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Gira

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Gira
class of anatomical entity (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na facial feature (en) Fassara, human facial hair (en) Fassara, set of facial hairs (en) Fassara da particular anatomical entity (en) Fassara
Powered by (en) Fassara corrugator supercilii muscle (en) Fassara

Goshi yankin gajerun gashi ne da ke sama da kowanne ido wanda ke bi fasalin ƙananan gefen ƙananan ƙasusuwa na wasu mammals. A cikin mutane, goshi suna da ayyuka guda biyu: na farko, sadarwa ta hanyar fuskantar nuna ji, na biyu kuma, hana gumi, ruwa, da sauran tarkace daga zuba cikin ramin ido. Yana da matukar yawa mutane su canza gashin goshinsu ta hanyar cire gashi da kayan shafawa.

Akwai dabaru da dama da aka gabatar don bayyana aikin goshi a cikin mutane. Daya daga cikin dabarun yana nuna cewa babban aikin shi ne hana danshi (galibi gumi da ruwan sama) daga kwarara cikin ido.Samfuri:Fact Wani ra'ayi yana nuna cewa goshi da ake gani a sarari sun ba da kariya daga mafarauta lokacin da gajiyayyu suka fara barci a ƙasa.[1]Samfuri:Clarification needed

Bincike na kwanan nan, duk da haka, yana nuna cewa goshi a cikin mutane sun samo asali ne a matsayin hanyar sadarwa kuma wannan shine babban aikinsu. Mutane sun samar da goshi mai laushi tare da gashi mai launi wanda zai iya motsi sosai. Irin wannan goshi na iya bayyana abubuwa da yawa na motsin zuciya – gami da gane wa da jin kai.[2][3]

Salon gashi goshi yana sauyawa a cikin zamani daban-daban kuma goshi sun kasance suna taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin kayan kwalliyar mata, galibi a matsayin wani ɓangare na buƙatun al'adu game da gashin jiki.[4][5]

Hanyoyin kwaskwarima sun samo asali tsawon ƙarnuka don canza bayyanar goshi ta hanyar ƙara ko cire gashi, canza launi, ko canza matsayi don cimma ma'aunin kyakkyawa na lokacin, misali, ta hanyar zana gashin goshi da launin dindindin, makamancin launin gashi, akai-akai don yin launin duhu.[6]

Kayan kwalliya kamar goge goshi, shaders, da fensir ana amfani da su akai-akai don bayyana goshi ko sanya su yi kama da cikakku. Wadannan suna iya ƙirƙirar ƙirar goshi ko yin kwaikwayon gashi inda akwai wurare masu ɗan ƙarancin gashi. Brow gels kuma ana amfani da su wajen ƙirƙirar goshi mai kauri; suna ba da damar gashin ya zama mai kauri, wanda ke ba da bayyanar gashi mai kauri da cikakke. A ƙarshe, brow powders ko ma eyeshadows ana amfani da su don waɗanda suke son cikakken kuma mafi na halitta look, ta hanyar sanya brow foda ko eyeshadow (mafi kusa da launin gashi na halitta) a wuraren da akwai ƙasa da gashi.

Akwai zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa don cire gashi don cimma goshi mai ƙanƙanta ko ƙarami, ko don "gyara" unibrow, gami da hannu da kuma lantarki tweezing, waxing, da threading. Hanyar da aka fi sani ita ce amfani da tweezers don rage kauri da gyara goshi. Waxing yana kara samun shahara. A ƙarshe, akwai threading goshi, inda zaren auduga ke motsawa akan gashi don cire shi. Ana amfani da ƙananan almakashi a wasu lokuta don gyara goshi, ko dai tare da wata hanyar cire gashi ko kadai. Duk waɗannan hanyoyin na iya yin zafi na ƴan daƙiƙu ko mintuna saboda wurin yana kusa da ido yana da matuƙar tausayi amma, sau da yawa, wannan zafin yana raguwa tsawon lokaci yayin da mutum ya saba da shi. Da lokaci, gashi da aka cire zai daina dawowa[Ana bukatan hujja]. Wasu mutane suna cire ko aske goshinsu kuma suna barin su ba tare da komai ba, zana ko kwatanta su da eye liner ko kuma tattoo su. A cikin al'ummomin Yamma, ya zama ruwan dare don maza su cire wani ɓangare na goshinsu.[Ana bukatan hujja]

Don ƙirƙirar cikakkiyar goshi, ana iya cloned goshi a cikin eyebrow transplant. Ana ƙirƙirar kowane strand na goshi don yin kwaikwayon goshi mai kama da na halitta na fasalin da ake so. Tsarin dasa goshi yana kama da tsarin dasa gashi sosai. A cikin wannan tsari ma, ana ɗaukar ƙwayoyin daga wani yanki mai aiki kuma a canja wurin su zuwa yankin da babu gashi. Galibi ana ɗaukar ƙwayoyin daga bayan kai saboda shine mafi kyawun wurin girbi idan ya zo ga gashi. Ana saka ƙwayoyin a cikin fata.

Tsarin warkarwa bayan dasa goshi yana kama da tsarin tattoo. A cikin wannan tsari, marasa lafiya na iya fuskantar ɗan ƙananan kumburi da fuskar fata. Mutanen da suke da goshi mai ɗan siriri na kwayoyin halitta ko kuma waɗanda suka yi yawa sun dace sosai don dasa goshi.

Ɗaga goshi na daga cikin aikin kwaskwarima don ɗaga goshi, galibi don ƙirƙirar bayyanar mace ko samari. Ba sabon abu bane, tare da mafi tsufa bayanin ɗaga goshi da aka buga a cikin wallafe-wallafen likitanci a cikin 1919 ta likitan Faransa Raymond Passot.[7] Ana iya shafar goshi yayin da ake face lift ko kuma daga ido. A cikin shekarun 1970s, likitoci sun fara allurar goshi na marasa lafiya tare da botox ko makamancin guba don sare tsokoki na ɗan lokaci, yana haifar da ɗaga goshi.[8]

Matan Jafananci da maza daga ƙarni na 8 sun yi amfani da hikimayu: aske ko cire gashi goshi kuma zanen kamar tabo-tabon gashi masu ƙyalƙyali a saman goshi ko kuma fensir ɗin su a wani wuri daban. Wannan aiki yana kama da wanda aka yi a cikin zamanin Elizabethan era lokacin da manyan mata suka cire goshi gaba ɗaya.[4] Goshi masu siriri, da aka cimma ta hanyar cire gashi sosai, sun sake shaharaSamfuri:Where? a shekarun 1920s da 1930s.

A cikin ƙarni na 21, tattoo ya zama sananne azaman hanya don cimmawa da kiyaye siffar goshi, ta amfani da injin nada, injin rotary ko kayan aiki na hannu mai ɗauke da jere na allurai. Wannan tsari, wanda ake kira tattoo na kwaskwarima ko microblading yana nufin ɗan goshi yana dasa launuka a cikin ƙananan, yankuna daidai waɗanda suke kwaikwayon kamannin gashi. Aske layuka a goshi wata gyara ce ta kwaskwarima, sananne tsakanin wasu matasa a cikin shekarun 1990s da 2000s.[9]

  1. Joseph Jordania, Why do People Sing? Music in Human Evolution, chapter "I Can See you! Eyespots in Humans." Logos, 2011, pg. 96
  2. Godinho, Ricardo Miguel; Spikins, Penny; O’Higgins, Paul (June 2018). "Supraorbital morphology and social dynamics in human evolution". Nature Ecology & Evolution. 2 (6): 956–961. Bibcode:2018NatEE...2..956G. doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0528-0. hdl:10400.1/11513. PMID 29632349. S2CID 4698765.
  3. "Human face evolved to help us communicate emotions, scientists say". 15 April 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Edwards, Lydia (15 November 2019). "Friday essay: shaved, shaped and slit – eyebrows through the ages". The Conversation.
  5. "The History of Women and Their Eyebrows". Marie Claire. 10 April 2014.
  6. Cosio, Robyn (2000). The eyebrow (in English). New York: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0-06-039326-7. OCLC 1043525546.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  7. Dowden, Richard (October 2001). "Keeping the Transumbilical Breast Augmentation Procedure Safe". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 108 (5): 1405–1408. doi:10.1097/00006534-200110000-00048. PMID 11604652. S2CID 10082065.
  8. "Creating Beautiful Eyes and Eyebrows With Nonsurgical Procedures". Medscape Dermatology. 2008. Unknown parameter |last 1= ignored (help); |first1= missing |last1= (help)
  9. Bruce Ely, The Oregonian (2008-04-28). "Teens shaving lines in eyebrows raise gang concerns in schools". OregonLive.com. Archived from the original on 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2012-06-23.