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Harshen Mussau-Emira

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

 

Ana magana da harshen Mussau-Emira a tsibirin Mussau da Emirau a cikin Tsibirin St Matthias a cikin Bismarck Archipelago

Fasahar sauti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fonoems[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mussau-Emira ya bambanta waɗannan ƙayyadaddun kalmomi masu zuwa.

Biyuwa Alveolar Velar
Hanci m n ŋ
Plosive p t k
Fricative β s ɣ
Ruwa l ɾ
  • Sautunan Fricative /β, ɣ/ kuma ana iya jin su a matsayin sautunan tsayawa [b, ɡ] a matsayin farko na kalma kuma lokacin da aka haɗa su.

Sautin sautin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A gaba Tsakiya Komawa
Babba i u
Tsakanin ɛ Owu
Ƙananan a

Damuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A mafi yawan kalmomi damuwa ta farko ta fadi a kan wasula na ƙarshe kuma damuwa ta biyu ta fadi a kowane sashi na biyu da ya riga hakan. Wannan gaskiya ne ga siffofin da aka haɗa, kamar a cikin níma 'hannu', nimá-gi 'hannuwa'; níu 'koko', niúna 'koko'.

Yanayin Yanayi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sunaye da alamun mutum[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wakilan kyauta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mutumin Mai banbanci Yawancin mutane Biyu Shari'a Paucal
Mutum na farko ya hada da ita ce yaudara Jirgin ruwa itaata
Mutum na farko na musamman agi Aboki Ƙasa aŋatolu aŋaata
Mutum na biyu Ni ina amalua amatolu amaata
Mutum na uku Ya kasance ila yau ilaluwa ilotolu ilaata

Gabatarwa na batun[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gabatarwa suna nuna batutuwa na kowane aikatau:

  • (agi) a-namanama 'Ina cin abinci'
  • (io) u-namanama 'kai' (kai) cin abinci'
  • (ia) e-namanama 'yana cin abinci'

Misali na ƙamus[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lambobin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. kateva
  2. galua
  3. Kotolu
  4. gaata
  5. বিশ da kuma
  6. gaonomo
  7. Ya kasance mai yawa
  8. Gaoalu
  9. Kyau
  10. kasaŋaulu

Bayanan da aka ambata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙarin karantawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Blust, Robert (1984). "A Mussau vocabulary, with phonological notes." In Malcolm Ross, Jeff Siegel, Robert Blust, Michael A. Colburn, W. Seiler, Papers in New Guinea Linguistics, No. 23, 159-208. Series A-69. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. doi:10.15144/PL-A69 Samfuri:Hdl
  • Ross, Malcolm (1988). Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian languages of western Melanesia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. doi:10.15144/PL-C98doi:10.15144/PL-C98 Samfuri:Hdl
  • Mussau Grammar Essentials by John and Marjo Brownie (Data Papers on Papua New Guinea Languages, volume 52). 2007. Ukarumpa: SIL.[1]

Haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]