Babban kotun Koli na Amurka

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Group half.svgBabban kotun Koli na Amurka
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
USSupremeCourtWestFacade.JPG
Bayanai
Iri Kotun ƙoli
Ƙasa Tarayyar Amurka
Aiyuka
Member count (en) Fassara 9 (1869)
Bangare na United States federal courts (en) Fassara
Mulki
Shugaba John Roberts (en) Fassara
Hedkwata Washington, D.C. da Old Senate Chamber (en) Fassara
Subdivisions
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1789
supremecourt.gov

Babban kotun Koli na Amurka

Kotun Koli na Amurka ( SCOTUS ) ita ce babbar kotu a bangaren shari'ar tarayya na Amurka. Yana yana da matuƙar kuma sun fi mayar da ikon kotun] aukaka} iko a kan duk tarayya da jihar kotu lokuta da cewa unsa a batu na dokar tarayya, kuma na asali iko a kan kunkuntar kewayon lokuta, musamman "duk Cases shafi Ambassadors, sauran jama'a ministocin da Consuls, da kuma waɗanda a cikin abin Jiha za ta zama Jam'iyya.[1][2] Kotun tana da ikon bita na shari'a, ikon lalata doka don karya tanadin Tsarin Mulki . Hakanan tana da ikon soke umarnin shugaban ƙasa saboda sabawa Tsarin Mulki ko dokar doka .  Koyaya, yana iya yin aiki kawai a cikin mahallin shari'ar a wani yanki na doka wanda ke da ikon sa.

Kotun iya shirya lokuta da ciwon siyasa overtones amma ya yi mulki cewa shi ba ya da ikon yanke shawara maras justiciable siyasa tambayoyi.

Farkon Kirkira[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A karkashin Babban Mai Shari'a Jay, Rutledge, da Ellsworth (1789-1801), Kotun ta saurari karancin kararraki; hukuncin farko shi ne West v. Barnes (1791), shari'ar da ta shafi hanya. Kamar yadda Kotun da farko tana da membobi shida ne kawai, duk hukuncin da ta yanke da rinjaye shima kashi biyu bisa uku ne (jefa ƙuri'a huɗu zuwa biyu). Duk da haka, Congress ya ko da yaushe a yarda kasa da kotu ta cika membobinsu zuwa yin yanke shawara, da suka fara da wani cikasa wakilcin na hudu ma'aji a 1789. Kotun ba ta da gidan kansa kuma ba ta da ƙima,  halin da babban shari'ar zamanin, Chisholm v. Jojiya (1793), wanda ya juye cikin shekaru biyu ta hanyar karɓar Kwaskwarimar Sha ɗaya.[3]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Lawson, Gary; Seidman, Guy (2001). "When Did the Constitution Become Law?". Notre Dame Law Review. 77: 1–37.
  2. U.S. Constitution, Article III, Section 2. This was narrowed by the Eleventh Amendment to exclude suits against states that are brought by persons who are not citizens of that state.
  3. About the Supreme Court". Washington, D.C.: Administrative Office of the United States Courts. Retrieved 11 August 2021.