2005, Guobadia ya yi ritaya kuma Farfesa Maurice Iwu ya gaje shi. Jim kadan da nada shi, Iwu ya ba da sanarwar cewa ba za a bar masu sa ido na kasashen waje ba yayin zabuka, amma masu sa ido kan zaben na kasashen waje ne kawai. 'Yan siyasa da kungiyoyin farar hula sun yi Allah wadai da wannan shawarar wadanda suka yi kira da a cire shi nan take daga mukaminsa. Yadda aka gudanar da zaɓen 2007 an sake sukar shi da cewa ya faɗi ƙasa da ƙa'idodin dimokiraɗiyya.

A ranar 8 ga Yunin 2010, Shugaba Goodluck Jonathan ya zabi Farfesa Attahiru Muhammadu Jega a matsayin sabon Shugaban INEC, idan har Majalisar Dattawa ta tabbatar, a matsayin wanda zai maye gurbin Iwu, wanda ya bar mukamin a ranar 28 ga Afrilun 2010. Nadin Jega a matsayin shugaban INEC ya biyo bayan amincewa da taron Majalisar kasa da Shugaba Jonathan ya kira wanda ya samu halartar tsoffin shugabannin kasa Yakubu Gowon, Muhammadu Buhari, Ibrahim Babangida, Abdulsalami Abubakar, Ernest Shonekan, Olusegun Obasanjo da Shehu Shagari . Shugaban majalisar dattijai David Mark, kakakin majalisar wakilai Oladimeji Bankole, da mafi yawan gwamnonin jihohi suma sun halarci taron. Amincewar da majalissar da aka zaba ta yi wa wannan nadin ya kauce ma cece-kuce game da ko shugaban kasa ya kamata ya nada shugaban INEC. Martani game da sanarwar daga dimbin bangarorin shugabannin siyasa da kungiyoyi sun kasance masu kyau, kodayake wasu sun nuna damuwa cewa za a iya lattin aiwatar da gyare-gyare na ainihi kafin zaben 2011.

A lokacin yakin neman zaben babban zaben Najeriya na 2015, Attahiru Jega "ya fuskanci kakkausar suka daga bangaren adawa da jam'iyya mai mulki." Wa'adin mulkinsa na Attahiru Jega na shekaru biyar ya zo karshe ne a ranar 30 ga Yuni, 2015, kuma duk da cewa ya cancanci sake nadin, damar hakan ta yi nisa ganin yadda jami'an kamfen din Shugaba Goodluck suka nuna masa son kai. Shugaba Muhammadu Buhari ya nada Farfesa Mahmood Yakubu a matsayin Shugaban INEC, Farfesa Yakubu ya karbi aiki daga hannun Amina Bala-Zakari, wacce ke rikon mukamin shugaban bayan Jega ya tafi.

Rigingimu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hukumar zabe ta INEC ta gamu da rikice-rikice da dama a yayin da ake tunkarar zabuka a kasar, musamman zaben watan Afrilun 2007, gami da sukar yadda ta shirya daga Sada Abubakar, Sarkin Musulmi da kuma takaddama kan “rashin cancantar” Mataimakin. takarar shugaban kasa Atiku Abubakar. Kotun Koli ta yanke hukuncin cewa INEC ba za ta iya dakatar da ‘yan takara ba, don haka aka kara sunan Abubakar a kuri’un a mintin karshe.

Dangane da batun magudin zabe, kakakin hukumar INEC, Philip Umeadi ya ce a ranar 19 ga watan Afrilu cewa "Ba mu zauna kan wani rikici a Najeriya ba." . Manufar INEC ita ce ta kasance a matsayin EMB mai zaman kanta kuma mai tasiri wajen gudanar da zabe na gaskiya, kuma amintacce don dorewar dimokiradiyya a Najeriya. Hangen nesan INEC shine ya zama daya daga cikin ingantattun Hukumomin Gudanar da Zabe (EMB) a duniya wanda zai cika burin jama'ar Najeriya.

A cikin shirye-shiryen babban zaben 2015, INEC a karkashin Jega ta gabatar da na'urar tantance masu kada kuri'a domin tantance masu jefa kuri'a da katunan zabensu don rage aukuwar magudi da ƴan siyasa keyi. Gabatar na'urar zaɓe (card reader) yasa shugaban hukumar zaɓe (INEC) ya samu yabo daga ‘yan Najeriya da dama amma gungun wasu kananan jam’iyyun siyasa hudu wadanda suka yi ikirarin suna wakiltar jam’iyyun siyasa 15 sun yi tir da hakan kuma sun bukaci INEC da ta dakatar da amfani da na’urar tantance katin a zaben 2015. An yi babban zaben shekarar 2015 a matsayin mafi inganci, sahihi da adalci tun bayan dawowar mulkin dimokiradiyya a shekarar 1999.

An zargi INEC da yawan kura-kuran zabe a zaben shugaban kasa na 2019 da suka hada da karar takardun kada kuri’a, da kuma na'urar tantance masu zaɓe (card reader) cewa an saita aikinsu don yin maguɗin zaɓe da kuma soke kuri’u masu inganci. Babbar jam'iyyar adawa ta People's Democratic Party da dan takararta na shugaban kasa sun kalubalanci sakamakon zaben a kotu.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jerin kauyuka a Najeriya

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

1.  http://www.inecnigeria.org/


2. https://www.inecnigeria.org/home/inec-history/

3. https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/965355951


4. https://repository.law.miami.edu/umiclr/vol10/iss2/10


5. http://inecnigeria.org/index.php?cateid=9&contid=6


6. http://allafrica.com/stories/201501081376.html


7. http://www.thetidenewsonline.com/?p=9541


8. http://www.thenigerianvoice.com/nvnews/26106/1/electoral-commission-through-the-years.html


9. http://allafrica.com/stories/200906020075.html


10. http://www.cartercenter.org/documents/1152.pdf


11. https://web.archive.org/web/20081128123048/http://www.ifes.org/publication/d5cdd8094465e31baf096f4eba5d457c/Et9_1.pdf


12. https://www.hrw.org/node/12130


13. . http://allafrica.com/stories/200903310118.html


14. https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=9766502


15. http://allafrica.com/stories/201006090599.html


16. http://allafrica.com/stories/201006090006.html


17. http://allafrica.com/stories/201006100204.html?viewall=1


18. http://allafrica.com/stories/201503240735.html


19. https://www.vanguardngr.com/2015/03/tension-mounts-on-presidency-over-jega/


20. https://www.vanguardngr.com/2015/10/breaking-buhari-appoints-mahmood-yakubu-as-inec-chairman/


21. https://web.archive.org/web/20070929133625/http://www.angolapress-angop.ao/noticia-e.asp?ID=517493


22. http://www.independentngonline.com/?c=181&a=22921


23. http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=86&art_id=nw20070417132554618C925706


24. https://silverbirdtv.com/uncategorized/18312/4-political-parties-want-jega-fired-threaten-to-boycott-elections-over-card-readers/ Archived 2021-06-11 at the Wayback Machine


25. https://dailypost.ng/2015/06/21/the-use-of-card-readers-in-elections-has-come-to-stay-jega/

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]