Croup

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Croup, wanda kuma aka sani da laryngotracheobronchitis, nau'in kamuwa da cuta ne na numfashi wanda yawanci ke haifar da ƙwayar cuta.[1] Kamuwa da cuta yana haifar da kumburi a cikin trachea, wanda ke tsoma baki tare da numfashi na yau da kullun kuma yana haifar da alamun alamun tari na “haushi”, stridor, da muryoyin murya.[1] Zazzabi da hanci na iya kasancewa.[1] Waɗannan alamun na iya zama masu laushi, matsakaici, ko mai tsanani.[2] Yawancin lokaci yana farawa ko ya fi muni da dare kuma yakan wuce kwana ɗaya zuwa biyu.[3][1][2]

Kwayoyin cuta na iya haifar da Croup ta hanyar ƙwayoyin cuta da yawa da suka haɗa da parainfluenza da ƙwayar mura.[1] Ba kasafai yake faruwa ba saboda kamuwa da cuta na kwayan cuta.[4] Kwayoyin cuta yawanci ana bincikar su bisa alamu da alamun bayyanar cututtuka bayan an kawar da wasu dalilai masu tsanani, irin su epiglottitis ko jikin waje na iska.[5] Ƙarin bincike-kamar gwajin jini, X-ray, da al'adu- yawanci ba a buƙata.[5]

Yawancin lokuta na croup ana iya hana su ta hanyar rigakafi don mura da diphtheria.[4] Yawancin lokaci ana bi da Croup tare da kashi ɗaya na steroids ta baki.[1][6] A cikin lokuta masu tsanani kuma ana iya amfani da shakar epinephrine.[1][7] Ana buƙatar asibiti a cikin kashi ɗaya zuwa biyar na lokuta.[8]

Croup wani yanayi ne na kowa wanda ke shafar kusan kashi 15% na yara a wani lokaci.[5] Yawanci yana faruwa tsakanin watanni 6 zuwa shekaru 5 amma ba kasafai ake ganinsa a yara masu shekara goma sha biyar ba.[2][5][9] Ya fi kowa yawa a cikin maza fiye da mata.[9] Yana faruwa sau da yawa a cikin kaka.[9] Kafin alurar riga kafi, croup yana yawan haifar da diphtheria kuma sau da yawa yana mutuwa.[4][10] Wannan sanadin yanzu ba kasafai ake samunsa ba a kasashen yammacin duniya saboda nasarar rigakafin diphtheria.[11]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Rajapaksa S, Starr M (May 2010). "Croup – assessment and management". Aust Fam Physician. 39 (5): 280–2. PMID 20485713.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Johnson D (2009). "Croup". BMJ Clin Evid. 2009. PMC 2907784. PMID 19445760.
  3. Thompson, M; Vodicka, TA; Blair, PS; Buckley, DI; Heneghan, C; Hay, AD; TARGET Programme, Team (Dec 11, 2013). "Duration of symptoms of respiratory tract infections in children: systematic review". BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 347: f7027. doi:10.1136/bmj.f7027. PMC 3898587. PMID 24335668.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Cherry JD (2008). "Clinical practice. Croup". N. Engl. J. Med. 358 (4): 384–91. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp072022. PMID 18216359.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Everard ML (February 2009). "Acute bronchiolitis and croup". Pediatr. Clin. North Am. 56 (1): 119–33, x–xi. doi:10.1016/j.pcl.2008.10.007. PMID 19135584.
  6. Gates, A; Gates, M; Vandermeer, B; Johnson, C; Hartling, L; Johnson, DW; Klassen, TP (22 August 2018). "Glucocorticoids for croup in children". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 8: CD001955. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001955.pub4. PMC 6513469. PMID 30133690.
  7. Bjornson, C; Russell, K; Vandermeer, B; Klassen, TP; Johnson, DW (10 October 2013). "Nebulized epinephrine for croup in children". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 10 (10): CD006619. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006619.pub3. PMID 24114291.
  8. Bjornson, CL; Johnson, DW (15 October 2013). "Croup in children". CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal. 185 (15): 1317–23. doi:10.1503/cmaj.121645. PMC 3796596. PMID 23939212.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Bjornson, CL; Johnson, DW (15 October 2013). "Croup in children". CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal. 185 (15): 1317–23. doi:10.1503/cmaj.121645. PMC 3796596. PMID 23939212.
  10. Steele, Volney (2005). Bleed, blister, and purge : a history of medicine on the American frontier. Missoula, Mont.: Mountain Press. p. 324. ISBN 978-0-87842-505-1.
  11. Feigin, Ralph D. (2004). Textbook of pediatric infectious diseases. Philadelphia: Saunders. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-7216-9329-3.