An tabbatar da halaka juna

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Wikidata.svgAn tabbatar da halaka juna
military doctrine (en) Fassara
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Bayanai
Gajeren suna MAD da DMA

Rushewar Mutual (MAD) koyaswar dabarun soja ne da manufofin tsaron kasa wanda cikakken amfani da makamin nukiliya da maharin ya yi kan wani mai kare makamin nukiliya tare da karfin kai hari na biyu zai haifar da halakar da maharin da duka. mai tsaron gida.[1] Ya dogara ne a kan ka'idar hana kai hari, wanda ke nuni da cewa barazanar amfani da manyan makamai a kan makiya yana hana makiya amfani da wadannan makaman. Dabarun wani nau'i ne na ma'aunin Nash wanda, da zarar an yi amfani da makamai, babu wani bangare da yake da wani abin karfafa gwiwa don fara rikici ko kwance damara.

Kalmar “lalacewar juna”, wanda aka fi sani da “MAD”, Donald Brennan, masanin dabarun aiki ne a Cibiyar Hudson ta Herman Kahn a 1962.[1] Duk da haka, Brennan ya zo da wannan gajarta da ban mamaki, inda ya rubuta kalmar Ingilishi "mahaukaci" don yin jayayya da cewa riƙe makamai masu iya lalata al'umma rashin hankali ne.

A karkashin MAD, kowane bangare yana da isassun makamin nukiliya don lalata daya bangaren. Ko wanne bangare, idan wani ya kai masa hari kan kowane dalili, zai rama da karfi daidai ko babba. Sakamakon da ake sa ran zai haifar da tashin hankali nan take, wanda ba za a iya jurewa ba, wanda ya haifar da rugujewar mayaƙa, gabaɗaya, da kuma tabbatacciyar halaka. Koyarwar tana buƙatar kada kowane bangare ya gina matsuguni akan ma'auni mai girma. Idan wani bangare ya gina irin wannan tsarin mafaka, zai keta koyarwar MAD kuma ya lalata halin da ake ciki, saboda ba zai iya jin tsoro daga yajin aiki na biyu ba . [1] [2] Ana kiran wannan ka'ida don kare kariya daga makami mai linzami .

  1. Freeman Dyson, Disturbing the Universe, Chapter 13, The Ethics of Defense, Basic Books, 1981.
  2. Weapons and Hope, Freeman Dyson, Harper Collins, 1985