Jump to content

Harshen Luilang

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Harshen Luilang
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-3 kae
Glottolog keta1243[1]

Luilang, ko Ketagalan a shakku (Ketangalan, Tangalan; Chinese ), yaren Formosan ne da ake magana a kudancin Taipei na zamani baya a arewacin Taiwan ta ɗaya daga cikin mutane da yawa da ake kira Ketagalan . Wataƙila harshen ya ɓace a tsakiyar ƙarni na 20 kuma ba a tabbatar da shi sosai ba.

Bisa al'adar baka, mutanen Luilang sun fara zama ƙauyuka huɗu kusa da Taipei: Luili (雷里, Leili), Siulang (秀朗, Xiulang), Bulisiat (務裡薛, Wulixue) da Liau-a (了阿, Liao'a) . Waɗannan sun haɗu a ƙarƙashin sunan haɗin gwiwar Luilang (雷朗, Leilang), kuma daga baya sun yi ƙaura zuwa wurin da suke a yanzu a cikin Outer Oat-a (外挖仔庄, Waiwazizhuang) a cikin karni na 18.

Ethnologue da Glottolog suna amfani da sunan 'Ketagalan' don harshen Luilang. Duk da haka, wannan sunan ba shi da tabbas, tun asali yana nufin dukan ƙabilu na fili na arewacin Taiwan. An yi gardama a cikin wallafe-wallafen ko ya fi kyau a yi amfani da Luilang, a kudu da yammacin Taipei, ko kuma Basay, a gabas. 'Luilang' sunan ƙauyen kakanni ne, kuma ba shi da wata ma'ana ga yaren kudu maso yammacin Taipei, yayin da 'Basay' shine ƙarshen harshen a gabas, kuma ba shi da tabbas. [2]

Lambobin Luilang sun bambanta sosai. Misali, yaren Basay yana da lambobi 5 – 10 waɗanda ke da alaƙa da Proto-Malayo-Polynesian, wanda Luilang ba ya yi. Siffofin da Guérin ya rubuta (ta amfani da fassarar Faransanci), Ino (ta amfani da rubutun Jafananci) da Ogawa sune: [3] [4]

Luilang numerals
source 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Xiulang? (Guérin 1868) saka tsusa toulou souvad laleup tsouloup patsouo-ana patouloun sateuna isit
Xiulang (Ino 1896) saka tsusa tooru sma naru tsuro yinai tonai satoronai
Xiulang (Ino 1897) saka tsusa tooru seva rārup tserup senai patoorunai satoorunai irip
Luilang (Ogawa 1944) sa(ka) tsusa tuḷu suva (na)lup (na)tsulup innai patulunai satulunai isit
Ketangalan tsa Lusa tsʰu: špat tsima anum pitu watsu siwa Labatan

Bayanan kula

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]
  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Harshen Luilang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Tsuchida, Shigeru. 1985. Kulon: Yet another Austronesian language in Taiwan?. Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica 60. 1-59.
  3. Laurent Sagart (2004) The Higher Phylogeny of Austronesian and the Position of Tai-Kadai
  4. Li, Jen-kuei and Masayuki Toyoshima (eds). 2006. comparative vocabulary of Formosan languages and dialects, by Naoyoshi Ogawa. Asian and African lexicon series 49. Institute for Languages and cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.