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Baroque

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Baroque
cultural movement (en) Fassara, art movement (en) Fassara, style (en) Fassara da historical period (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na architectural style (en) Fassara
Mabiyi mannerism (en) Fassara da Renaissance
Lokacin farawa 16 century
Lokacin gamawa 1750s
Influenced by (en) Fassara Council of Trent (en) Fassara
Wuri
Map
 48°41′27″N 9°08′26″E / 48.690959°N 9.14062°E / 48.690959; 9.14062
Baroque

Baroque (UK:/bəˈrɒk/,US:/bəˈroʊk/; French: [baʁɔk]) salo ne na gine-gine, kiɗa, raye-raye, zanen, sassaka, waƙa, da sauran fasaha waɗanda suka bunƙasa a Turai tun daga farkon ƙarni na 17 har zuwa 1750s. A cikin yankuna na daulolin Sipaniya da na Portugal gami da yankin Iberian ya ci gaba, tare da sabbin salo, har zuwa shekaru goma na farko na karni na 19. Ya bi fasahar Renaissance da Mannerism kuma ya riga ya wuce Rococo (a baya sau da yawa ana kiransa "Late Baroque") da kuma salon Neoclassical. Cocin Katolika ne ya ƙarfafa shi a matsayin hanyar da za ta magance sauƙi da ƙaƙƙarfan gine-ginen Furotesta, fasaha, da kiɗa, kodayake fasahar Lutheran Baroque ta haɓaka a sassan Turai kuma. [1]

Salon Baroque ya yi amfani da bambanci, motsi, daki-daki mai ban sha'awa, launi mai zurfi, girma, da mamaki don cimma ma'anar tsoro. Salon ya fara ne a farkon karni na 17 a Roma, sannan ya bazu cikin sauri zuwa Faransa, arewacin Italiya, Spain, da Portugal, sannan zuwa Austria, kudancin Jamus, da Rasha. A cikin shekarar 1730s, ya samo asali zuwa wani salo mai ban sha'awa, wanda ake kira rocaille ko Rococo, wanda ya bayyana a Faransa da tsakiyar Turai har zuwa tsakiyar karni na 18.[2]

A cikin zane-zane na kayan ado, salon yana amfani da kayan ado mai yawa da rikitarwa. Tashi daga Renaissance classicism yana da nasa hanyoyin a kowace ƙasa. Amma babban fasalin shine cewa ko'ina farkon shine abubuwan ado waɗanda Renaissance suka gabatar. Repertoire na gargajiya ya cika cunkoson jama'a, mai yawa, mai juye-juye, an ɗora shi, domin ya haifar da firgici. Sabbin abubuwan da Baroque ya gabatar sune: cartouche, kofuna da makamai, kwanduna na 'ya'yan itace ko furanni, da sauransu, wanda aka yi a cikin marquetry, stucco, ko sassaka.

Pendant a cikin nau'i na siren, wanda aka yi da lu'u-lu'u na baroque (torso) tare da dutsen zinariya mai enameled kafa tare da yakutu, mai yiwuwa kusan 1860, a cikin Gidan kayan gargajiya na Metropolitan (New York City, New York).
Quadratura ko trompe-l'œil rufi na Cocin Gesù daga Roma, na Giovanni Battista Gaulli, daga 1673 zuwa 1678


Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "About the Baroque Period - Music of the Baroque". www.baroque.org. Retrieved 26 October 2022.Empty citation (help)
  2. Heal, Bridget (1 December 2011). "'Better Papist than Calvinist': Art and Identity in Later Lutheran Germany". German History. German History Society. 29 (4): 584–609. doi:10.1093/gerhis/ghr066.
  3. Hodge 2019, p. 29.
  4. Bailey 2012, pp. 213.
  5. Bailey 2012, pp. 211.
  6. Hopkins 2014, p. 73.