Adabi

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

 

Wikidata.svgAdabi
type of arts (en) Fassara, set (en) Fassara da group of works (en) Fassara
Old book bindings.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Fasaha da set (en) Fassara
Bangare na language arts (en) Fassara
Karatun ta literary criticism (en) Fassara, literary studies (en) Fassara da literature (en) Fassara
Has quality (en) Fassara literary genre (en) Fassara, literary form (en) Fassara, literary style (en) Fassara da mode (en) Fassara
Stack Exchange site (en) Fassara https://literature.stackexchange.com

Adabi duk wani tarin rubuce-rubuce ne, amma kuma ana amfani da shi sosai don rubuce-rubucen da aka yi la’akari da su a matsayin fasahar fasaha, musamman tatsuniyoyi, wasan kwaikwayo, da wakoki. A cikin 'yan ƙarni na baya-bayan nan, ma'anar ta faɗaɗa don haɗawa da wallafe-wallafen baka, yawancin abin da aka rubuta. Adabi hanya ce ta yin rikodi, adanawa, da watsa ilimi da nishaɗi, kuma tana iya samun taka rawa a zamantakewa, tunani, ruhi, ko siyasa.

Adabi, a matsayin sigar fasaha, na iya haɗawa da ayyuka a nau'o'in da ba na almara ba, kamar tarihin rayuwa, diaries, memoir, haruffa, da maƙala. A cikin faffadan ma'anarta, adabi ta haɗa da littattafan da ba na tatsuniyoyi ba, labarai ko wasu buƙatun bayanai akan wani batu. [1]

Etymologically, kalmar ta samo asali daga litattafan Latin/litteratura "ilmantarwa, rubutu, nahawu," asali "rubutun da aka yi da haruffa," daga litattafai/littara "wasika". Duk da haka, an kuma yi amfani da kalmar ga rubutun magana ko waƙa. Ci gaba a cikin fasahar bugawa ya ba da damar rarrabawa da haɓakawa da haɓaka ayyukan rubuce-rubuce, wanda yanzu ya haɗa da wallafe-wallafe.

Ana rarraba wallafe-wallafen bisa ga ko waka ne, zance ko wasan kwaikwayo, kuma ana ƙara rarraba irin waɗannan ayyukan bisa ga lokacin tarihi, riko da wasu siffofi na ado, ko nau'i.

Ma'anoni[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ma'anar wallafe-wallafen sun bambanta da lokaci. [2] A Yammacin Turai, kafin karni na 18, wallafe-wallafen da aka nuna duk littattafai da rubuce-rubucen wallafe-wallafe za a iya gani a matsayin komawa zuwa tsofaffi, mafi yawan ra'ayi, don haka nazarin al'adu, alal misali, ya haɗa da, ban da ayyukan canonical, shahararrun da 'yan tsiraru. Har ila yau, ana amfani da kalmar a cikin abubuwan da ba a rubuta ba: zuwa "adabi na baka" da "littafin al'adun farko".

Ma'anar shari'ar kimar wallafe-wallafe tana ɗaukarsa a matsayin wanda ya ƙunshi rubutu mai inganci kawai wanda ya zama wani ɓangare na al'adar belles-lettres ("rubutu mai kyau"). [3] Misalin wannan a cikin (1910-11) <i id="mwSA">Encyclopædia Britannica</i> wanda ya rarraba wallafe-wallafe a matsayin "mafi kyawun magana na mafi kyawun tunani da aka rage zuwa rubutu". [4]




Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manaschi na Kyrgyzstan na gargajiya yana yin wani ɓangare na almara na Manas a sansanin yurt a Karakol, Kyrgyzstan.
Limestone Kish kwamfutar hannu daga Sumer tare da rubutun hoto; na iya zama farkon sanannun rubuce-rubuce, 3500 BC. Ashmolean Museum
Inscribed hieroglyphics cover an obelisk in foreground. A stone statue is in background.
Haruffa na Masar tare da zane-zane don sunan " Ramesses II ", daga Haikali na Luxor, Sabuwar Mulki
  1. OED
  2. Leitch et al., The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism, 28
  3. Eagleton 2008.
  4. Biswas, Critique of Poetics, 538