Babbar Ganuwar Ƙasar Sin

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Babbar Ganuwar Ƙasar Sin, in Shanhaiguan.
Layukan shuɗi suna nuna bangon daular Ming, kuma alamun baƙar fata suna nuna garrison 9 na wannan daular.
Rushewar hasumiyar tsaro akan Babban bango

Babbar ganuwar ƙasar Sin tsohuwar bango ce a kasar Sin. An yi katangar da siminti, da duwatsu, da bulo, da datti.[1] An gama shi a shekara ta 1878[1] kuma ana nufin kare arewacin daular China daga hare-haren abokan gaba. Shine tsari mafi tsayi da ɗan adam ya taɓa ginawa. Yana da kusan kilomita 21,196, faɗinsa ƙafa 30 (m9.1 m) da tsayin mita 20. Sassan farko akan bangon an yi su ne da datti da dutse. Daga baya a daular Ming sun yi amfani da tubali. Akwai hasumiyar agogo 7,000, tare da toshe gidaje ga sojoji da tashoshi don aika siginar hayaki.

An gina bango goma sha tara da ake kira babbar ganuwa ta kasar Sin. An gina na farko a karni na 7 BC. An gina katangar da ta fi shahara a tsakanin shekara ta 226 zuwa 200 kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa, ta hannun Sarkin Sin na farko, Qin Shi Huang (wanda ake kiransa da suna Chin), a zamanin daular Qin. Wannan katangar ba ta ragu ba kamar yadda mutane ke sata a cikinta. Ya yi nisa sosai a arewa fiye da bangon yanzu. An gina bangon yanzu a lokacin daular Ming.[2]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An fara babbar ganuwar Qi a shekara ta 685 BC. Jihar Qi ta yi katangar katanga don kariya daga jihohin Kudu da Ju da Lu daga baya daga daular Chu.[3][4]

Jihar Yan ta jina gamuwa tsakanin lokacin mulkin Sarki Zhao na Yan (311-279 Kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa).[5]


Jihar Zhao ta gina katanga tsakanin 325-299 BC, lokacin mulkin sarki Wuling na Zhao.

Ganuwar da ke kewayen jihohin Arewa Yan, Zhao, da Qin sun haɗe waje guda, domin duk waɗannan jahohin sun kasance ƙarƙashin mulkin sarki Qin Shi Hong, a lokacin mulkinsa (221-206 BC).[6][7]

Sarkin farko na kasar Sin, Qin Shi Huang wanda ake kira Shi Huangdi, ya fara daular Qin. Ƙabilar Xiongnu da ke arewacin kasar Sin makiyansa ne. Filayen da ke wasu sassan kasar Sin yana da saukin wuce gona da iri, don haka Qin Shi Huang ya fara gina babbar katangar don kara wahalar da Xiongnu shiga kasar Sin.

A shekara ta 212 BC, katangar ta tashi daga Gansu zuwa gabar Kudu Manchuria.

Sauran dauloli a kasar Sin sun yi aiki sosai a kan bangon kuma sun sanya shi tsayi. Daular Han, Sui, Arewa da Jin duk sun gyara, sake ginawa ko kuma fadada Babbar Ganuwar. A lokacin daular Ming, an gudanar da manyan ayyukan sake ginawa. An gina sassan bangon da tubali da dutse maimakon ƙasa. An ɗauki fiye da shekaru 2000 don ginawa da kuma kammala Babban bango.

Babbar katangar kasar Sin jerin katanga ce da aka gina ta kan iyakokin tarihin arewacin kasar ta tsoffin jahohin kasar Sin. Shine tsari mafi tsayi da ɗan adam ya taɓa ginawa. Yana da tsayin kusan kilomita 21,196, faɗinsa mita 9.1 (ƙafa 30) da tsayin mita 15. An yi shi tsawon daruruwan shekaru, an gina katangar daga dauloli daban-daban na kasar Sin fiye da 6, kuma ta shafe shekaru sama da 2,300.

An gina katangar ne domin ta taimaka wajen hana maharan arewa kamar Mongols. An gina ƙananan ganuwar tsawon shekaru, amma Sarkin farko na kasar Sin, Qin Shi Huang, ya yanke shawarar cewa yana son katanga guda ɗaya don kare iyakokinsa na arewa. Daular Ming ce ta gina fitattun sassan bangon. Genghis Khan, wanda ya kafa daular Mongol, shi ne kadai ya karya babbar katangar kasar Sin a cikinta.

2,700-shekara-tarihi.

An ba da babbar ganuwa a matsayin wurin tarihi na UNESCO a shekara ta 1987. An ayyana babbar ganuwa a matsayin daya daga cikin abubuwan al'ajabi bakwai na duniya a 2007.

Ginawa da sabunta ginin Babbar Ganuwar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masu ginin sun yi amfani da kayan da ke kusa. Wasu sassan bangon an yi su ne da laka, bambaro, da rassa. Dubban ma'aikata ne suka mutu sakamakon fadowar duwatsu, gajiya, cututtuka, hare-haren dabbobi, da yunwa. Ma’aikata suna mutuwa ana binne su a ciki da kuma ƙarƙashin Babban bangon tatsuniya ce.[8]

Ganin ta daga sararin samaniya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jita-jita game da 'yan sama jannati za su iya ganin babbar ganuwa daga wata a kimiyance ba ta tabbata ba.[9] Babbar katangar ta bayyana a cikin hotunan radar da aka dauka daga sararin samaniya, amma masana kimiyya sun tabbata ba zai yiwu 'yan sama jannati su ga bango da ido tsirara ba. Wani dan sama jannati da ya yi magana game da ganin babbar ganuwa daga sararin samaniya shine Neil Armstrong. Ya ce a kan wata, a fili yake cewa ba a ganin bangon.[10] Duk da haka, dan sama jannati William Pogue ya iya ganin bangon daga ƙasan ƙasan ƙasa mai nisa (tsawon kilomita 300-530), amma tare da binoculars da yawan aiki.[11]

Hotuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Majiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "When was the Great Wall of China built? 7th Century BC - 1878". www.travelchinaguide.com. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  2. "Construction of the Great Wall". Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
  3. Christopher Knowles (2001). Fodor's Exploring China. Fodor's, original from the University of Virginia. p. 56. ISBN 0-676-90161-1.
  4. Atlas of World Heritage: China. Long River Press. 2008. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-59265-060-6.
  5. Di Cosmo 2002, pp. 142–43.
  6. "Great Wall of China even longer than previously thought: Survey measures the wall at 21,196 km long". CBC News. 6 June 2012.
  7. Di Cosmo 2002, p. 139.
  8. Paul and Bernice Noll's Window on the World. History of The Great Wall of China. [1]
  9. Norberto López-Gil. "Is it Really Possible to See the Great Wall of China from Space with a Naked Eye?" (PDF). Journal of Optometry. 1 (1): 3–4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
  10. "China's Wall Less Great in View from Space". NASA. 2005. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
  11. "Great Wall of China from space (Part II)". www.abc.net.au (in Turanci). ABC Science. 2007-09-06. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
  • Di Cosmo, Nicola (1999). "13. The Northern Frontier in pre-Imperial China". In Loewe, Michael; Shaughnessy, Edward (editors). The Cambridge History of Ancient China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-47030-8.

Sauran shafukan yanar gizo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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