Ibn Kaldun

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Haihuwa Tunis, 27 Mayu 1332
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ƙungiyar ƙabila Larabawa
Mutuwa Kairo, 17 ga Maris, 1406
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Sana'a anthropologist Translate, historian Translate, judge Translate, autobiographer Translate, sociologist Translate, economist Translate, philosopher Translate da ɗan siyasa
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Ibn Khaldun ( larabci| أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي, Abū Zayd ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn al-Ḥaḍramī;) ya rayu daga 27 May 1332 zuwa 17 March 1406. Yakasance balaraben historiographer kuma Malamin tarihi ne.[1]

Ana ganinsa a matsayin daya daga cikin wadanda suka Samar da ilimin zamani na historiography, sociology, economics, da kuma demography.[n 1][2][n 2]

Ya shahara ne musamman akan littafin daya wallafa, wato Muqaddimah ko Prolegomena ("Introduction"). Littafin ya ilimantar da masanan tarihin daular usmaniya na karni 17th, kamarsu Kâtip Çelebi, Ahmed Cevdet Pasha da Mustafa Naima, wadanda suka yi amfani da dokokin dake littafin wurin fayyace cigaba da cibayan daular Ottoman Empire.[3] hakamadai, a 19th- masanan turai sun tabbatar da muhimmancin littafin kuma suka bayyana Ibn Khaldun a matsayin daya daga cikin manyan malaman ilimi na wannan lokacin. Middle Ages.[4]

Anazarci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. cite book|last=Savant|first=Sarah Bowen|title=Genealogy and Knowledge in Muslim Societies: Understanding the Past|date=2014|publisher=Edinburgh University Press|isbn=978-0-7486-4497-1|page=77|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=rySrBgAAQBAJ&lpg=PP1&pg=PA77#v=onepage&q&f=false%7Cquote=Banu Khaldun al-Hadrami (Yemen, but not Qahtan), to which belonged the famous historian Ibn Khaldun. The family's ancestor was 'Uthman ibn Bakr ibn Khalid, called Khaldun, a Yemeni Arab among the conquerors who shared kinship with the Prophet's Companian Wa'il ibn Hujr and who settled first in Carmona and then in Seville. The Historical Muhammad, Irving M. Zeitlin, (Polity Press, 2007), 21; "It is, of course, Ibn Khaldun as an Arab here speaking, for he claims Arab descent through the male line.". The Arab World: Society, Culture, and State, Halim Barakat (University of California Press, 1993), 48;"The renowned Arab sociologist-historian Ibn Khaldun first interpreted Arab history in terms of badu versus hadar conflicts and struggles for power." Ibn Khaldun, M. Talbi, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. III, ed. B. Lewis, V.L. Menage, C. Pellat, J. Schacht, (Brill, 1986), 825; "Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis, on I Ramadan 732/27 May 1332, in an Arab family which came originally from the Hadramawt and had been settled at Seville since the beginning of the Muslim conquest...."
  2. Joseph J. Spengler (1964). "Economic Thought of Islam: Ibn Khaldun", Comparative Studies in Society and History, 6(3), pp. 268-306.
      • Jean David C. Boulakia (1971). "Ibn Khaldûn: A Fourteenth-Century Economist", Journal of Political Economy, 79(5), pp. 1105–1118.
  3. Cite book| publisher = BRILL| isbn = 978-965-264-014-7| editor-last = Ayalon| editor-first = David| editor2-first = Moshe| editor2-last= Sharon| title = Studies in Islamic history and civilization: in honour of Professor David Ayalon| year = 1986| first=Bernard| last=Lewis | pages=527–530| contribution=Ibn Khaldūn in Turkey| ref = harv| postscript = inconsistent citations
  4. Bernard Lewis: "Ibn Khaldun in Turkey", in: Ibn Khaldun: The Mediterranean in the 14th Century: Rise and Fall of Empires, Foundation El Legado Andalusí, 2006, ISBN|978-84-96556-34-8, pp. 376–380 (376) S. M. Deen (2007) Science under Islam: rise, decline and revival. p. 157. ISBN|1-84799-942-5


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