Conjunctivitis

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Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis 5174.jpg
Description (en) Fassara
Iri eye disease (en) Fassara, cuta, conjunctival disease (en) Fassara, inflammatory disease (en) Fassara, eye symptom (en) Fassara
disease (individual) (en) Fassara
Specialty (en) Fassara ophthalmology (en) Fassara
Symptoms and signs (en) Fassara red eye (en) Fassara
inflammation (en) Fassara
Treatment (en) Fassara
Magani tobramycin (en) Fassara, tacrolimus (en) Fassara, moxifloxacin (en) Fassara, norfloxacin (en) Fassara, valinegramicidin a (en) Fassara da natamycin (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10-CM H10.9 da H10
ICD-9-CM 372.30 da 372.39
DiseasesDB 3067
MedlinePlus 001010
eMedicine 001010
MeSH D003231
Disease Ontology ID DOID:6195

Conjunctivitis, wanda kuma aka sani da ido mai ruwan hoda, shine kumburin saman iyakar farin sashin ido da saman fatar ido na ciki.[1] Yana sa ido ya zama ruwan hoda ko ja.[2] Za a iya jin zafi, konewa, karce, ko ƙaiƙayi.[2] Idon da abin ya shafa na iya ƙara hawaye ko kuma “a makale” da safe.[2] Kumburi na farin sashin ido na iya faruwa.[2] Kaiƙayi ya fi zama ruwan dare a lokuta saboda allergies.[3] Conjunctivitis na iya shafar ido ɗaya ko biyu.[2]

Abubuwan da suka fi kamuwa da cuta sune ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta ke biye da su.[3] Kamuwa da cuta na iya faruwa tare da wasu alamun mura na kowa.[2] Dukansu ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta suna saurin yaɗuwa tsakanin mutane.[2] Allergy ga pollen ko gashin dabba ma abu ne na kowa.[3] Ana gano cutar sau da yawa akan alamu da alamu.[2] Lokaci-lokaci, ana aika samfurin fitarwa don al'ada.[2]

Rigakafin wani bangare ne ta hanyar wanke hannu.[2] Jiyya ya dogara da ainihin dalilin.[2] A mafi yawan lokuta masu kamuwa da cuta, babu takamaiman magani.[3] Yawancin lokuta saboda kamuwa da ƙwayar cuta kuma suna warwarewa ba tare da magani ba; duk da haka, maganin rigakafi na iya rage rashin lafiya.[2][3] Mutanen da suke sanye da ruwan tabarau da kuma wadanda cutar gonorrhea ko chlamydia ke haifar da su yakamata a yi musu magani.[3] Za a iya magance matsalolin rashin lafiyan tare da maganin antihistamines ko mast cell inhibitor drops.[3]

Kimanin mutane miliyan 3 zuwa 6 ke kamuwa da cutar sankarau kowace shekara a Amurka.[2][3] A cikin manya, cututtukan ƙwayoyin cuta sun fi yawa, yayin da yara, cututtukan ƙwayoyin cuta sun fi yawa.[3] Yawanci, mutane suna samun sauƙi a cikin mako ɗaya ko biyu.[2][3] Idan hasara na gani, ciwo mai mahimmanci, hankali ga haske, alamun herpes, ko kuma idan bayyanar cututtuka ba su inganta ba bayan mako guda, ana iya buƙatar ƙarin ganewar asali da magani.[3] Conjunctivitis a cikin jariri, wanda aka sani da conjunctivitis na jariri, na iya buƙatar takamaiman magani.[2]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Richards A, Guzman-Cottrill JA (May 2010). "Conjunctivitis". Pediatrics in Review. 31 (5): 196–208. doi:10.1542/pir.31-5-196. PMID 20435711.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 "Facts About Pink Eye". National Eye Institute. November 2015. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Azari AA, Barney NP (October 2013). "Conjunctivitis: a systematic review of diagnosis and treatment". JAMA. 310 (16): 1721–9. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.280318. PMC 4049531. PMID 24150468.