Bugawar bacci

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Bugawar bacci
Obstruction ventilation apnée sommeil.svg
Description (en) Fassara
Iri sleep disorder (en) Fassara, apnea (en) Fassara, sleep-related breathing disorder (en) Fassara
disease (individual) (en) Fassara
Specialty (en) Fassara pulmonology (en) Fassara
otolaryngology (en) Fassara
Treatment (en) Fassara
Magani continuous positive airway pressure (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10-CM G47.30 da G47.3
ICD-9-CM 780.57
ICD-10 G47.3
ICD-9 327.23 da 780.57
MedlinePlus 000811 da 003997
eMedicine 000811 da 003997
MeSH D012891
Disease Ontology ID DOID:0050847

Bugawar bacci cuta ce ta bacci wadda ke dakatar da numfashi ko kuma lokacin numfashi mara zurfi yayin bacci yakan faru fiye da na al'ada.[1] Kowane ɗan dakata yana iya ɗaukar ɗan daƙiƙa zuwa ƴan mintuna kuma yana faruwa sau da yawa a dare.[1] A mafi yawan nau'i na yau da kullum, wannan yana biye da murya mai ƙarfi.[2] Ana iya samun sautin shakewa ko hargitsi yayin da numfashi ya dawo.[1] Domin cutar ta rushe barcin al'ada, waɗanda abin ya shafa na iya samun barci ko kuma su ji gajiya a rana.[1] A cikin yara yana iya haifar da yawan aiki ko matsaloli a makaranta.[2]

Bugawar bacci na iya zama ko dai obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) wanda numfashi ke katsewa ta hanyar toshewar iska, tsakiyar barcin barci (CSA) wanda numfashin suma na yau da kullun yana tsayawa kawai, ko hade biyun.[1] Obstructive (OSA) shine mafi yawan nau'i.[1] Abubuwan haɗari ga OSA sun haɗa da kasancewa mai kiba, tarihin iyali na yanayin, rashin lafiyar jiki, ƙaramar hanyar iska, da kuma girma tonsils.[3] Wasu masu fama da matsalar bacci ba su san suna da yanayin ba.[1] A yawancin lokuta wani dan uwa ne ya fara ganinsa.[1] Ana yawan gano ciwon bacci tare da nazarin barcin dare.[4] Don gano cutar bugun barci, dole ne ya faru fiye da sau biyar a kowace awa.[5]

Magani na iya haɗawa da canje-canjen salon rayuwa, bakin baki, na'urorin numfashi, da tiyata.[1] Canje-canjen salon rayuwa na iya haɗawa da guje wa barasa, rasa nauyi, daina shan taba, da barci a gefen mutum.[6] Na'urorin numfashi sun haɗa da amfani da injin CPAP.[6] Idan ba tare da magani ba, barcin barci yana iya ƙara haɗarin bugun zuciya, bugun jini, ciwon sukari, gazawar zuciya, bugun zuciya mara ka'ida, kiba, da karon abin hawa.[1]

OSA yana shafar 1 zuwa 6% na manya da 2% na yara.[7][8] Yana shafar maza kusan sau biyu fiye da mata.[7][9] Duk da yake mutane a kowane zamani na iya shafar su, yana faruwa mafi yawanci a cikin waɗanda shekarunsu suka wuce 55 zuwa 60.[1][7] CSA yana shafar ƙasa da 1% na mutane.[10] An kwatanta nau'in CSA a cikin tatsuniyar Jamus na la'anar Ondine inda mutum lokacin barci zai manta da numfashi.[11]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 "Sleep Apnea: What Is Sleep Apnea?". NHLBI: Health Information for the Public. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. July 10, 2012. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-18.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Apnea?". NHLBI. July 10, 2012. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  3. "Who Is at Risk for Sleep Apnea?". NHLBI. July 10, 2012. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  4. "How Is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed?". NHLBI. July 10, 2012. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  5. De Backer W (June 2013). "Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome". Panminerva Medica. 55 (2): 191–5. PMID 23676959.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "How Is Sleep Apnea Treated?". NHLBI. July 10, 2012. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Global Surveillance, Prevention and Control of Chronic Respiratory Diseases: A Comprehensive Approach. World Health Organization. 2007. p. 32. ISBN 9789241563468.
  8. Ferri, Fred F. (2014). Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2015: 5 Books in 1. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 1090. ISBN 9780323084307.
  9. Al Lawati, Nabil M.; Patel, Sanjay R.; Ayas, Najib T. (January 2009). "Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Consequences of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Short Sleep Duration". Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. 51 (4): 285–293. doi:10.1016/j.pcad.2008.08.001. PMID 19110130.
  10. Auth, Patrick C. (2012). Physician Assistant Review (4 ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 40. ISBN 9781451171297.
  11. Yentis, Steven M.; Hirsch, Nicholas P.; Ip, James (2013). Anaesthesia and Intensive Care A-Z: An Encyclopedia of Principles and Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 428. ISBN 9780702053757.