Pharyngitis

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Pharyngitis
Pharyngitis.jpg
Description (en) Fassara
Iri upper respiratory tract disease (en) Fassara, pharyngeal diseases (en) Fassara, throat symptom (en) Fassara
disease (individual) (en) Fassara
Specialty (en) Fassara otolaryngology (en) Fassara
Treatment (en) Fassara
Magani cefaclor (en) Fassara, cefditoren (en) Fassara, azithromycin (en) Fassara, cefuroxime (en) Fassara, cefdinir (en) Fassara, (E)-cefprozil (en) Fassara, cephalexin (en) Fassara, dirithromycin (en) Fassara, cefadroxil (en) Fassara, guaifenesin (en) Fassara, clarithromycin (en) Fassara, ceftibuten (en) Fassara, cefpodoxime proxetil (en) Fassara, ibuprofen (en) Fassara, levofloxacin hemihydrate (en) Fassara, cefpodoxime (en) Fassara, (E)-cefprozil (en) Fassara, cefdinir (en) Fassara, benzydamine (en) Fassara, dyclonine (en) Fassara, cefaclor (en) Fassara da cefditoren pivoxil (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10-CM J02 da J02.9
ICD-9-CM 462, 472 da 478.20
DiseasesDB 24580
MedlinePlus 000655
eMedicine 000655
MeSH D010612
Disease Ontology ID DOID:2275

Pharyngitis shine kumburin bayan makogwaro, wanda aka sani da pharynx.[1] Yawanci yana haifar da ciwon makogwaro da zazzabi.[1] Sauran alamomin na iya haɗawa da hanci mai tari, tari, ciwon kai, wahalar haɗiye, kumburin ƙwayoyin lymph, da ƙarar murya.[2][3] Alamun yawanci suna wuce kwanaki 3-5.[1] Matsalolin na iya haɗawa da sinusitis da kuma m otitis media.[1] pharyngitis wani nau'in kamuwa da cuta ne na numfashi na sama.[4]

Mafi yawan lokuta cutar kamuwa da cuta ce ke haifar da ita.[1] Maƙogwaro, ciwon ƙwayar cuta, shine sanadin kusan kashi 25% na yara da kashi 10% na manya.[1] Abubuwan da ba a saba gani ba sun haɗa da wasu ƙwayoyin cuta kamar gonorrhea, fungus, irritants irin su hayaki, allergies, da cututtukan gastroesophageal reflux.[1][5] Ba a ba da shawarar takamaiman gwaji a cikin mutanen da ke da bayyanannun alamun kamuwa da cuta ba, kamar mura.[1] In ba haka ba, ana ba da shawarar gwajin gano antigen mai sauri (RADT) ko swab na makogwaro.[1] Sauran yanayi waɗanda zasu iya haifar da irin wannan bayyanar cututtuka sun haɗa da epiglottitis, thyroiditis, retropharyngeal abscess, da cututtukan zuciya lokaci-lokaci.[1]

Ana iya amfani da NSAIDs, irin su ibuprofen, don taimakawa tare da ciwo.[1] Ƙunƙasar magunguna, kamar lidocaine, na iya taimakawa.[5] Yawanci ana bi da strep makogwaro tare da maganin rigakafi, kamar ko dai penicillin ko amoxicillin.[1] Steroids, lokacin da aka yi amfani da su tare da maganin rigakafi, matsakaicin ingantacciyar zafi da yuwuwar ƙuduri.[6]

Kimanin kashi 7.5% na mutane suna da ciwon makogwaro a cikin kowane lokaci na watanni 3.[7] Abubuwa biyu ko uku a cikin shekara ba bakon abu bane.[2] Wannan ya haifar da ziyarar likitoci miliyan 15 a Amurka a cikin 2007.[5] Pharyngitis shine mafi yawan abin da ke haifar da ciwon makogwaro.[8] Kalmar ta fito daga kalmar Helenanci pharynx ma'ana "maƙogwaro" da kuma kari -itis ma'ana "kumburi".[9][10]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Hildreth, AF; Takhar, S; Clark, MA; Hatten, B (September 2015). "Evidence-Based Evaluation And Management Of Patients With Pharyngitis In The Emergency Department". Emergency Medicine Practice. 17 (9): 1–16, quiz 16–7. PMID 26276908.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Rutter, Paul Professor; Newby, David (2015). Community Pharmacy ANZ: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment (in Turanci). Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 19. ISBN 9780729583459. Archived from the original on 8 September 2017.
  3. Neville, Brad W.; Damm, Douglas D.; Allen, Carl M.; Chi, Angela C. (2016). Oral and maxillofacial pathology (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier. p. 166. ISBN 9781455770526. OCLC 908336985.
  4. "Pharyngitis". National Library of Medicine. Archived from the original on 20 May 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Weber, R (March 2014). "Pharyngitis". Primary Care. 41 (1): 91–8. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2013.10.010. PMC 7119355. PMID 24439883.
  6. de Cassan, Simone; Thompson, Matthew J.; Perera, Rafael; Glasziou, Paul P.; Del Mar, Chris B.; Heneghan, Carl J.; Hayward, Gail (1 May 2020). "Corticosteroids as standalone or add-on treatment for sore throat". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 5: CD008268. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008268.pub3. ISSN 1469-493X. PMC 7193118. PMID 32356360.
  7. Jones, Roger (2004). Oxford Textbook of Primary Medical Care (in Turanci). Oxford University Press. p. 674. ISBN 9780198567820. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  8. Marx, John (2010). Rosen's emergency medicine: concepts and clinical practice (7th ed.). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Mosby/Elsevier. Chapter 30. ISBN 978-0-323-05472-0.
  9. Beachey, Will (2013). Respiratory Care Anatomy and Physiology, Foundations for Clinical Practice,3: Respiratory Care Anatomy and Physiology (in Turanci). Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 5. ISBN 978-0323078665. Archived from the original on 8 September 2017.
  10. Hegner, Barbara; Acello, Barbara; Caldwell, Esther (2009). Nursing Assistant: A Nursing Process Approach – Basics (in Turanci). Cengage Learning. p. 45. ISBN 9781111780500. Archived from the original on 8 September 2017.