Jump to content

Cybercrime

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Cybercrime
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Laifi da IT risk (en) Fassara
Hashtag (en) Fassara cybercrime
Babban tsarin rubutu Convention on Cybercrime (en) Fassara
Gudanarwan computer criminal (en) Fassara da Black Hat (tsaro na kwamfuta)
Uses (en) Fassara na'ura
ACM Classification Code (2012) (en) Fassara 10003574

Cybercrime wato Laifukan yanar gizo ya ƙunshi ayyuka da yawa na aikata laifuka waɗanda ake aiwatar ta amfani da na'urorin dijital da hanyoyin sadarwa na networks. Waɗannan laifuffuka sun haɗa da amfani da fasaha don yin zamba, satar bayanan sirri, keta bayanai, ƙwayoyin cuta na kwamfuta wato virus, zamba, da kuma faɗaɗa su cikin wasu munanan ayyuka. Masu aikata laifuka ta intanet suna amfani da wata baraka a cikin tsarin kwamfuta da hanyoyin sadarwa don samun damar shiga mara izini, satar bayanai masu mahimmanci, rushe ayyuka, da kuma haifar da lahani na kuɗi ko mutunci ga mutane, ƙungiyoyi, da gwamnatoci.

A shekara ta 2000, Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta goma ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Rigakafin Laifuka da Magance masu laifi sun sanya laifuffukan yanar gizo zuwa kashi biyar: samun izini ta hanyar kutsa kai, lalata bayanan kwamfuta ko shirye-shirye, zagon kasa don hana aiki na tsarin kwamfuta ko hanyar sadarwa, shiga tsakani mara izini. bayanai a cikin tsarin ko cibiyar sadarwa, da kuma leken asirin kwamfuta.

Bangaren kasa da kasa, duka jahohi da kuma wadanda ba na jiha ba suna aikata laifuka ta yanar gizo, wadanda suka hada da leken asiri, satar kudi, da sauran laifukan kan iyaka. Laifukan yanar gizo da ke ƙetara iyakokin ƙasa da ƙasa da kuma haɗa ayyukan aƙalla ƙasa ɗaya ana kiran su da yaƙin intanet. Warren Buffett ya ce laifuffukan yanar gizo shine "matsala ta daya da ke tattare da bil'adama" kuma "yana haifar da haɗari ga bil'adama".

Nau'i da Rabe-raben Laifukan Kwamfuta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Laifin kwamfuta ya ƙunshi ayyuka da yawa, gami da zamba na kwamfuta wanda aka fi sani da 419 ko kuma yaudara ta scam, laifuffukan kuɗi, Yaudara, fataucin cybersex, da yaudara ta talla wato advert.

Hanyoyin Kare kai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kwararrun tsaro ta yanar gizo sun kasance masu shakku game da dabarun da aka mayar da hankali kan rigakafin kare kai . An kuma yi zargin yanayin amfani da kayayyakin tsaro na intanet. Shuman Ghosemajumder ya bayar da hujjar cewa kamfanoni guda ɗaya da ke amfani da haɗe-haɗen kayayyaki don tsaro ba hanya ce mai sauƙi ba kuma ya ba da shawarar yin amfani da fasahar tsaro ta yanar gizo musamman a matakin dandamali. A matakin sirri, akwai wasu dabaru da ake da su don karewa daga laifuffukan yanar gizo: [1]

  • Kasancewa da sabunta software wato updating da kuma Patch (tsarin aiki) tsaro
  • Yin amfani da software na anti-virus wanda zai iya ganowa da cire barazanar kwayoyin virus daga yin ɓarna a kwamfuta
  • Yi amfani da kalmomin sirri masu ƙarfi tare da haruffa iri-iri waɗanda ba su da sauƙin tsammani
  • Barin buɗe haɗe-haɗe link daga imel ɗin da ba'a tabbatar ba
  • Kar a danna hanyoyin haɗin link na yanar gizo daga imel ɗin wanda ba'a sani ba
  • Kar a ba da bayanan sirri ta intanit sai dai idan ba za ku iya tabbatar da cewa inda aka fitar dasu yana da tsaro kuma an yarda dashi
  • Tuntuɓi kamfanoni software na manjayar game da buƙatun bayananku.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Nikishin, A. (2015). "ICS Threats. A Kaspersky Lab view, predictions and reality". Cyber Security for Industrial Control Systems. Institution of Engineering and Technology: 01 (43 .). doi:10.1049/ic.2015.0003. ISBN 978-1-78561-010-3.