Jump to content

Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain
Asali
Mawallafi Hakim al-Nishaburi (en) Fassara
Asalin suna الْمُسْتَدْرَكُ عَلَى الصَّحِيحَيْن
Characteristics
Harshe Larabci
Muhimmin darasi Hadisi

Al-Mustadrak Ala As-Ṣaḥeeḥayn ( Larabci: المستدرك على الصحيحين‎) Ko Mustadrak Al Hakim: ( Larabci: مستدرك الحاكم‎ ), ya kasan ce kuma shi ne tarin hadisi mai girma biyar da Hakim al-Nishapuri ya rubuta (Nishapur yana nan Iran). Ya rubuta shi a shekara ta AH 393 (1002-1003 CE), yana da shekara 72.

Bayani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hadisi ne na 9045. Yayi da'awar dukkan hadisan da ke ciki ingantattu ne bisa sharadin ko dai Sahih al-Bukhari ko Sahih Muslim ko duka biyun.

Gaskiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Maganar ingantacciya ba ta samu karbuwa daga wasu mashahuran malaman Ahlusunna daga baya ba. Al-Dhahabi yi rubutun da aka taƙaita sunan mai suna Talkhis al-Mustadrak inda ya yi sharhi kan sahihancinsa. Ya zama al'adar malamai a yau masu aiki a fagen hadîth, lokacin da suke tattara su da kuma tantance ingancinsu, su faɗi abubuwa kamar "An inganta shi ta hanyar al-Hâkim da al-Dhahabî concurs". A yin haka, suna magana ne akan al-Dhahabi's Talkhîs, taƙaitawar Mustadrak da ake yawan bugawa tare da shi a iyakarta.

Dhahabi ya kuma rubuta:

Mustadrak ya ƙunshi adadi mai kyau na had thatth wanda ya dace da yanayin ingancin duka biyun (al-Bukhârî da Muslim) da kuma wasu hadîth da suka dace da yanayin ɗayansu. Wataƙila adadin wannan hadîth ya ƙunshi rabin littafin. Akwai kusan kashi ɗaya cikin huɗu na hadîth waɗanda ke da ingantattun sarƙoƙi na watsawa, amma waɗanda ke da wani abu game da su ko kuma waɗanda ke da lahani. Amma ga sauran, kuma wannan shine kusan na huɗu, an ƙi su kuma riwayoyi masu ruɗi waɗanda basu da inganci. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan ƙage ne. Na san su ne lokacin da na shirya kangewar Mustadrak kuma na nuna su.

al-Dhahabi ya yi makoki:

Zai fi kyau idan al-Hakim bai taba tattara shi ba ”

Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, a 15th century Sunni Islamic scholar states that Mawdu'at al-Kubra is as unreliable in its attributing the grade of being "forged" to certain ahadith as al-Hakim's Mustadrak is unreliable in its declaring the grade of "sound" or Sahih to many ahadith.[1]

Raguwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fayil:Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain 2.jpg
Mujalladi biyar na Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain

Talkhis al-Mustadrak ' wani yanki ne na Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain, wanda al-Dhahabi ya rubuta . Al-Dhahabi a cikin littafinsa na Talkhis al-Mustadrak ya yi wani abu wanda aka taƙaita (sigar tare da kayan da aka bari a ciki inda ya yi tsokaci kan ingancin da yake da'awar) A wancan sigar, ya kara da bayanin nasa kan hadisi na 1182. Al-Dhahabî a cikin littafinsa mai suna Târikh al-Islam "Tarihin Islama" ya faɗi haka a cikin tarihin rayuwarsa akan al-Hâkim, inda yake magana game da Mustadrak nasa: "Wasu daga cikin waɗannan ƙage ne. Na san su ne a lokacin da na shirya takaita Mustadrak kuma na nuna su. " Al-Dhahabî ya ce game da shi: [2] "Littafi ne mai amfani. Na yi takaita shi wanda ke matukar bukatar aiki da gyara. "

Aƙalla wasu lokuta guda uku, al-Dhahabi hadisi ne wanda bai yi tsokaci a kansa ba a cikin Maganarsa. Misali, yayin magana game da Mu`wiyah b. Sâlih, [3] ya rubuta cewa: "Yana daga cikin masu ba da labarin wanda Muslim ya yarda da shi amma ba al-Bukhârî ba. Kuna iya ganin al-Hakim yana bada labarin hadisin hadisi a cikin Mustadrak ɗin sa sannan ku ce: 'Wannan ya dace da yanayin al-Bukhârî.' Ya maimaita wannan kuskuren. " Koyaya, lokacin da wannan bayanin ya bayyana a cikin Maganarsa, bai ce komai game da shi ba.

Akwai mashahuran malamai da yawa wadanda suka dauka cewa shirun da Dhahabi ya yi a cikin littafinsa na Talkhîs yana nuna amincewarsa ta hankali ga hukuncin al-Hâkim, masanan ilimin al-Suyuti a cikin al-Nukat al-Badî`ât (197) (karni na 15 CE), al-Manâwî a cikin Fayd al-Qadîr, da al-Husaynî a cikin al-Bayân wa al-Ta`rîf. Yawancin malamai na zamani suna bin wannan ra'ayi kuma, amma wasu suna tambayar wannan ra'ayi.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jerin littattafan ahlussunna
  • Kutub al-Sittah
  • Sahih Muslim
  • Jami al-Tirmidhi
  • Sunan Abu Dawood
  • Jami 'at-Tirmidhi
  • Ko dai: Sunan bn Majah, Muwatta Malik

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. stated in al-Qawl al-Musaddad fil-Dhabb `an Musnad al-Imam Ahmad (published by Shaykh Ahmad Shakir in his edition of the Musnad)
  2. Siyar A`lâm al-Nubalâ' (17/176).
  3. Mîzân al-I`tidal (4/135).