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Jeep Grand Cherokee

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jeep Grand Cherokee
automobile model series (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na executive car (en) Fassara da sport utility vehicle (en) Fassara
Sunan hukuma Grand Cherokee
Mabiyi Jeep Wagoneer (en) Fassara
Manufacturer (en) Fassara Stellantis North America (en) Fassara
Brand (en) Fassara Jeep Willys
Shafin yanar gizo jeep-official.it…
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2011_Jeep_Grand_Cherokee_Limited_--_07-03-2010
2011_Jeep_Grand_Cherokee_Limited_--_07-03-2010
JEEP_GRAND_CHEROKEE_(WK2)_China_(2)
JEEP_GRAND_CHEROKEE_(WK2)_China_(2)
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1995_Jeep_Grand_Cherokee_Orvis_Edition_interior_-_172374944
1993_Jeep_Grand_Cherokee_Laredo_interior_with_manual_transmission
1993_Jeep_Grand_Cherokee_Laredo_interior_with_manual_transmission

Jeep Grand Cherokee kewayon matsakaicin girman SUVs ne wanda kamfanin kera na Amurka Jeep ya kera. A gabatarwar sa, yayin da yawancin SUVs har yanzu ana kera su tare da ginin-kan-frame, Grand Cherokee ya yi amfani da chassis na unibody tun daga farko.

Ci gaba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Asalin Grand Cherokee ya koma 1983 lokacin da Kamfanin Motoci na Amurka (AMC) ke zayyana magajin ga karamar Jeep Cherokee (XJ) . Masu zane-zane uku na waje (ba AMC ba) - Larry Shinoda, Alain Clenet, da Giorgetto Giugiaro - kuma suna ƙarƙashin kwangila tare da AMC don ƙirƙirar da gina samfurin yumbu na maye gurbin Cherokee XJ, wanda aka sani da aikin "XJC". Koyaya, ƙirar asali don maye gurbin Cherokee yana da kyau ta hanyar masu zanen gida na AMC da motar motar Jeep Concept 1 ta 1989 ta annabta ƙirar asali.

Kamar yadda AMC ya fara haɓaka Jeep na gaba a cikin 1985, gudanarwa ya ƙirƙiri tsarin kasuwanci wanda yanzu aka sani da sarrafa rayuwar samfuran (PLM). A cewar François Castaing, Mataimakin Shugaban Kamfanin Injiniya da Ci Gaban Samfura, mafi ƙanƙanta mai kera motoci na Amurka yana neman hanyar da za ta hanzarta aiwatar da ayyukan haɓaka samfuran don yin fafatawa da manyan masu fafatawa. An taimaka ci gaban XJC ta tsarin software mai taimakon kwamfuta (CAD) yana sa injiniyoyi su kasance masu amfani. A halin yanzu, sabbin hanyoyin sadarwa sun ba da damar magance rikice-rikice masu yuwuwa cikin sauri, don haka rage sauye-sauyen injiniyoyi masu tsada, saboda duk zane-zane da takardu suna cikin babban bayanan bayanai. [1] Tsarin ya yi tasiri sosai wanda bayan da Chrysler ya sayi AMC a 1987, ya fadada tsarin a cikin kasuwancinsa, ta haka ya haɗa duk wanda ke da hannu wajen ƙira da gina kayayyaki. [1]

Don haka Grand Cherokee ya zama samfurin Jeep na farko mai lamba Chrysler. Ayyukan ci gaba don sabon samfurin Jeep ya ci gaba kuma ma'aikatan Chrysler (bayan sayen 1987 na AMC) sun yi marmarin ranar saki na 1980; duk da haka, Shugaba Lee Iacocca yana matsawa don sake fasalin ƙananan motocin Chrysler, don haka jinkirta sakin Grand Cherokee har zuwa ƙarshen 1992 a matsayin mai fafatawa a Explorer . Ba kamar Explorer ba, Grand Cherokee ya yi amfani da ginin monocoque (unibody), yayin da Explorer ta samo asali ne daga ɗaukar Ranger tare da keɓantaccen tsarin-kan-firam . An ƙirƙira sigar mai alamar Dodge a matsayin taka tsantsan idan dillalan Jeep ke kokawa don ɗaukar rukunin Grand Cherokee da yawa.

Grand Cherokee ya yi muhawara cikin babban salo a Nunin Mota na Kasa da Kasa na Arewacin Amurka na 1992 a Detroit, Michigan . Motar da aka tuka ita ce Poppy Red Clear Coat 1993 Grand Cherokee ZJ Laredo tare da rigar quartz ciki da kujerun guga na baya. Sa'an nan kuma shugaban Chrysler Robert Lutz ya kori magajin garin Detroit, Coleman Young, daga Gidan Majalisar Wakilai ta Arewa na Jefferson a Arewacin Jefferson Avenue ta hanyar 'yan sanda zuwa Cobo Hall, sama da matakan Cobo Hall kuma ta hanyar gilashin gilashi don nuna sabon motar. An fara sayar da shekarar ƙirar 1993 Grand Cherokee a cikin Afrilu 1992.

An fara samar da Grand Cherokee jim kadan bayan haka a cikin majalissar Jefferson North da aka gina a Detroit, Michigan. An kera Grand Cherokee na Turai a Ostiriya ta Magna Steyr . Grand Cherokee "ya taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen farfado da arzikin Chrysler ta hanyar motsa shi zuwa kasuwa mai tasowa don manyan motoci masu amfani da wasanni."

Bayan gabatar da ita, ita ce farkon kera mota mai cikakken ƙarfi a cikin Amurka ta amfani da HFC-134a refrigerant a madadin HCFC-12 don tsarin HVAC.

ƙarni na farko (ZJ; 1993)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

1993-1998 Jeep Grand Cherokee (Amurka)
1993 Jeep Grand Cherokee Laredo (Amurka)

An ƙaddamar da ainihin Grand Cherokee a cikin 1992 a matsayin abin hawa na shekara ta 1993 a cikin ɓangaren SUV na alatu. Samfurin "ZJ", wanda aka kera daga 1992 har zuwa 1998, asali sun zo ne cikin matakan datsa guda uku: tushe (wanda kuma aka sani da SE), Laredo, da Limited, an ƙara abubuwan da suka biyo baya, gami da Orvis (MY 95-98) da TSI (MY97-). 98). Samfurin tushe ya haɗa da fasalulluka kamar cikakken kayan aiki, kayan ciki, da daidaitaccen watsa mai saurin sauri biyar, yayin samun sunan moniker "SE" don shekarar ƙirar 1994. Gilashin wutar lantarki da makullai ba daidaitattun kayan aiki bane akan datsa tushe. Bambancin alamar farashi mafi ƙanƙanta ya haifar da ƙarancin buƙatun mabukaci, kuma a sakamakon haka, ƙirar ƙananan layi ta ƙarshe ta ƙare. Ƙarin daidaitattun fasalulluka sun haɗa da jakar iska ta gefen direba da tsarin hana kulle ƙafafu (ABS). Laredo shine ƙirar tsakiyar sikelin tare da daidaitattun fasalulluka waɗanda suka haɗa da tagogin wuta, makullin ƙofa na wuta, sarrafa jirgin ruwa, da tuƙi mai nannade fata. Siffofin waje sun haɗa da farantin filastik matsakaici- launin toka a kan ƙananan jiki da ƙafafun gami mai magana guda biyar. Limited shine ƙirar ƙira mai ƙima, mai nuna ƙananan launi na jikin jiki, da lafazin waje na zinariya. Har ila yau, Limited tana alfahari da daidaitattun fasalulluka irin su wurin zama na fata, madubai masu zafi, kujerun wutar lantarki na gaba, tsarin shigarwa mara nauyi, itacen ciki appliqué, ƙirar gami da yadin da aka saka, cibiyar bayanan direba tare da kamfas, sarrafa yanayi na dijital, madubi na baya na electrochromic, da Jensen sitiriyo sitiriyo tare da madaidaicin band-band. A shekarar 1996 jerin zaɓuka sun girma har sun haɗa da kujeru masu zafi. Standard shine 4.0 L engine, 5.2 L V8 (da 5.9 L a 1998) kasancewa na zaɓi, kamar yadda yake tare da sauran samfuran. Rukunin fakitin tare da matakan datsa iri-iri sun haɗa da: fitulun hazo, da faranti, da kuma dacewa, walƙiya, alatu, ƙarfi, tsaro, da fakitin tirela.

Lokacin da aka fara gabatar da ita a cikin Afrilu 1992 a matsayin farkon abin hawa na shekara ta 1993, Grand Cherokee yana da zaɓin tashar wutar lantarki guda ɗaya kawai: 4.0 L AMC - injin madaidaiciya-shida ya samo asali wanda ya yi 190 horsepower (193 PS; 142 kW) . Wannan ya zama injin "girma" na Grand Cherokee. Zaɓuɓɓukan watsawa sun haɗa da watsawa ta atomatik mai sauri huɗu (farkon samar da ZJs da aka yi amfani da AW4-A500SE (daga baya 42RE) ya maye gurbin AW4 a ƙarshen rabin shekarar ƙirar 1993) ko Aisin AX15 watsawa . Ƙananan buƙatun watsawa na hannu ya haifar da dakatar da shi bayan 1994, amma ZJs na kasuwa na Turai sun riƙe shi lokacin da aka haɗa shi da injin diesel (wanda babu shi a Arewacin Amirka). Zaɓuɓɓukan jirgin ƙasa sun haɗa da tuƙi ta baya ko tuƙi mai ƙafa huɗu . A cikin 1995, an rage ƙimar injin ɗin da 5 horsepower (5 PS; 4 kW) zuwa 185 horsepower (188 PS; 138 kW) saboda sabbin dokokin EPA da suka fara daga shekarar ƙirar 1996.


A cikin 1997, don shekarar ƙirar 1998, an gabatar da bambance-bambancen babban matakin Grand Cherokee Limited, "5.9 Limited" an gabatar da shi. Tallace-tallacen Jeep sun yi iƙirarin cewa ita ce "motar mai amfani da wasanni mafi sauri a duniya", wanda gwaji na ɓangare na uku ya tabbatar. Babban haɓakawa a cikin nau'in 5.9 Limited ya haɗa da 245 horsepower (248 PS; 183 kW) 5.9 Injin L OHV V8, watsawa ta atomatik 46RE mai nauyi mai nauyi, aikin murhu mai cire zafi mai aiki, grille mai launi na musamman mai faɗin ramin jiki tare da abubuwan da aka saka raga, gyare-gyaren rocker na musamman, ƙarancin ƙarancin ƙuntatawa tare da tukwici na chrome inci uku, ƙaramin bayanin martaba. rufin rufin, da ƙafafun 16" Ultra-Star na musamman. Kamfanin 5.9 Limited ya kuma sami madaidaicin amp 150 da fan mai sanyaya wutar lantarki mai sauri 2. Sauran fasalulluka sun haɗa da daidaitaccen tsarin sauti na 180-watt, mai magana 10 Infinity Gold tsarin sauti mai sauti mai rufin baya, daidaitaccen rufin rana, da kuma wani ciki wanda aka swaddled tare da musamman "ƙwanƙarar maraƙi" fata mai laushi da datsa itacen faux. An ba da 5.9 Limited "4 × 4 na Shekara" don 1998 ta mujallar Petersen's 4-Wheel & Off-Road . Samfuran wannan samfurin ya kasance raka'a 14,286.

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