Lalacewar Bell

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Lalacewar Bell
Bells palsy diagram.svg
Description (en) Fassara
Iri facial paralysis (en) Fassara, palsy (en) Fassara
particular disease (en) Fassara
Specialty (en) Fassara neurology (en) Fassara
Suna saboda Charles Bell (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10-CM G51.0
ICD-9-CM 351.0
DiseasesDB 1303
MedlinePlus 000773
eMedicine 000773
MeSH D020330
Disease Ontology ID DOID:12506

Lalacewar Bell wani nau'in ciwon fuska ne wanda ke haifar da rashin iya sarrafa tsokoki a gefen da abin ya shafa.[1] Kwayar cutar za ta iya bambanta daga mai laushi zuwa mai tsanani.[1] Zasu iya haɗawa da murɗa tsoka, rauni, ko asarar ikon motsa ɗaya ko da wuya ɓangarorin biyu na fuska.[1] Sauran bayyanar cututtuka sun haɗa da zubar da fatar ido, canji a cikin dandano, jin zafi a kusa da kunne, da haɓaka ji na sauti.[1] Yawanci alamu suna zuwa sama da awanni 48.[1]

Ba a san musabbabin Lalacewar Bell ba.[1] Abubuwan haɗari sun haɗa da ciwon sukari, kamuwa da cuta na sama na kwanan nan, da ciki.[1][2] Yana fitowa daga lalacewar jijiyar cranial VII (jijiyoyin fuska).[1] Dayawa sun yi imani cewa wannan ya faru ne sakamakon kamuwa da cuta da kwayar cuta wanda ke haifar da kumburi.[1] Bayyanar cututtuka ya danganta ne da bayyanar mutum da kuma fitar da wasu dalilai masu yuwuwar.[1] Sauran yanayin da zai iya haifar da rauni a fuska sun hada da ciwan kwakwalwa, bugun jini, Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2, myasthenia gravis, da cutar Lyme.[3]

Yanayin yana samun sauki ta hanyar kansa tare da mafi yawan cimma aiki na yau da kullun ko na yau da kullun.[1] An samo Corticosteroids don inganta sakamako, yayin da magungunan rigakafi na iya zama ƙaramin ƙarin fa'ida.[4] Yakamata a kiyaye ido daga bushewa tare da amfani da saukad da ido ko kuma sanya ido.[1] Ba a bada shawarar tiyata gaba ɗaya.[1] Sau da yawa alamun haɓakawa suna farawa a cikin kwanaki 14, tare da cikakken murmurewa a cikin watanni shida.[1] Wasu kaɗan ba za su iya murmurewa gaba ɗaya ba ko kuma su sami maimaita bayyanar cututtuka.[1]

Lalacewar Bell shine mafi yawan sanadin gurguncewar jijiyar fuska mai gefe guda (70%).[3][5] Yana faruwa a cikin 1 zuwa 4 ga mutane 10,000 a shekara.[3] Kimanin kashi 1.5% na mutane suna shafar wani lokaci a rayuwarsu.[6] Mafi yawanci yakan faru ne a cikin mutane tsakanin shekaru 15 zuwa 60.[1] Maza da mata suna shafar daidai.[1] An ambaci sunan ne bayan likitan tiyata na Scotland Charles Bell (1774-1818), wanda ya fara bayanin haɗin jijiyar fuska da yanayin.[1]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 "Bell's Palsy Fact Sheet". NINDS. February 5, 2016. Archived from the original on 8 April 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  2. Hussain, A; Nduka, C; Moth, P; Malhotra, R (May 2017). "Bell's facial nerve palsy in pregnancy: a clinical review". Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology : The Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 37 (4): 409–15. doi:10.1080/01443615.2016.1256973. PMID 28141956.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Fuller, G; Morgan, C (31 March 2016). "Bell's palsy syndrome: mimics and chameleons". Practical Neurology. 16 (6): 439–44. doi:10.1136/practneurol-2016-001383. PMID 27034243.
  4. Gagyor, Ildiko; Madhok, Vishnu B.; Daly, Fergus; Somasundara, Dhruvashree; Sullivan, Michael; Gammie, Fiona; Sullivan, Frank (2015-11-09). "Antiviral treatment for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)" (PDF). The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (11): CD001869. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001869.pub8. ISSN 1469-493X. PMID 26559436.
  5. Dickson, Gretchen (2014). Primary Care ENT, An Issue of Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 138. ISBN 978-0323287173. Archived from the original on 2016-08-20.
  6. Grewal, D. S. (2014). Atlas of Surgery of the Facial Nerve: An Otolaryngologist's Perspective. Jaypee Brothers Publishers. p. 46. ISBN 978-9350905807. Archived from the original on 2016-08-20.