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Mutanen Korowai

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Mutanen Korowai
Jimlar yawan jama'a
3
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Indonesiya
Kabilu masu alaƙa
Papuan people (en) Fassara

Korowai, wanda kuma ake kira Kolufo, su ne mutanen da ke zaune a kudu maso gabashin Papua a cikin lardunan Indonesia ta Kudu Papua da Highland Papua . Musamman yankin kabilarsu ya rabu ta iyakokin Boven Digoel Regency, Mappi Regency, Asmat Regency, da kuma Yahukimo Regency . Yawansu ya kai kimanin mutane 3,000.[1]

A cewar jaridar Daily Telegraph, "Har zuwa karshen shekarun 1970, lokacin da masana ilimin dan adam suka fara nazarin kabilar, Korowai ba su da masaniya game da wanzuwar wasu al'ummomi banda su"[2]

Harshen Korowai na dangin Awyu – Dumut ne (kudu maso gabashin Papua) kuma wani yanki ne na phylum na Trans–New Guinea . Wani masanin harshe na mishan na Holland ne ya samar da ƙamus da littafin nahawu.

Yawancin dangin Korowai suna zaune ne a cikin gidajen bishiya a yankin da suke keɓe.[3]

Tun daga 1980 wasu sun ƙaura zuwa ƙauyukan Yaniruma da aka buɗe kwanan nan a bakin kogin Becking (yankin Kombai –Korowai), Mu, da Mbasman (yankin Korowai – Citak). A cikin 1987, an buɗe ƙauye a Manggél, a cikin Yafufla (1988), Mabül a bakin kogin Eilanden (1989), da Khaiflambolüp (1998).

Adadin rashin zuwa ƙauyen har yanzu yana da yawa, saboda ɗan ɗan gajeren nisa tsakanin matsuguni da albarkatun abinci ( sago ).[4][5]

Tattalin Arziki

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Korowai ƴan farauta ne da masu noman noma waɗanda ke yin aikin noma . Suna da kyakkyawan ƙwarewar farauta da kamun kifi.

Bayanai game da tsarin kasuwancin Korowai ba su da yawa. Mutanen Korowai suna da wasu ayyukan da suka shafi jinsi, kamar shirye-shiryen sago da gudanar da bukukuwan addini wanda manyan maza kawai ke shiga.

Wasu Korowai tun farkon shekarun 1990 sun sami matsakaicin kuɗin shiga ta hanyar yin aiki tare da kamfanonin yawon buɗe ido da ke siyar da balaguro zuwa yankin Korowai. A cikin masana'antar yawon shakatawa, dama ta iyakance ga karɓar ƙungiyoyin yawon shakatawa a ƙauyuka don liyafar sago da masu yawon buɗe ido ke ɗaukar nauyi, ɗaukar kaya, da yin nunin gargajiya.

Rayuwar zamantakewa

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tsarin jagoranci ya dogara ne akan halayen manyan mutane, maimakon kan cibiyoyi. Yakin tsaka-tsaki yana faruwa ne saboda tsafi da rikice-rikice masu alaƙa da sihiri .

Rayuwar addini

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Duniyar Korowai tana cike da ruhohi iri-iri, wasu sun fi wasu halaye na sirri. Ana girmamawa musamman ga jajayen mahalicci allah Gimigi. Korowai suna ba da muhimmiyar rawa a rayuwarsu ta yau da kullun na girmama “Allah ɗaya” tare da wanda ake amfani da shi azaman babban abin bautawa wanda ko dai ya fito daga gare shi ko kuma wanda duk wasu suke girmama shi.

Sau ɗaya a rayuwa, dangin Korowai dole ne su shirya bikin sago grub don haɓaka wadata da haihuwa cikin salon al'ada. A lokacin wahala suna sadaukar da aladun gida ga ruhin kakanni.

Korowai suna da al'adar baka ta ban mamaki da wadata: tatsuniyoyi, tatsuniyoyi, maganganu da laya ( sihiri ) da al'adun gargajiya . Game da mutuwa da kuma bayan rayuwa Korowai sun yi imani da wanzuwar nau'in reincarnation mai ma'ana: waɗanda suka mutu za a iya mayar da su a kowane lokaci zuwa ƙasar masu rai, da danginsu a ƙasar matattu, domin su sake reincarnate. a cikin sabon jariri na danginsu.

Raderadin cin naman mutane

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ba da rahoton Korowai na yin cin naman mutane na al'ada har zuwa yau. Masana ilimin halayyar dan adam na zargin cewa yanzu ba a daina cin naman mutane daga kabilar Korowai wadanda suka saba hulda da mutanen waje.[6] Rahotanni na baya-bayan nan sun nuna cewa an kori wasu dangi don karfafa yawon shakatawa ta hanyar ci gaba da tatsuniyar cewa cin naman mutane har yanzu al'ada ce. Mambobin kabilar Momuna, ‘yar uwar kabilar Korowai, wadanda kabilarsu ba ta yin cin naman mutane, sun bayyana cewa Korowai na yin cin naman mutane a matsayin wani nau’i na hukunci ba don dalilai na tsafi ba.[7]

Babban gine -ginen gine-gine na gidajen Korowai, wanda ke sama da matakan ruwa na ambaliya, wani nau'i ne na kariyar kariyar kariya - don tarwatsa dangi masu hamayya daga kama mutane (musamman mata da yara) don bautar ko cin nama. Tsayin tsayi da kauri na katako na gama-gari kuma yana ba da kariya ga gidan daga harin kone -kone da ake kunna bukkoki da hayaƙi mazauna

  1. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2017-12-13. Retrieved 2023-12-11.
  2. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/indonesia/7879391/Indonesian-tribe-officially-recognised-as-tree-dwellers.html
  3. https://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/human-planet-sustainable-living-korowai-tribe-and-tree-houses/11965.html
  4. http://factsanddetails.com/indonesia/Minorities_and_Regions/sub6_3j/entry-4039.html
  5. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2023-12-11.
  6. http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/korowai-tree-houses
  7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S4quEQW3TFA&t=1166s