Duba Rana

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Duba Rana
Helianthus annuus exposed 2004-05-22.jpg
Conservation status

Least Concern (en) Fassara (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
KingdomPlantae
OrderAsterales (en) Asterales
FamilyAsteraceae (en) Asteraceae
TribeHeliantheae (en) Heliantheae
GenusHelianthus (en) Helianthus
jinsi Helianthus annuus
Linnaeus, 1753
General information
Tsatso sunflower seed (en) Fassara, sunflower lecithin (en) Fassara da sunflower oil (en) Fassara

Duba Rana (sunan kimiyya; Helianthus annuus) tsiro ne mai fitowa shekara-shekara shuka daga cikin iyalin tsirrai na Asteraceae, tare da babban fulawa (capitulum). Jigon furen na iya yin tsayi zuwa mita 3 da tsayi, tare da kan fure wanda ka iya zama faɗin santimita 30 . Sauran nau'ikan Duba Rana sun haɗa da California Royal Sunflower, wanda ke da furen burgundy (ja + purple ).

Shugaban furen a zahiri inflorescence ne wanda aka yi shi da ɗari ɗari ko dubunnan ƙananan fure da ake kira fure. Floananan florets suna kama da tsakiyar fure na yau da kullun, pseudanthium . Amfanin shuka shi ne cewa kwari da tsuntsaye suna ganinta cikin sauqi wadanda suke bata shi, kuma tana samar da dubban iri.

Sunflower fure ne na jihar Kansas . Wannan shine dalilin da yasa wasu lokuta ake kiran Kansas da Sunflower State. Don girma sosai, sunflowers suna buƙatar cikakken rana. Sun fi kyau a cikin ƙasa mai dausayi, rigar, ƙasa mai kyau da ciyawa da yawa. A cikin dasa kasuwanci, ana shuka iri 45 cm (1.5 ft) baya da 2.5 cm (1 a cikin) zurfi

Bayani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gonar Duba Rana a Spain.
Shugaban nuna filawowi a karkace na 34 da 55 kewaye da waje

Fure-fure masu ɗauke da furanni su ne furannin bakararre kuma suna iya zama rawaya, ja, lemu, ko wasu launuka. Furen da ke cikin madauwari kai ake kira diski florets, wanda ya girma cikin tsaba.

Furen furanni a cikin tarin sunflower na koyaushe yana cikin yanayin karkace . Gabaɗaya, kowane fulawa yana fuskantar zuwa na gaba da kusan kusurwar zinare, 137.5 °, yana samar da silar haɗuwa da karkace, inda adadin masu karkacewar hagu da kuma adadin madaidaitan dama sune lambobin Fibonacci a jere. Yawanci, akwai karkace 34 a hanya ɗaya kuma 55 a ɗayan; akan babbar sunflower mai yawa ana iya samun 89 ta daya bangaren kuma 144 a daya bangaren. [1]

Duba Rana suna yawan girma zuwa tsakanin 1.5 da 3.5 m (5-12 ft ). Duba Rana mafi tsayi wanda kundin adana kayan tarihi na Guinness World Records ya tabbatar shine mita 9.17 (2014, Jamus). A cikin karni na 16 na Turai rikodin ya riga ya kasance 7.3 m (24 ft., Spain). Yawancin nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan H. annuus ne, amma wasu nau'ikan nau'ikan guda huɗu (duk masu shekaru) ana kuma samunsu gida. Wannan ya hada da H. tuberosus, Urushalima Artichoke, wanda ke samar da tubers masu ci.

Kamar abinci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ana siyar da sunflower "dukkan iri" ('ya'yan itace) a matsayin abincin ciye ciye, bayan an gasa su a murhu, tare da ko ba a kara gishiri ba. Ana iya sarrafa Duba Rana a cikin madadin man shanu na gyada, Sunbutter. A cikin Jamusanci, an gauraya shi tare da hatsin garin hatsin don yin Sonnenblumenkernbrot (a zahiri: sunflower whole seed seed), wanda ya shahara sosai a cikin Turai mai jin Jamusanci. Ana kuma siyar dashi azaman abincin tsuntsaye kuma ana iya amfani dashi kai tsaye a girki da salati. Sunflower man, cirewa daga tsaba, da ake amfani da dafa, a matsayin wani m man fetur da kuma samar da margarine da kuma biodiesel, kamar yadda yana da rahusa fiye da man zaitun . Akwai nau'ikan nau'ikan sunflower iri daban-daban tare da nau'ikan kayan mai mai ƙanshi; wasu nau'ikan 'high oleic' suna dauke da mafi girman lafiyayyun ƙwayar mai a cikin mai fiye da Olive .

Ana amfani da kek ɗin da ya rage bayan an sarrafa irin don man fetur a matsayin abincin dabbobi. Wasu irinsu da suka bunkasa kwanan nan suna da kawunansu. Wadannan nau'ikan kayan lambu ba su da kyau ga masu lambu da ke shuka furannin a matsayin shuke-shuke na ado, amma suna kira ga manoma, saboda suna rage lalacewar tsuntsaye da asarar da suke yi daga wasu cututtukan tsire-tsire. Sunflowers suma suna samarda latex kuma sune batun gwaje-gwajen don inganta dacewar su azaman madadin amfanin gona don samar da robar hypoallergenic. A al'adance, kungiyoyin Amurkawa da yawa sun dasa furannin sunflow a gefen arewa na lambunan su a matsayin "'yar uwa ta hudu" ga sanannun' yan uwa mata uku wadanda suka hada masara, wake, da squash. Ana shuka nau'o'in shekara-shekara don kaddarorin allelopathic.[ana buƙatar hujja] ] Koyaya, don manoman kasuwanci masu noman kayan masarufi, sunflower, kamar kowane tsire-tsire da ba'a so, galibi ana ɗaukarsa sako ne. Musamman a tsakiyar yammacin Amurka, ana samun jinsin daji (na shekara-shekara) a cikin masara da waken soya kuma suna iya yin mummunan tasiri ga yawan amfanin ƙasa. Hakanan ana iya amfani da sunflowers don cire sinadarai masu guba daga ƙasa, kamar gubar, arsenic da uranium. Anyi amfani dasu don cire uranium, cesium-137, da strontium-90 daga ƙasa bayan bala'in Chernobyl (duba phytoremediation).

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Knott R. 2010. Fibonacci numbers