Abin rufe fuska

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Samfurin abin rufe fuska

Abin Rufi Fuska a Lokacin kwa cutar Koronavirus (COVID-19) ta 2019-20

Shawarar Gwamnati

Sanye sanya fuskoki abin rufe yayin cutar sankara a shekara ta 2019-20 ta sami shawarwari daban-daban daga hukumomin kiwon lafiyar jama'a da gwamnatoci daban daban. Batun ya zama batun tattaunawa, tare da hukumomin kiwon lafiyar jama'a da gwamnatoci sun nuna rashin jituwa a kan yarjejeniya ta duniya don sanya masar fuska.

Dalili

Wasu daga cikin dalilan da suka sa jami'an kiwon lafiya na kasar Shin suka abin rufe fuska ko da tare da mutane masu koshin lafiya sun hada da: 1. (kamuwa daga cututtukan da ba a nuna su ba tukuna). Mutane da yawa na iya kamuwa da cuta ba tare da alamu ko kawai tare da alamu masu sauki ba. 2. Rashin kiyaye dacewar jama'a a wuraren da yawa a kowane lokaci. 3. Rashin daidaito da farashi (rashin jituwa). Idan mutane masu kamuwa da cuta ne kawai an rufe abin rufe fuska, wataƙila za a zuga su su yi hakan. Mutumin da ya kamu da cutar na iya ɗaukar nauyi, kamar yin siyayya har ma ana nuna masa wariya.

Mai bincike a jami’ar Leeds, Stephen Griffin, ya ce: "Sanya abin rufe fuska na iya rage damar da mutane za su iya shafa wa fuskarsu, wanda shine babban tushen kamuwa da cuta ba tare da tsabtace hannu ba." [1]

Iri abin rufe fuska

Makarfin fuska mai sauƙi shine kayan da za'a iya amfani dasu akan bakin da hanci, yawanci ana yin auduga. Ba kamar masar tiyata ba, ba ta karkashin doka. A halin yanzu babu ƙananan bincike ko jagora game da ingancinsu azaman kariya daga yaduwar cututtuka masu kama da gurɓatar iska.

Rufin fuska wata na'ura ce mai amfani, wacce za a iya amfani da ita wacce ke haifar da katanga tsakanin bakin da hanci ga masu cutarwa da cutarwa a cikin mahallin. Ana amfani da abin rufe fuska don taimakawa wajen toshe manyan ruwa-ruwa, yayyafa, toka, ko yaduwar da za su iya ƙunsar ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta idan an sa su da kyau, hana waɗannan abubuwan da hanci. abin rufe din tiyata na iya taimakawa wajen rage yaduwar cutar da kuma toshe wasu abubuwa. [2] Abin rufe fuska na tiyata ba'a tsara su bane don toshewa ko toshe kananan ƙananan abubuwa a cikin iska wanda za'a iya watsa shi ta hanyar tari, hanci, ko wasu hanyoyin kiwon lafiya. Abin rufe fuska na tiyata kuma ba su bayar da cikakkiyar kariya daga ƙwayoyin cuta da sauran abubuwan gurɓata saboda tazara mai dacewa tsakanin saman fuska da fuska. Abin rufe fuska tiyata ana yin sa ne da kayan gado wanda aka kera ta amfani da hayaki mai narkewa. [3] [4]

Abun rufe fuska N95 shine matattara wanda ya dace da samfurin N95 na Ma'aikatar Lafiya da Ma'aikatar ɗan adam ta Amurka. Yana tace aƙalla kashi 95 na barbashin iska wanda ke ba da kariya daga abubuwan daban, amma ban da iskar gas. [5] Kamar na tiyata, da N95 an yi shi ne da kayan narkewar ƙwayar 'polypropylene' mai narkewa. [6] [7] Masalin fuska mai dacewa da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin Tarayyar Turai shine mai ba da numfashi na FFP2. [8] [9]

Shawarwari daga Kungiyoyin Lafiya

Kungiyoyin lafiya sun bada shawarar cewa mutane su rufe bakinsu da hanci da gwiwar hannu, ko kuma yin amfani da takarda na nama kuma a jefar dashi kan tsaye. [10] [11]

An ba da shawarar abin rufe fuska ga wadanda suka kamu, [12] [13] [14] kamar yadda abin rufe fuska zai iya iyakance adadin nisa da nisa daga magana, numfashi, da tari. [15]

Shawarwarin Kungiyar Lafiya ta Duniya

Shawarar Kungiyar Lafiya ta Duniya ga jama'a a cikin mahallin COVID-19 ya ba da goyon baya ga amfani da abin rufe fuska a cikin halaye masu zuwa: [16] Sanya abin rufe fuska idan kuna kulawa da mutumin da ake zargi da kamuwa da cuta 2019-nCoV. • Saka abin rufe fuska idan kuna tari ko hancin. • Fuskin rufe suna da amfani ne kawai lokacin da aka yi amfani dasu a hade tare da tsaftacewa da hannu akai-akai tare da tsabtace hannun da ruwan sha ko sabulu da ruwa. • Idan kun sa abin rufe fuska, to lallai ne ku san yadda ake amfani da shi da kuma zubar da shi yadda yakamata.


Amfani da abin rufe fuska da manufofin ƙasa da ƙasa a Afirka

Wani mutum sanye da abin rufe baki a zamanin Koronavirus a ranar 14 ga Mayu 2020

• Benin: Tun daga ranar 8 ga Afrilu, hukumomin Benin sun fara tilasta yin amfani da abin rufe fuska don dakatar da kamuwa da cutar coronavirus. [17] • Kamaru: Magajin garin Kamaru ya ba da sanarwar cewa saka abin rufe ido zai zama dole don rage yaduwar cutar coronavirus. [18] • Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo: Yanzu rufe yankin wajibi ne a babban birnin. [19]

• Kasar Habasha: Majalisar ministocin kasar Habasha ta haramta girgiza hannu tare da amincewa da rufe fuska a wuraren da jama'a ke [20] • Guinea: Alpha Alpha Conde na Guinea ya ba da shawarar saka masks. [21] • Kenya: Sanya abin rufe fuska ya zama dole. Dole ne gwamnati ta yi taka tsantsan game da jama'ar Kenya don gujewa jama'a da aka gano a matsayin hanya mafi kyau don hana kamuwa da cuta. [22] • Laberiya: Ranar 21 ga Afrilu, dole ne ku sa abin rufewa ko abin rufewa a cikin jama'a. [23] • Maroko: Saka abin rufe fuska ya zama tilas. [24] • Nigeria: Hukumar NCDC ta shawarci 'yan Najeriya da su rufe fuska don hana kamuwa da cutar coronavirus [25] • "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: When and how to use masks". World Health Organization. World Health Organization. 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.


Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. [1] "Why healthy Chinese wearing face masks outdoors?". NHC.gov.cn. Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 10 April 2020.
  2. [2] "How to avoid touching your face so much". BBC News. 18 March 2020.
  3. [3] "N95 Respirators and Surgical Masks (Face Masks)". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. [4] "Not Enough Face Masks Are Made In America To Deal With Coronavirus". NPR.org. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  5. [5] "Chinese mask makers use loopholes to speed up regulatory approval". Financial Times. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  6. [6] "Respirator Trusted-Source: Selection FAQs". U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  7. [7] Zie, John (19 March 2020). "World Depends on China for Face Masks But Can Country Deliver?". Voice of America.
  8. [8] Feng, Emily (16 March 2020). "COVID-19 Has Caused A Shortage Of Face Masks. But They're Surprisingly Hard To Make". NPR.
  9. [9] "Comparison of FFP2, KN95, and N95 and Other Filtering Facepiece Respirator Classes" (PDF). 3M Technical Data Bulletin. 1 January 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  10. [10] "Strategies for Optimizing the Supply of N95 Respirators: Crisis/Alternate Strategies". U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  11. [11] Advice for public". World Health Organization. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  12. [12] Home. "Novel Coronavirus". HPSC.ie. Health Protection Surveillance Centre of Ireland. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  13. [13] "Severe Respiratory Disease associated with a Novel Infectious Agent". Government of Hong Kong. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  14. [14] "Updates on Wuhan Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Local Situation". MoH.gov.sg. Ministry of Health of Singapore. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  15. [15] "Advice on the use of masks in the community, during home care and in health care settings in the context of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak". World Health Organization. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  16. [16] "2019-nCoV: What the Public Should Do". US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 4 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  17. [17]Benin Police Enforce Mask Wearing In Bid To Stop Virus,Barron's, 8 April 2020.
  18. [18]Cameroon City Makes Wearing Mask Mandatory in Fight Against Coronavirus,VOA News, 7 April 2020.
  19. [19] Tasamba, James (19 April 2020). "Rwanda, DR Congo make mask wearing mandatory".
  20. [20] Samuel, Gelila (12 April 2020). "Ethiopia Outlaws Handshakes, Obliges Masks in Public Places".
  21. [21]Masilela, Brenda (14 April 2020). "Guinean president makes masks compulsory in bid to curb the spread of coronavirus".,IOL
  22. [22]Muraya, Joseph (5 April 2020). "Kenya: Masks Now Mandatory in Public Places, Kenya Declares".,All Africa
  23. [23]Senkpeni, Alpha Daffae (21 April 2020). "Will You Wear Mask? Liberia's Lawmakers Want Compulsory Wearing of 'Protective Device' In Public".,Front Page Africa
  24. [24]Eljechtimi, Ahmed (6 April 2020). "Morocco makes face masks compulsory due to coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  25. [25]Samson Toromade (14 April 2020). NCDC advises Nigerians to wear face masks to prevent coronavirus infection https://www.pulse.ng/news/local/coronavirus-ncdc-advises-nigerians-to-wear-face-masks/1fecbp5