Timbuktu

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Globe icon.svgTimbuktu
Tombouctou (fr)
تمبكتو (ar)
Timbuktu Mosque Sankore.jpg

Wuri
Niger saharan medieval trade routes.PNG
 16°46′24″N 2°59′58″W / 16.7733331°N 2.9994439°W / 16.7733331; -2.9994439
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaMali
Region of Mali (en) FassaraTombouctou Region (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Azawad (en) Fassara
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 35,330 (2012)
• Yawan mutane 238.89 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 14,789 ha
Altitude (en) Fassara 261 m
Bayanan tarihi
Muhimman sha'ani
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Masallacin Djingareiber, Timbuktu

Timbuktu birni ne, da ke a yankin Tombouctou, a ƙasar Mali yammacin Afirka. Jami'ar Sankore da sauran makarantun addinin musulunci ko madrasas suna cikin gari. Garin yana da mahimmanci ga tunani da kuma addini a ƙarni na 15 da 16. Yana da mahimmanci wajen yada addinin Musulunci ta hanyar Afirka a wancan lokacin. Akwai manyan masallatai guda uku: Djingareyber, Sankore da Sidi Yahya.Tunatarwa ne game da zamanin zinar Timbuktu. Kullum ana gyara su, amma ana musu barazana saboda hamada tana yaduwa. [1]

Mutanen Songhay, Abzinawa, Fulani, da na Mandé sune ke zaune a Timbuktu. Shi yana kilomita 15 arewa daa Kogin Neja . Akwai hanya ta hamadar Sahara daga gabas zuwa yamma kuma ana amfani da wannan don kasuwanci . Akwai wani daga arewa zuwa kudu . Waɗannan hanyoyi biyu sun haɗu a Timbuktu. Yana da wani entrepôt ga dutse gishiri daga Taoudenni . Wannan yana nufin cewa an kawo gishirin nan kuma a sayar wa wasu mutane su kai shi wani wuri, amma ba a biyan haraji .

Wurin ya taimaka mutane daban-daban sun haɗu, don haka mutanen gida, Abzinawa da Larabawa suka haɗu anan. Tana da dogon tarihi na cakuɗa kasuwancin Afirka, don haka ya zama sananne a Turai saboda wannan dalili. Saboda haka, mutanen yamma suna yawan tunanin Timbuktu a matsayin na musamman. Tana da yanayin hamada mai zafi ( BWh a cikin ƙirar yanayin Koeppen ).

Timbuktu ya ba Musulunci na duniya damar bincike da nazari. [2] An rubuta littattafai masu mahimmanci kuma an kwafa su a Timbuktu a cikin ƙarni na 14. Wannan ya sa garin ya zama cibiyar rubutu a Afirka.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Timbuktu — World Heritage (Unesco.org)
  2. Timbuktu. (2007). Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica.