Ibn Sina

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Ibn Sina
Avicenna-miniatur-no-background.png
vizier (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Afshona (en) Fassara, 980
ƙasa Samanid Empire (en) Fassara
Ziyarid dynasty (en) Fassara
Buyid dynasty (en) Fassara
Mazauni Ray (en) Fassara
Bukhara (en) Fassara
Urgench (en) Fassara
Gorgan (en) Fassara
Hamadan (en) Fassara
Harshen uwa Farisawa
Mutuwa Hamadan (en) Fassara, 18 ga Yuni, 1037
Makwanci Hamadan (en) Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Farisawa
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a mai falsafa, maiwaƙe, Ilimin Taurari, likita, music theorist (en) Fassara, physicist (en) Fassara, masanin lissafi, chemist (en) Fassara, ethicist (en) Fassara, Islamic jurist (en) Fassara da marubuci
Muhimman ayyuka Canon of Medicine (en) Fassara
The Book of Healing (en) Fassara
Al-isharat wa al-tanbihat (en) Fassara
Wanda ya ja hankalinsa Al-Biruni (en) Fassara, Plotinus (en) Fassara, Muhammad, Galen (en) Fassara, Aristotle, Hippocrates (en) Fassara, Ibn Zuhr (en) Fassara, Wasil ibn Ata (en) Fassara, Abu Zayd al-Balkhi (en) Fassara, Al-Kindi (en) Fassara, Muhammad dan Zakariya al-Razi da Al-Farabi (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Ibn Sina wanda turawa ke kiransa da Avicenna ya kasance dan kasar Per'sia ne kuma fitaccen masanin magunguna, ilimin taurari, masanin falfasa, sannan fitaccen marubuci a shekarun daukakan musulunci,[1] wanda ya shahara a duniya. Ana yi masa laƙabi da Baban Magungunan zamani.[2][3][4][5] Sajjad H. Rizvi ya kira Ibn Sina "ba makawa, masanin falfasa na zamanin yau da yafi kowanne fice".[6]

yanada littafan da ya rubuta sunkai kusan 240 wadanda suke nan har zuwa yau, wadanda suka hada da 150 da suke bayani akan philosophy da 40 wadanda suke bayani akan magani.[7]

Daga cikin mafi shaharun ayyukansa akwai The Book of Healing, a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, da The Canon of Medicine, a medical encyclopedia[8][9][10] wanda yazama standard medical text a mafi yawan medieval universities[11] kuma yacigaba da amfani har karshen 1650.[12] a shekarar 1973, Avicenna's Canon Of Medicine ansake bugata a birnin New York.[13]

Bayan philosophy da medicine, kundin Ibn Sina na kunshe da rubuce rubuce akan astronomy, alchemy, geography da geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics da kuma ayyuka aika poetry.[14]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Adamson 2016, pp. 113, 117, 206. (page 113) "For one thing, it means that he[Avicenna] had a Persian cultural background...he spoke Persian natively and did use it to write philosophy." (page 117) "But for the time being, it was a Persian from Khurasan who would have commentaries lavished upon him. Avicenna would be known by the honorific of "leading master" (al-shaykh al-raʾis)." (page 206) "Persians like Avicenna" Bennison 2009, p. 195. "Avicenna was a Persian whose father served the Samanids of Khurasan and Transoxania as the administrator of a rural district outside Bukhara." Goichon 1986, p. 941. "He was born in 370/980 in Afshana, his mother's home, near Bukhara. His native language was Persian." "Avicenna was the greatest of all Persian thinkers; as physician and metaphysician ..." (excerpt from A.J. Arberry, Avicenna on Theology, Kazi Publications
  2. "Did You Know?: Silk Roads Exchange and the Development of the Medical Sciences | Programme des Routes de la Soie". fr.unesco.org. Retrieved 14 January 2023. Scholars from this period include Avicenna (Ibn Sina, 980-1037 CE), who is often described as the father of early modern medicine, the polymath Al-Biruni (973-1050 CE), and the botanist and pharmacist Ibn al-Baitar (1197-1248 CE).
  3. Saffari, Mohsen; Pakpour, Amir (1 December 2012). "Avicenna's Canon of Medicine: A Look at Health, Public Health, and Environmental Sanitation". Archives of Iranian Medicine. 15 (12): 785–9. PMID 23199255. Avicenna was a well-known Persian and a Muslim scientist who was considered to be the father of early modern medicine.
  4. Colgan, Richard (19 September 2009). Advice to the Young Physician: On the Art of Medicine. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-4419-1034-9. Avicenna is known as the father of early modern medicine.
  5. Roudgari, Hassan (28 December 2018). "Ibn Sina or Abu Ali Sina (ابن سینا c. 980 –1037) is often known by his Latin name of Avicenna (ævɪˈsɛnə/)". Journal of Iranian Medical Council. 1 (2). ISSN 2645-338X. Avicenna was a Persian polymath and one of the most famous physicians from the Islamic Golden Age. He is known as the father of early modern medicine and his most famous work in Medicine called "The Book of Healing", which became a standard medical textbook at many European universities and remained in use up to the recent centuries.
  6. "Avicenna (Ibn Sina)". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  7. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Ibn Sina", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
  8. Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2007). "Avicenna". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Archived from the original on 31 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-05. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  9. Edwin Clarke, Charles Donald O'Malley (1996), The human brain and spinal cord: a historical study illustrated by writings from antiquity to the twentieth century, Norman Publishing, p. 20 (ISBN|0930405250).
  10. Iris Bruijn (2009), Ship's Surgeons of the Dutch East India Company: Commerce and the progress of medicine in the eighteenth century, Amsterdam University Press, p. 26 (ISBN|9087280513).
  11. "Avicenna 980–1037". Hcs.osu.edu. Archived from the original on October 7, 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-19. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  12. e.g. at the universities of Montpellier and Leuven (see "Medicine: an exhibition of books relating to medicine and surgery from the collection formed by J.K. Lilly". Indiana.edu. Archived from the original on 14 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-19.
  13. Cibeles Jolivette Gonzalez. "Avicenna's Canon Of Medicine" – via Internet Archive.
  14. "Avicenna", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Version 2006". Iranica.com. Retrieved 2010-01-19.