Novosibirsk

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Sunset and the City (5863578159)

Novosibirsk — ta uku mafi yawan kuma goma sha biyu cikin sharuddan yankin birnin a Rasha, na da matsayi na birnin gundumar. A Gudanarwa tsakiyar Siberian Tarayya District, Novosibirsk yankin, da kuma kunshe a da membobinsu da Novosibirsk yankin. kamar yadda birnin yake tsakiyar Novosibirsk agglomeration - mafi girma a Siberia.

Kasuwanci, harkokin kasuwanci, al'adu, masana'antu, sufuri da kuma kimiyya cibiyar tarayya muhimmanci.

Kafa a 1893, da matsayin birnin samu a 1903.

ɓangaren da[gyarawa | Gyara masomin]

Novosibirsk is located a kudu maso gabashin ɓangare na West Siberian Bayyana a kan likitan mata tudu m ga likitan mata River kwarin, kusa da tafki kafa Dam Novosibirsk GES, a mahada daga cikin gandun daji da kuma steppe zones. Hagu banki na birnin ne lebur, dama bankin yayi wani iri-iri bim, ridges kuma ravines, domin a nan zai fara miƙa mulki ga dutsen taimako Salair Ridge. Birnin da kuma m Zaeltsovskiy Kudryashovsky gandun daji, Novosibirsk tafki.

gani[gyarawa | Gyara masomin]

  • Novosibirsky Jihar ilimi Opera da rawa gidan wasan kwaikwayo (na daya yi ya faru a watan Mayu 12, 1945) - Rasha ta mafi girma a gidan wasan kwaikwayo gini, da abin tunawa na tarayya muhimmancin, alama ce birnin.
  • Tashar tashar jirgin "Novosibirsk-Main" (izini a 1939), da ginin da ake dimbin yawa kamar racing gabas kore locomotive.
  • Alexander Nevsky Cathedral - na farko da dutse gini a cikin birnin, bayan da tsarkake kawai 6 bayan shekara da matabbatarsu. Kusa da babban coci fara babban titi na Novosibirsk - Red Avenue.
  • Birane kasuwanci gidaje (yanzu Novosibirsk Yanki Museum) (yi kammala a shekarar 1911) - wani gine-gine abin tunawa na tarayya muhimmancin, tare da gidan wasan kwaikwayo na wasar kwaikwayo ta waka da kuma wasan kwaikwayo ta rawa gungu dokoki ne babban square na birnin - Lenin Square.
  • City shopping kungiyar soja (yanzu Novosibirsk Yanki Museum) (yi kammala a shekarar 1911) - wani gine-gine abin tunawa na tarayya muhimmancin, tare da gidan wasan kwaikwayo na wasar kwaikwayo ta waka da kuma wasan kwaikwayo ta rawa gungu dokoki ne babban square na birnin - Lenin Square.
  • Stokvartirny gidan (yi kammala a 1937) - wani gida gina ta shahara m AD Kryachkova, wani gine-gine abin tunawa na tarayya muhimmanci
  • gidan su. Lenin (yanzu Novosibirsk kungiyar) (yi kammala a 1925) - An gina a ƙwaƙwalwar na shugaban Oktoba juyin juya halin na 1917 a kasa da watanni 6. Domin wannan aikin da aka bayar katunan tare da image na asali ce ta ginin, wanda mutane da ake kira "tubalin" (kudin daya katin da aka 10 aninai - kudin daya bulo a lokaci). Katunan an sayar da mutane a mafi guntu yiwu lokaci.
  • Commercial Building gamuwa (gyara gidan wasan kwaikwayo "Red Tocilan") - wani gine-gine abin tunawa, mai ban mamaki gina a shekara ta 1914 by Alexander D. Kryachkova.
  • Novosibirsk Museum of Railway kayan aiki - The gidan kayan gargajiya ƙunshi babban tarin tururi locomotives, dizal locomotives, lantarki locomotives da motoci, kazalika da Soviet motoci. Jimlar tsawon da fairground ne game da uku kilomita. * Sauna locomotive abin tunawa FD21-3000 NALunin, kafa a ƙwaƙwalwar na ƙ ir ƙ iro na dogo kai
  • Novosibirsk metro gada a fadin likitan mata River, shi ne mafi tsawo gada jirgin karkashin kasa a duniya - da tsawon 2145 m * Novosibirsk tafki (likitan mata Sea, cike a 1957-1959) - a rare biki makõma kuma daban-daban gasa, jimlar fannin 1,082 km²
  • Novosibirsk Zoo, wanda yana da tarin fiye da 700 jinsunan (kusan 11 000 mutanen da 1 Janairu 2012);
  • Tsakiya Siberian Botanical Garden - mafi girma a cikin Asiya na Rasha (wurin a kan 1,000 kadada);
  • Yara Railway tsawon mafi girma daga 5 km, located in Zaeltsovsky gandun daji, kuma yana da 5 tashoshin.
  • Sun Museum - Rasha ta kawai gidan kayan gargajiya sadaukar domin da alamu da alamomin da rana.
  • Museum Alexander Pokryshkin - Rasha ta kawai tashar jirgin karkashin kasa - a gidan kayan gargajiya sadaukar domin Air Marshal kuma sau uku Hero na Tarayyar Soviet Alexander Pokryshkin.
  • Monument zuwa Alexander III a wurin shakatawa "Urban Home» likitan mata River. A bude akwai babban-jikan Sarkin sarakuna Bulus Kulikovskii Danish jama'a.
  • Novosibirsk Akademgorodok
  • A abin tunawa ga Vladimir Lenin a kan Square. Lenin. Ya bude Nuwamba 5, 1970 Bronze. Yana daya daga cikin abubuwa na al'adu gãdon tarayya muhimmancin. Multi-adadi abun da ke ciki: da dama daga cikin abin tunawa ga Vladimir Lenin uku Figures - ma'aikata, sojoji da peasants - alamar da tuki sojojin na juyin juya halin, hagu - da adadi boys da 'yan mata da yula-qazanta kunnuwa, daidai da cin gaba na zamaninsu. Sculptor JF Brodsky, gine-ginen IG Pokrovsky, SP Skoblikov, GN Burhanov.

kai[gyarawa | Gyara masomin]

Novosibirsk - most kai cibiya na Siberia: ratsa shi Trans-Siberian Railway, hanyar jirgin kasa da hanyõyi. A Novosibirsk, located iko da yamma Siberian Railway. Novosibirsk ya haɗu Siberia, Far East, Central Asia da Turai yankuna na Rasha. Human da ciniki gudana muhimmanci taimakawa wajen ci gaban birnin. Novosibirsk ne a bangaren kogin tashar jiragen ruwa.