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Dinar na Tunisiya

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Dinar na Tunisiya
kuɗi da dinar (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙasa Tunisiya
Central bank/issuer (en) Fassara Central Bank of Tunisia (en) Fassara
Wanda yake bi Franc Tunisiya
Lokacin farawa 1960
Unit symbol (en) Fassara DT

Dinar ( Larabci: دينار‎ , French: Dinar , ISO 4217 lambar kuɗi: TND ) kudin Tunisiya . An raba shi zuwa milimi 1000 ko millimes ( ملّيم ). Ana amfani da gajarta DT sau da yawa a Tunisiya, kodayake rubuta "dinari" bayan adadin kuma yana da karbuwa (TND ba shi da ƙarancin magana, kuma yana son a yi amfani da shi sosai a cikin da'irar kuɗi); an kuma ambaci gajarta TD a wasu wurare, amma ba a yawan amfani da ita, idan aka yi la’akari da yadda ake yawan amfani da yaren Faransanci a Tunisia, da kuma asalin Faransanci na DT (watau Dinar tunisien ).

Bayani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sunan "dinar" ya samo asali ne daga Daular Roman/Roma dinarius, da ake amfani da ita a lardin Afirka, tsohon yanki na Carthage, Tunisiya ta zamani.[1]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ƙaddamar da dinari a cikin 1960, wanda aka kafa shi azaman sashin asusu a 1958. Ya maye gurbin franc akan ƙimar 1000 francs = 1 dinari. Dinar bai biyo bayan faduwar darajar franc a shekarar 1958 ba, don haka aka yi watsi da canjin canjin. A maimakon haka an kafa peg zuwa dalar Amurka Dinar 1 = 2.38 daloli wanda aka kiyaye har zuwa 1964, lokacin da dinari ya rage darajar zuwa Dinari 1 = 1.90 dala. An gudanar da wannan adadin na biyu har sai da aka rage darajar dala a shekarar 1971.

Tunisiya tana da ƙarancin hauhawar farashi a tarihi. Dinar ya yi ƙasa da sauyi a cikin 2000-2010 fiye da kuɗaɗen maƙwabta masu shigo da mai, Masar da Maroko. Haɓakawa ya kai kashi 4.9% a cikin kasafin kuɗi na 2007-08 da 3.5% a cikin kasafin kuɗi na 2008-09.[ana buƙatar hujja], darajar kuɗin yana faɗuwa tun lokacin, kuma tsakanin 2008 da 2018, Dinar ya ragu da kusan 55% akan dalar Amurka, daga 76 ¢ zuwa 34 ¢, kuma game da 46% akan Yuro. daga 55 cents zuwa 30 cents.

Tsabar kudi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1960, an ƙaddamar da aluminum 1, 2 da 5 millime da tagulla 10, 20, 50 da 100 millime tsabar kudi. An fitar da milimi 1 da 2 na ƙarshe a cikin 1990 da 1983 bi da bi, kuma ba su da takardar izinin doka. A cikin 1968, nickel An gabatar da tsabar dinari wanda aka maye gurbinsu da ƙarami, guntu-nickel guda a cikin 1976, lokacin da aka ƙaddamar da tsabar tsabar nickel 1 dinari. Bimetallic dinari 5 an gabatar da su a cikin 2002.[2]

Tsabar kudi a wurare dabam dabam (haɗin da ya haɗa da tsabar kudi na yanzu da na tarihi da takardun banki)

  • 1 millimi
  • 5 millimes
  • 10 millimes
  • 20 millimes
  • 50 millimes
  • 100 millimes
  • 200 millimes
  • 1 dinari
  • 2 dinari
  • 5 dinari

A ranar 26 ga Disamba 2013 ne aka gabatar da sabbin tsabar tridecagonal guda biyu, milimita 200 (Copper-zinc, 29). mm diamita, 1.80 mm kauri, 9.4 gr. nauyi) da 2 dinari (jan-nickel, 29.4 mm diamita, 1.90 mm kauri, 11.2 gr. nauyi). [3]

Tsabar kudi a wurare dabam dabam
Hoto Daraja
5 millimes
10 millimes
20 millimes
50 millimes
100 millimes
200 millimes
500 millimes)
</img> Dinar 1 (milimita 1000)
Dinari 2 (milimita 2000)
Dinari 5 (5000 millimes)

Takardun kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 3 ga Nuwamba 1958, Babban Bankin Tunisiya ya gabatar da takardun banki a cikin ƙungiyoyin  1 da 5 dinari. An canza zane-zanen waɗannan ƙungiyoyin tare da jerin bayanai masu kwanan wata 1-6-1965, amma an ba da su a ranar 3 ga Maris 1966. An ba da bayanin kula na dinari 10 mai kwanan wata 1-6-1969 a ranar 2 ga Janairu 1970. Na karshe  -dinare bayanin kula an yi kwanan wata 1973-10-15 yayin da bayanin kula na dinari 1 na ƙarshe ya kasance 1980-10-15. An gabatar da bayanin kula na dinari 20 mai kwanan wata 1980-10-15 a ranar 26 ga Disamba 1984. An ba da bayanan-dinari 30 tsakanin 1997 da 2011. An ba da bayanin kula na dinari 50 na 2008 a ranar 25 ga Yuli 2009. [4] A ranar 8 ga Nuwamba, 2005, an fitar da sabon salo na bayanin kula na dinari 10 akai-akai.

A ranar 31 ga Disamba, 2019, duk bayanan da aka bayar kafin 2011 an lalata su gaba ɗaya. An daina amfani da batutuwan da suka gabata shekaru da yawa kafin nan amma har yanzu ana musayar su a babban bankin kasa har zuwa wannan ranar.

Bayan faduwar gwamnatin Ben Ali a Tunusiya, an fitar da sabbin takardun kudi a hankali, inda aka sake fasalin takardar kudi na dinari 20 a shekarar 2017 da kuma takardar kudi na dinari 10 da aka sake fasalin a shekarar 2020. Ya zuwa 2020, bayanin kula na dinari 20 da 50 da aka bayar na 2011 da dinari 5 da 10 da aka bayar na 2013 ana amfani da su da kuma sabbin jerin. An cire kudi dinari 50 ne a lokacin da aka aika wa babban bankin kasar a yayin da suke zagayawa yayin da ba a tabbatar da wani sabon tsari ba.

A shekarar 2022, an bullo da sabbin takardun kudi na dinari 5 da 50.

Bayanan banki na yanzu
Hoto Daraja Babban Launi Bayani
Banda Juya baya Banda Juya baya
</img> </img> 5 dinari Lemun tsami Green Birnin Carthage; Janar Carthaginian, Hannibal sanye da kwalkwali Carthaginian jiragen ruwa
</img> </img> 5 dinari Kore Slaheddine el Amami Ruwan ruwa na Roman a cikin Zaghouan
</img> </img> dinari 10 Blue da Yellow Aboul-Qacem Echebbi Arches na makarantar Medesa Bacchia a Tunis
</img> </img> dinari 10 Blue Tewhida Ben Sheikh Berber tukwane da kayan ado
</img> </img> dinari 20 Ja, blue, da rawaya Kheireddine Et-Tounsi, Ksar Ouled Soltane Kafaffen granary a gundumar Tataouine L'École Sadiki (Sadiki College) gini a Tunis
</img> </img> dinari 20 Ja Farhat Hache Amphitheater na El Djem
</img> </img> dinari 50 Green, blue, da orange Ibn Rachik, Musée de la Monnaie (Currency Museum) gini a Tunis Place Gouvernement la Kasbah, tsakiyar filin wasa a Tunis
</img> </img> dinari 50 Purple da launin ruwan kasa Hedi Nura Gina Babban Bankin Tunisiya
Bayanan banki da aka lalata
Hoto Daraja Babban Launi Bayani
Banda Juya baya Banda Juya baya
</img> 5 dinari Kore Hannibal, Port Punique (Carthage) Motif yana tunawa da hambarar da Habib Bourguiba a ranar 7 ga Nuwamba 1987
</img> </img> dinari 10 Blue Ibn Khaldoun Motif yana tunawa da hambarar da Habib Bourguiba a ranar 7 ga Nuwamba 1987
</img> </img> dinari 10 Blue Elissa ( Dido ) An kafa shi bayan taron IT na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a Tunis 2006. Sbeitla temple, tauraron dan adam
</img> </img> dinari 20 Purple Kheireddine et-Tounsi Motif yana tunawa da hambarar da Habib Bourguiba a ranar 7 ga Nuwamba 1987
</img> </img> dinari 30 Green, orange Aboul-Qacem Echebbi gonar Tunisiya tare da awaki da "Trente DINARS" da aka rubuta a sama
</img> dinari 50 Green da purple Ibn Rachik, Birnin Al'adu gini Rades gada a kan tashar jirgin ruwa zuwa Tunis, Enfidha-Hammamet International Airport (tsohon filin jirgin saman Zine el-Abidine ben Ali ; wanda aka sake masa suna bayan Shugaba el-Abidine ya bar kasar a 2011)

Shahararrun suna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

'Yan Tunisiya wani lokaci ba sa amfani da babban rabo, dinari, lokacin da aka ambaci farashin kaya. Saboda haka, dinari daya da rabi, ana yawan kiransa khomstach en miya (a zahiri dari goma sha biyar). Wannan ya shafi duk farashin da ke ƙasa da dinari 2. Dinar 50 ana kiransa khamsin alf (dubu hamsin). Ana amfani da wannan al'ada har ma don ƙarin farashi, misali Dinari 70,000 za a kira sab'in maliun (miliyan saba'in). Har ila yau ana jin "Francs" daga lokaci zuwa lokaci, 1000 daga cikinsu suna wakiltar dinari guda. Ban da wannan, 'yan Tunisiya suna amfani da kalmar "fari" maimakon millime. Misali, milimita 100 (Dinar 0.1) ana kiranta da “miyat frank” (a zahiri 100 franks). Kalmar Frank ta samo asali ne daga zamanin Faransanci.

Ƙuntataccen kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Laifi ne na laifi a Tunisiya don shigo da dinari ko fitarwa. A kowace shekara, kowane ɗan ƙasa na iya canzawa zuwa kuɗin waje har zuwa Dinari 6,000 na Tunisiya kafin ya tashi daga ƙasar.[5] Saboda haka, farashin a shagunan da ba su da haraji suna cikin agogo masu canzawa kamar Yuro, dalar Amurka da fam na Burtaniya . Akwai na'urorin ATM da yawa masu juyawa a cikin ƙasar don masu yawon bude ido.

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Roman silver coins: denarius". www.monete-romane.com. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  2. "Currency Museum of the Central Bank". Central Bank of Tunisia. December 12, 2004. Archived from the original on December 12, 2004.
  3. "Tunisie: Deux nouvelles pièces de monnaie en circulation", Al Huffington Post Maghreb, 26 december 2013
  4. Tunisia Archived 2011-12-19 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Accessed on 2009-09-28.
  5. "Banque Centrale de Tunisie". Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2018.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]