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Mozambik metical

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Mozambik metical
kuɗi
Bayanai
Suna saboda mithqal (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Mozambik
Applies to jurisdiction (en) Fassara Mozambik
Central bank/issuer (en) Fassara Bank of Mozambique (en) Fassara
Lokacin farawa 16 ga Yuni, 1980
Unit symbol (en) Fassara MT
Kwandala ta Mozambique

Metical / / ˈmɛtɪ ˌkæl / ; [ 1 ]  : meticais ) kudin Mozambik, wanda aka gajarta da alamar MZN ko MT . An raba shi da sunan suna zuwa centavos 100. Sunan metical ya fito daga Larabci مثقال ( mithqāl ), [1] naúrar nauyi da madadin suna don tsabar kudin dinari na gwal wanda aka yi amfani da shi a cikin yawancin Afirka har zuwa karni na 19.[2]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Metical na farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Metical ya maye gurbin escudo a ranar 16 ga Yuni 1980.[3][4] An raba shi zuwa centavos 100 . Metical ya fuskanci matsanancin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki . Bayan kimanta darajar Romanian leu a ranar 1 ga Yuli 2005, metical a taƙaice ya zama mafi ƙanƙantar ƙimar kuɗi, akan darajar kusan meticais 24,500 a kowace dalar Amurka, har sai dalar Zimbabwe ta ɗauki taken a ƙarshen Agusta 2005.

Metical na biyu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 1 ga Yuli, 2006, Mozambik ta sake bayyana ma'aunin awo a cikin adadin 1000:1. Sabuwar lambar ISO 4217 ita ce  . An gabatar da sababbin tsabar kudi da takardun banki a ranar 1 ga Yuli, 2006, kuma lokacin tsaka-tsakin lokacin da za a iya amfani da tsofaffi da sababbin meticais har zuwa Disamba 31, 2006. A lokacin canjin, an takaita sabon kudin a cikin gida da MTn, amma tun daga lokacin ya koma MT.

Bankin Mozambique ya fanshi tsofaffin meticis na tsawon shekaru shida, har zuwa 31 ga Disamba, 2012.

Tsabar kudi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Metical na farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1980, an gabatar da tsabar kudi a cikin ƙungiyoyin centavos 50, 1, , 5, 10 da 20 meticis. 50 centavos, da 5 meticis an haƙa su a cikin aluminium, tare da metical 1 a cikin tagulla da meticais 10 da 20 a cikin cupro-nickel. A cikin 1986, an gabatar da aluminum 1, 10, 20 da 50 meticis. Wani sabon tsabar kudin da aka bayar a cikin 1994 ya ƙunshi 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 da 1000 meticis, tare da ƙananan ƙungiyoyi huɗu a cikin ƙarfe mai sanye da tagulla da manyan ƙungiyoyi a cikin ƙarfe na nickel. An gabatar da tsabar meticais 5000 a cikin 1998, sannan meticais 10,000 suka biyo baya a 2003.

Metical na biyu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daga Yuli 1, 2006, an ba da tsabar kudi a cikin ƙungiyoyi na 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 centavos da 1, 2, 5, 10 meticis.[5][6][7][8]

Takardun kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Metical na farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Metical na Farko yana da batutuwa uku na bayanin kula kamar haka: i. A cikin 1980 (16 Yuni 1980), an gabatar da bayanin kula a cikin ƙungiyoyin 50, 100, 500 da 1,000 meticis. ii An sake fitar da irin wannan bayanin kula da dariku a cikin 1983 (16 Yuni 1983) tare da sabon tambarin jiha, an gabatar da bayanan meticai 5,000 a cikin 1989 (3 Fabrairu 1989). iii. A cikin 1991 (16 Yuni 1991) 500, 1,000, 5,000, da 10,000 bayanin kula an ba da su sannan 50,000 da 100,000 meticis a 1993 (16 Yuni 1993), 20,000 meticais (5,000), da 60,000 meticis a cikin 1999. 00,000 meticis a cikin 2003 (16 Yuni 2003).

Metical na biyu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daga Yuli 1, 2006, an fitar da sababbin takardun banki a cikin ƙungiyoyi na 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, da 1000 meticis. A ranar 1 ga Oktoba, 2011, Banco de Moçambique ya fitar da sabon iyali na takardun kuɗi waɗanda suka yi kama da jerin 2006, amma tare da ingantaccen fasalin tsaro. Yanzu ana buga ƙananan ƙungiyoyi uku akan polymer yayin da manyan ƙungiyoyin ke ci gaba da buga su akan takarda. De La Rue ne ke buga mafi girman takardun kudi na metical.[9] On October 1, 2011, Banco de Moçambique has issued a new family of banknotes that are similar to the 2006 series, but with enhanced security features. The three smaller denominations are now printed on polymer while the higher denominations remain printed on paper. The higher denominated metical banknotes are printed by De La Rue.[10][11][12][13]

Bayanan banki na metical Mozambique (16.06.2006 "Samora Machel" Batun)
Hoto Daraja Banda Juya baya Alamar ruwa
[1] 20 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Rhinoceros Samora Moisés Machel
[2] 50 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Kudus Samora Moisés Machel
[3] 100 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Giraffes Samora Moisés Machel
[4] 200 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Zakuna Samora Moisés Machel
[5] 500 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Buffaloes Samora Moisés Machel
[6] 1000 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Giwaye Samora Moisés Machel
Bayanan banki na metical Mozambique (16.06.2011 "Samora Machel" Batun)
Hoto Daraja Banda Juya baya Alamar ruwa
[7] 20 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Rhinoceros Samora Moisés Machel
[8] 50 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Kudus Samora Moisés Machel
[9] 100 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Giraffes Samora Moisés Machel
[10] 200 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Zakuna Samora Moisés Machel
[11] 500 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Buffaloes Samora Moisés Machel
[12] 1000 meticis Samora Moisés Machel Giwaye Samora Moisés Machel

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Metical" in Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa com Acordo Ortográfico. Porto Editora, Porto, 2003-2015. Accessed 1 April 2015. (in Portuguese)
  2. Johnson, Marion (1968), "The Nineteenth-Century Gold 'Mithqal' in West and North Africa", The Journal of African History, Cambridge University Press, 9 (4): 547–569, doi:10.1017/s0021853700009038, ISSN 0021-8537, JSTOR 180144, S2CID 161545754
  3. Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Mozambique". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, California: www.BanknoteNews.com.
  4. Peter Symes. "The Banknotes of Mozambique; Independence Issues – 1975 to 1989". www.pjsymes.com.au. Retrieved 2014-07-07.
  5. Mozambique new 20-, 50-, and 100-meticais notes confirmed Archived 2011-09-17 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
  6. Mozambique new 200-meticais note confirmed Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  7. Mozambique new 500-meticais note confirmed Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  8. Mozambique new 1,000-meticais note confirmed Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2006-06-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. Mozambique new 20-, 50-, and 100-meticais notes confirmed Archived 2011-09-17 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
  11. Mozambique new 200-meticais note confirmed Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  12. Mozambique new 500-meticais note confirmed Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  13. Mozambique new 1,000-meticais note confirmed Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-30.