Ibn Sina

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Ibn Sina
Avicenna-miniatur.jpg
ɗan Adam
jinsinamiji Gyara
ƙasar yanƙasanciSamanid dynasty, Ziyarid dynasty, Buyid dynasty Gyara
sunan asaliابوعلی حسین بن عبدالله بن حسن بن علی بن سینا Gyara
lokacin haihuwa16 ga Augusta, 980 Gyara
wurin haihuwaAfshona, Bukhara Gyara
lokacin mutuwa18 ga Yuni, 1037 Gyara
wurin mutuwaHamadan Gyara
harsunaLarabci, Persian Gyara
cultureGreater Iran Gyara
ƙabilaTajiks, Persian people Gyara
addiniShi'a Gyara
notable workThe Canon of Medicine, The Book of Healing Gyara
time periodIslamic Golden Age Gyara
Regensburg ClassificationCE 2100 Gyara

Ibn Sina fitaccen masanin kimiyya ne, wanda ya shahara a duniya. Ana yi masa laƙabi da Baban Magani saboda shine mutum na farko da yayi irin abun da yayi. Avicenna' (IPAc-en|ˌ|æ|v|ɪ|ˈ|s|ɛ|n|ə; also Ibn Sīnā or Abu Ali Sina; harsh-Lrbc|ابن سینا; c.|lk=no|980 – June 1037) mutumin Persian ne[1][2][3] polymath wanda ake ganinsa a matsayin daya daga cikin mafi significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.[4] He has been described as the father of early modern medicine.[5][6][7] Of the 450 works yanada littafan da ya rubuta sunkai kusan 240 wadanda suke nan har zuwa yau, wadanda suka hada da 150 da suke bayani akan philosophy da 40 wadanda suke bayani akan magani.[8]

Daga cikin mafi shaharun ayyukansa akwai The Book of Healing, a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, da The Canon of Medicine, a medical encyclopedia[9][10][11] wanda yazama standard medical text a mafi yawan medieval universities[12] kuma yacigaba da amfani har karshen 1650.[13] a shekarar 1973, Avicenna's Canon Of Medicine ansake bugata a birnin New York.[14]

Bayan philosophy da medicine, kundin Ibn Sina na kunshe da rubuce rubuce akan astronomy, alchemy, geography da geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics da kuma ayyuka aika poetry.[15]

Anazarci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Cite web|url=https://press.princeton.edu/titles/2761.html%7Ctitle=Avicenna and the Visionary Recital|website=Princeton University Press|language=en|access-date=2018-08-12|quote=In this work a distinguished scholar of Islamic religion examines the mysticism and psychological thought of the great eleventh-century Persian philosopher and physician Avicenna (Ibn Sina), author of over a hundred works on theology, logic, medicine, and mathematics.
  2. Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/?id=9aZPAQAAQBAJ&pg=PA18&lpg=PA18&dq=Ibn+Sina+Persian+polymath#v=onepage&q=Ibn%20Sina%20Persian%20polymath&f=false%7Ctitle=The Rise of Western Power: A Comparative History of Western Civilization|last=Daly|first=Jonathan|date=2013-12-19|publisher=A&C Black|isbn=978-1441118516|language=en|page=18}}
  3. Cite|url=https://www.britannica.com/biography/Avicenna%7Ctitle=Avicenna | Persian philosopher and scientist|work=Encyclopedia Britannica|access-date=2018-08-04|language=en
  4. * cite book|last1=Bennison|first1=Amira K.|title=The great caliphs: the golden age of the 'Abbasid Empire|date=2009|publisher=Yale University Press|location=New Haven|isbn=978-0300152272|page=195|accessdate=|quote=Avicenna was a Persian whose father served the Samanids of Khurasan and Transoxania as the administrator of a rural district outside Bukhara.
  5. Template:MacTutor Biography
  6. cite encyclopedia |last=Nasr |first=Seyyed Hossein |authorlink=Seyyed Hossein Nasr |title=Avicenna |year=2007| encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica Online |accessdate=2007-11-05 |location= |publisher= |url=http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9011433/Avicenna |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071031092920/http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9011433/Avicenna |archivedate=31 October 2007 |deadurl=no
  7. Edwin Clarke, Charles Donald O'Malley (1996), The human brain and spinal cord: a historical study illustrated by writings from antiquity to the twentieth century, Norman Publishing, p. 20 (ISBN|0930405250).
  8. Iris Bruijn (2009), Ship's Surgeons of the Dutch East India Company: Commerce and the progress of medicine in the eighteenth century, Amsterdam University Press, p. 26 (ISBN|9087280513).
  9. cite web|url=http://hcs.osu.edu/hort/history/023.html |title=Avicenna 980–1037 |publisher=Hcs.osu.edu |accessdate=2010-01-19 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20081007070250/http://hcs.osu.edu/hort/history/023.html |archivedate=October 7, 2008
  10. e.g. at the universities of Montpellier and Leuven (see cite web|url=http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly/etexts/medicine/#MD02007 |title=Medicine: an exhibition of books relating to medicine and surgery from the collection formed by J.K. Lilly |publisher=Indiana.edu |accessdate=2010-01-19 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091214041352/http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly/etexts/medicine/ |archivedate=14 December 2009 |deadurl=no |df= ).
  11. cite web|url=https://archive.org/details/AvicennasCanonOfMedicine%7Ctitle=Avicenna's Canon Of Medicine|first=|last=Cibeles Jolivette Gonzalez|publisher=|via=Internet Archive
  12. cite web |url=http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/avicenna-index |title=Avicenna", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Version 2006 |publisher=Iranica.com |accessdate=2010-01-19