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Tafiya

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Tsallakawa daga Fort Lee, gundumar Bergen, New Jersey, zuwa cikin Manhattan cikin manyan motoci masu nauyi a kan gadar George Washington, gadar abin hawa a duniya, tana jigilar motoci da manyan motoci kusan 300,000 kowace rana ta kogin Hudson .
tafiya cikin sahara

Hanyoyin zirga-zirgasun haɗa da masu tafiya a ƙasa, ababen hawa, dabbobin hawa ko kiwo, jiragen ƙasa, da sauran abubuwan da ke amfani da hanyoyin, jama'a (hanyoyi) don tafiye-tafiye da sufuri.

Dokokin zirga-zirgar ababen hawa suna tafiyar da zirga-zirgar ababen hawa, yayin da ka'idojin hanya sun hada da dokokin hanya da ka'idoji na yau da kullun, wadanda watakila an bunkasa su cikin lokaci don saukaka zirga-zirga cikin tsari da kan lokaci. Tsare-tsare zirga-zirga gabaɗaya yana da ingantattun abubuwan fifiko, tituna, dama-dama, da sarrafa zirga-zirga a mahadar.

Ƙungiya yawanci tana samar da ingantacciyar haɗin aminci da inganci. Abubuwan da ke kawo cikas ga zirga-zirgar ababen hawa kuma suna iya sa cunkoson ababen hawa su rikiɗe zuwa rashin tsari sun haɗa da gine- ginen hanya, karo da tarkace a kan titin . A kan manyan tituna masu cike da jama'a, ƙaramin rushewa na iya ci gaba a cikin wani al'amari da aka sani da igiyar ruwa . Cikakken rugujewar ƙungiya na iya haifar da cunkoson ababen hawa da gridlock . Kwaikwayo na zirga-zirgar zirga-zirga akai-akai sun haɗa da ka'idar jerin gwano, matakai na stochastic da ma'auni na ilimin lissafi na lissafi da ake amfani da su akan zirga-zirga .

Etymology da iri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Cunkoso a St. Louis, Missouri, farkon ƙarni na 20

Kalmar zirga-zirga tun asali tana nufin "ciniki" (kamar yadda har yanzu take yi) kuma ta fito ne daga Tsohuwar fi'ili na Italiyanci Trafficare da noun Traffic . Asalin kalmomin Italiyanci ba a sani ba. Shawarwari sun haɗa da Catalan trafegar "decant", kalmar Vulgar Latin da aka zaci transfricare 'rubuci', wani hadewar Vulgar Latin na trans- da facere 'yi ko yi', [1] Larabci tafriq ' rabawa', [1] da Larabci taraffaqa, wanda zai iya nufin 'neman riba'. [2] Gabaɗaya, kalmar ta ƙunshi nau'ikan zirga-zirgar ababen hawa da suka haɗa da zirga-zirgar hanyar sadarwa, zirga-zirgar jiragen sama, zirga-zirgar ruwa da zirga-zirgar jiragen ƙasa, amma galibi ana amfani da shi ƙunci don nufin zirga-zirgar hanya kawai.

Mai kula da zirga-zirga akan titin Michigan a Chicago, Illinois
Kula da zirga-zirga a Rome, Italiya. Wannan filin kula da ababen hawa na iya komawa baya zuwa matakin hanya lokacin da ba a amfani da shi.

Dokokin hanya da ladubban tuki su ne gaba ɗaya ayyuka da hanyoyin da ake buƙatar masu amfani da hanyar su bi. Waɗannan dokokin galibi suna aiki ga duk masu amfani da hanya, kodayake suna da mahimmanci na musamman ga masu ababen hawa da masu keke . Waɗannan ƙa'idodi ne ke tafiyar da mu'amala tsakanin ababan hawa da masu tafiya a ƙasa . Dokokin zirga-zirgar ababen hawa an bayyana su ta hanyar yarjejeniya ta kasa da kasa karkashin ikon Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, Yarjejeniyar Vienna kan Titunan Hanya na 1968. Ba duk ƙasashe ne ke rattaba hannu kan yarjejeniyar ba kuma, ko da a tsakanin masu rattaba hannu, ana iya samun bambance-bambancen gida a aikace. Haka kuma akwai ka’idojin titinan da ba a rubuta ba, wadanda galibi direbobin yankin ke fahimtar su.

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  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named OED