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Yaren Kitsai

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

 

Yaren Kitsai
'Yan asalin magana
0
Baƙaƙen boko
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-3 kii
Glottolog kits1249[1]

Harshen Kitsai (kuma Kichai ) wani batattu yare ne na dangin harshen Caddoan . [2] Faransanci ne ya fara rikodin kasancewar mutanen Kichai tare da babban kogin Red River a cikin shekara ta1701. A cikin 1840s an yi magana da Kitsai a kudancin Oklahoma, amma a cikin 1930s babu wani mai magana da ya rage. Ana tsammanin yana da alaƙa da Pawnee sosai. [3] [4] Mutanen Kichai a yau suna shiga cikin Wichita da Ƙabilun Ƙungiyoyi (Wichita, Keechi), Waco da Tawakonie ), wanda ke da hedkwata a Anadarko, Oklahoma .

Fassarar sauti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Consonants[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙirar baƙar fata ta Kitsai ta ƙunshi wayoyin hannu da aka nuna a ginshiƙi na ƙasa. [5] Ana nazarin wayar sautin /c/ a ƙasa azaman tasha, duk da cewa saninta na yau da kullun shine alveolar tare da jinkirin sakin, don kada a sami "jerin" mai alaƙa da ya ƙunshi sautin waya ɗaya kawai. Hakazalika, ana nazarin /w/ a matsayin maɗaukaki (watau labio-velar ) maimakon labial don kada ya zama baƙar magana kaɗai.

Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Tsaya t c [t͡s] k ʔ
Ƙarfafawa s h
Nasal n
Sonorant r da [j] w

Wasula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kitsai tana da wayoyi masu zuwa:

 Gajere   Doguwa 
 Gaba   Baya   Gaba   Baya 
 [+HIGH]  i u
 [-HIGH ]  e a

Takaddun bayanai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kitsai an rubuta shi a cikin bayanan filin da har yanzu ba a buga ba na masanin ɗan adam Alexander Lesser, na Jami'ar Hofstra . Karami ya gano masu magana da Kitsai guda biyar a cikin 1928 da 1929, babu wanda ya yi magana da Ingilishi. Sadar da masu magana da Kitsai ta hanyar masu fassarar harsuna biyu na Wichita/Ingilishi, ya cika littattafai 41 da kayan Kitsai. [6]

Kai Kai shine mai magana na ƙarshe na Kitsai. An haife ta a shekara ta 1849 kuma ta rayu mil takwas a arewacin Anadarko. Kai Kai yayi aiki tare da Lesser don yin rikodin ƙamus da tarihin baka da shirya nahawun harshen. [7]

A cikin 1960s, Lesser ya raba kayansa tare da Salvador Bucca na Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires, kuma sun buga labaran masana akan Kitsai. [6]

Kalmomi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wasu kalmomin Kitsai sun haɗa da: [8]  

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yaren Kitsai". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 616
  3. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 68
  4. "Kitsai: an extinct language of USA." Ethnologue.
  5. Vantine, John Liessman (1980).
  6. 6.0 6.1 Salvador Bucca and Alexander Lesser, "Kitsai Phonology and Morphophonemics," (University of Chicago Press, 1969): 7.
  7. "Science: Last of the Kitsai." Time Magazine.
  8. "Kitsai and Caddoan Word Set." Native Languages.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Sturtevant, William C., babban edita, da Raymond D. Fogelson, editan ƙara. Littafin Jagora na Indiyawan Arewacin Amirka: Kudu maso Gabas. Juzu'i na 14 . Washington DC: Cibiyar Smithsonian, 2004. ISBN Bayani na 0-16-072300-0 .

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Samfuri:Caddoan languages