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Mongoliyawa a China

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Mongoliyawa a China
Jimlar yawan jama'a
6,290,204
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Sin
Kabilu masu alaƙa
Mongols (en) Fassara
Jakadun Mongol a kotun China. Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des larduna Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665

Mongols a China ko Chanisancin ongoliya 'yan ƙabilar Mongoliya ne waɗanda suka kasance cikin gida kuma aka haɗa su cikin ginin ƙasar Jamhuriyar Sin (1912-1949) bayan faduwar Masarautar Qing (1636-1911). Waɗanda ba a haɗa su ba sun ɓace a cikin Juyin Juya Halin Mongoliya na 1911 kuma a cikin 1921 . Jamhuriyar China ta amince Mongols su zama wani bangare na tsere guda biyar karkashin kungiya daya . Wanda ya gaje shi, Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin (1949-), ya amince da Mongols su zama ɗaya daga cikin ƙananan kabilu 55 na China.

Kamar yadda , akwai Mongoliya miliyan 5.8 a China. Yawancin su suna zaune ne a cikin Mongoliya ta ciki, arewa maso gabashin China, Xinjiang da Qinghai . Yawan Mongol a China ya ninka na Mongoliya mai mulkin kai ninki biyu.

Rarraba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An raba Mongols a China tsakanin yankuna masu zaman kansu da larduna kamar haka:

  • 68.72%: Yankin Mongoliya mai cin gashin kansa
  • 11.52%: Liaoning lardin
  • 2.96%: Lardin Jilin
  • 2.92%: Lardin Hebei
  • 2.58%: Yankin Xinjiang Uyghur mai cin gashin kansa
  • 2.43%: Lardin Heilongjiang
  • 1.48%: Lardin Qinghai
  • 1.41%: Lardin Henan
  • 5.98%: Sauran ƙasar China

Bayan yankin Mongoliya mai cin gashin kansa, akwai wasu kananan hukumomin gudanarwa na Mongol masu cin gashin kansu a kasar Sin.

Matsayin lardi:

  • Haixi Mongol da yankin Tibet mai cin gashin kansa (a Qinghai)
  • Bayingolin Mongol mai cin gashin kansa (a Xinjiang)
  • Gundumar Bortala Mongol mai cin gashin kanta (a Xinjiang)

Matsayin gundumar:

  • Weichang Manchu da Mongol mai cin gashin kansa (a Hebei)
  • Yankin Mongol mai cin gashin kansa na Harqin (a Liaoning)
  • Fuxin Mongol County mai cin gashin kansa (a Liaoning)
  • Qian Gorlos Mongol County mai cin gashin kansa (a Jilin)
  • Dorbod Mongol mai cin gashin kansa (a Heilongjiang)
  • Subei Mongol County mai cin gashin kansa (a Gansu)
  • Yankin Mongol mai cin gashin kansa (a Qinghai)
  • Hoboksar Mongol County mai cin gashin kansa (a Xinjiang)

Rarraba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hoton Yvette Borup Andrews a cikin 1920

Ƙasar Sin ta rarrabe ƙungiyoyin Mongoliya daban -daban kamar Buryats da Oirats a cikin rukuni guda kamar na Mongol tare da Mongols na ciki. Wata ƙabila da ba Mongoliya ba, Tuvans kuma China ta sanya su a matsayin Mongols. [1] Harshen hukuma da ake amfani da shi ga duk waɗannan Mongoliya a China shine ma'aunin adabi dangane da yaren Chahar na Mongol. [2]

Wasu al'ummomin da gwamnatin Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin ta ayyana a matsayin Mongols a hukumance ba sa magana da kowane nau'in yaren Mongolic . Irin waɗannan al'ummomin sun haɗa da Sichuan Mongols (yawancinsu suna magana da sigar yaren Naic ), Yunnan Mongols (yawancinsu suna magana da yaren Loloish ), da Mongols na Henan Mongol Autonomous County a Qinghai (yawancinsu suna magana da Amdo Tibetan. da/ko Sinanci ).

Ƙungiyoyi masu dangantaka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ba duk ƙungiyoyin mutanen da ke da alaƙa da Mongoliya na da da aka ware a hukumance a matsayin Mongols a ƙarƙashin tsarin yanzu. Sauran ƙabilun hukuma a China waɗanda ke magana da yaren Mongolic sun haɗa da:

  • Dongxiang na lardin Gansu
  • da Monguor na Qinghai da Gansu Lardunan
  • Daur na Mongoliya ta ciki
  • Bonan na lardin Gansu
  • wasu Yugurs na Lardin Gansu (sauran Yugur suna magana da yaren Turkic )
  • Kuangjia Hui na lardin Qinghai

Sanannen mutane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Sengge Rinchen, mai martaba daular Qing da janar
  • Ulanhu, ɗan siyasa, tsohon Shugaban Inong Mongolia, tsohon Mataimakin Shugaban Jamhuriyar Jama'a
  • Bayanqolu, Sakataren Jam'iyyar Kwaminis na Lardin Jilin, tsohon Sakataren Jam'iyyar na Ningbo
  • Uyunqimg, tsohon Mataimakin Shugaban Kwamitin Dindindin na Majalisar Jama'a ta Kasa
  • Fu Ying, Mataimakin Ministan Harkokin Waje, tsohon jakadan Birtaniya, Australia da Philippines
  • Li Siguang, masanin ilimin ƙasa, wanda ya kafa geomechanics na China
  • Yang Shixian, masanin kimiyya, kansila na Jami'ar Nankai
  • Siqin Gaowa, actress
  • Mengke Bateer, dan wasan kwallon kwando na CBA da NBA
  • Bao Xishun, daya daga cikin mutane mafi tsayi a duniya
  • Tengger, mawaƙin pop/rock
  • Buren Bayaer, mawaƙa, mawaki da wasan barkwanci
  • Uudam, mawaƙin yara
  • Huugjilt, mutumin da aka kashe bisa kuskure a 1996
  • Zhang Xiaoping
  • Chinggeltei (1924–2013), masanin harshe, ɗaya daga cikin ƙwararrun ƙwararrun masana kan yaren Khitan
  • Jalsan, masanin harshe kuma jagoran addinin Buddha
  • Batdorj-in Baasanjab, actor
  • Xiao Qian, mai ilimi
  • Bai Xue, lauya kuma masanin shari’a
  • Bai Yansong, anga TV
  • Han Lei, mawaƙin pop
  • Wang Lijun, babban shugaban 'yan sanda kuma ɗan siyasa
  • Bai Wenqi, Laftanar Janar na Sojojin Sama na PLA
  • Ulan, mataimakin shugaban jam'iyyar na lardin Hunan
  • Qilu, Daraktan Sabbin Kayayyakin Makamashi da Dakin Fasaha na Jami'ar Peking

Hotuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ambato[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

Majiyoyi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Mongush, M. V. "Tuvans of Mongolia and China." International Journal of Central Asian Studies, 1 (1996), 225-243. Talat Tekin, ed. Seoul: Inst. of Asian Culture & Development.
  2. "Öbür mongγul ayalγu bol dumdadu ulus-un mongγul kelen-ü saγuri ayalγu bolqu büged dumdadu ulus-un mongγul kelen-ü barimǰiy-a abiy-a ni čaqar aman ayalγun-du saγurilaγsan bayidaγ." (Sečenbaγatur et al. 2005: 85).