Nizhny Novgorod

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Globe icon.svg Nizhny Novgorod
Flag of Russia.svg Rasha
NN 07-08-2020 02.jpg
Flag of Nizhny Novgorod.svg Coat of Arms of Nizhny Novgorod.svg
Administration
Sovereign stateRasha
Oblast of RussiaNizhny Novgorod Oblast (en) Fassara
Urban okrug in RussiaNizhny Novgorod Urban Okrug (en) Fassara
babban birniNizhny Novgorod
Head of government Vladimir Panov (en) Fassara
Official name Нижний Новгород
Нижний Новгород
Горький
Ніжні Ноўгарад
Горкі
Ніжні Ноўгарад
Nyizsnyij Novgorod
Gorkij
Nyizsnyij Novgorod
Горький
Original labels Нижний Новгород
Poste-code 603000–603999
Geography
Coordinates 56°19′37″N 44°00′27″E / 56.326944444444°N 44.0075°E / 56.326944444444; 44.0075Coordinates: 56°19′37″N 44°00′27″E / 56.326944444444°N 44.0075°E / 56.326944444444; 44.0075
Nnovgorod in Europe.png
Area 410.6 km²
Altitude 200 m
Borders with Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (en) Fassara, Bor (en) Fassara, Dzerzhinsk (en) Fassara da Kstovo (en) Fassara
Demography
Population 1,264,075 inhabitants (2017)
Density 3,078.6 inhabitants/km²
Other information
Foundation 1221
Telephone code 831
Time Zone UTC+03:00 (en) Fassara
Sister cities Essen, Linz (en) Fassara, Philadelphia, Tampere (en) Fassara, Kharkiv (en) Fassara, Novi Sad (en) Fassara, Miniska, Jinan, Matanzas (en) Fassara, Suwon (en) Fassara, Sant Boi de Llobregat (en) Fassara, Sukhumi (en) Fassara, Győr (en) Fassara, Bălți (en) Fassara, Dobrich (en) Fassara, Heraklion (en) Fassara, Hefei (en) Fassara, Simferopol (en) Fassara, Vilnius (en) Fassara da Barcelona
admgor.nnov.ru/

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin by aircraft.jpg

Nizhny Novgorod (colloquially sau da yawa - Lower) (Oktoba 7, 1932 zuwa Oktoba 22, 1990 - Gorky) - wani gari a Rasha, da Gudanarwa tsakiyar Volga Tarayya District da Nizhny Novgorod yankin.

Located in zuciyar gabas Turai Bayyana, a confluence na Oka da Volga. Oka ya raba birnin kashi biyu - da wa'azi akan "babba", kuma duwãtsu a kan Dyatlov Zarechnaya "ƙananan" a kan ta hagu low-kwance gaci.

Birnin da aka kafa a 1221 by Prince Yuri Vsevolodovich na Vladimir. A 1500-1518 ya kasance wani dutse-gina Kremlin, wanda ba a dauki ko da sau daya a tarihi. Tun 1817, tare da canja wuri zuwa birnin Makarevskoy gaskiya, ya zama daya daga cikin mafi girma a shopping cibiyoyin a Rasha. A lokacin masana'antu na 1930s a cikin birnin da aka gina manyan kamfanonin aikin injiniya, ciki har da most auto giant - Gorky Automobile Shuka. A lokacin girma Patriotic War na 1941-1945, birnin kuwa shi ne mafi girma a maroki na soja kayan aiki, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa bamai. Bayan yaki, birnin da aka bayar da Order of Lenin.

Yawan - 1,263,873 (2014), na biyar mafi yawan birnin a Rasha. City - tsakiyar agglomeration, wanda yana da yawan mutane miliyan 2.08.; shi ne na shida most a kasar da na biyu a tsakiya Volga. Birnin yankin - 466,5 km2.

Nizhny Novgorod - mai muhimmanci tattalin arziki da masana'antu tsakiyar Rasha, manyan kai cibiya. Birnin yana daya daga cikin mafi girma a cibiyoyin na kogin yawon shakatawa a Rasha. A tarihi na birnin arziki a cikin yawon shakatawa jan hankali da kuma na da muhimmanci yawon shakatawa makõma.

Yanayin Wuraren[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Nizhny Novgorod is located a confluence biyu manyan waterways na Turai na Rasha - da Volga da Oka koguna. Birnin ne zuwa kashi biyu sassa Oka: gabas tsaunuka daga duwãtsu, located a kan daidai banki na Oka da Volga na gudãna a arewacin-yammacin tip daga cikin Volga Uplands - Dyatlov duwãtsu da yamma (na gefen hagu banki na Oka da dama banki na Volga) lowland Zarechnaya. Oka estuary - da kasa tsakiyar gabas ta Turai Bayyana.

gani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Nizhny Novgorod - a birnin tare da wani arziki tarihin kusan 800 shekaru. A kan karkararta, a wannan lokaci, ya tara mai yawa tarihi da al'adu jan hankali da suka dimbin yawa na zamani image na birnin.

hotuna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wannan ƙasida guntuwa ce: tana buƙatar a inganta ta, kuna iya gyara ta.