Duwatsu Barisan

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Taswirar Geological na Bukit Barisan

Bukit Barisan ko Duwatsu Barisan wani tsaunuka ne a yammacin Sumatra, Indonesia, wanda ya kai kusan kilomita 1,700 (1,050 mi) daga arewa zuwa kudancin tsibirin. Yankin Bukit Barisan ya ƙunshi manyan duwatsu masu aman wuta da aka lulluɓe a cikin dazuzzukan daji masu yawa, gami da dazuzzukan ciyayi masu zafi na Sumatran a kan tudu mafi tsayi.[1] Mafi girman kololuwar zangon shine Dutsen Kerinci a tsawon mita 3,800 (12,467 ft).[2] Wurin shakatawa na Bukit Barisan Selatan yana kusa da ƙarshen iyakar.

Sunan Bukit Barisan a haƙiƙa yana nufin "jere na tuddai" ko "tsaunukan da ke yin jere" a cikin Malay, don kewayon ya kai ƙarshen tsibirin Sumatra.

Akwai aman wuta guda 35 a cikin Bukit Barisan. Babban dutsen mai aman wuta mafi girma shine Toba mai aman wuta mai nisan kilomita 100 (mil 62) × 30 km (mil mil 19) Tafkin Toba, wanda aka ƙirƙira bayan rushewar caldera (est. a cikin 74,000 Kafin Zuwan).[3] An kiyasta fashewar ya kasance a mataki na takwas akan ma'aunin VEI, mafi girma da zai iya yin aman wuta.

Jerin dutsen mai aman wuta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An samo jerin abubuwan da ke biyowa daga Shirin Volcanism na Duniya na Cibiyar Smithsonian.[4]

Suna Siffar Girma Ƙarshe fashewa (VEI) Yanayin ƙasa
Weh stratovolcano 617 mita (kafa 2,024) Pleistocene 5.82°N 95.28°E
Seulawah Agam stratovolcano 1,810 mita (kafa 5,940) 1839 (2) 5.448°N 95.658°E
Peuet Sague hadaddun volcano 2,801 mita (kafa 9,190) 25 Disamba 2000 (2) 4.914°N 96.329°E
Geureudong stratovolcano 2,885 mita (kafa 9,465) 1937 4.813°N 96.82°E
Dutsen Leuser wanda ba mai aman wuta ba 3,466 mita (kafa 11,371) 3°44′29″N 97°9′18″E
Kembar garkuwa volcano 2,245 mita (kafa 7,365) Pleistocene 3.850°N 97.664°E
Sibayak stratovolcano 2,212 mita (kafa 7,257) 1881 3.23°N 98.52°E
Sinabung stratovolcano 2,460 mita (kafa 8,070) 7 Satumba 2010 3.17°N 98.392°E
Toba supervolcano 2,157 mita (kafa 7,077) cca 75.000 shekaru da suka wuce 2.58°N 98.83°E
Helatoba-Tarutung fumarole field 1,100 mita (kafa 3,600) Pleistocene 2.03°N 98.93°E
Imun wanda ba a sani ba 1,505 mita (kafa 4,938) wanda ba a sani ba 2.158°N 98.93°E
Sibualbuali stratovolcano 1,819 mita (kafa 5,968) wanda ba a sani ba 1.556°N 99.255°E
Lubukraya stratovolcano 1,862 mita (kafa 6,109) wanda ba a sani ba 1.478°N 99.209°E
Sorikmarapi stratovolcano 2,145 mita (7,037) 1986 (1) 0.686°N 99.539°E
Talakmau complex volcano 2,919 mita (kafa 9,577) wanda ba a sani ba 0.079°N 99.98°E
Sarik-Gajah volcanic cone wanda ba a sani ba wanda ba a sani ba 0.008°N 100.20°E
Marapi complex volcano 2,891 mita (kafa 9,485) 5 Agusta 2004 (2) 0.381°S 100.473°E
Tandikat stratovolcano 2,438 mita (kafa 7,999) 1924 (1) 0.433°S 100.317°E
Talang stratovolcano 2,597 mita (kafa 8,520) 12 Afrilu 2005 (2) 0.978°S 100.679°E
Kerinci stratovolcano 3,800 mita (kafa 12,500) 22 Yuni 2004 (2) 1.697°S 101.264°E
Hutapanjang stratovolcano 2,021 mita (kafa 6,631) wanda ba a sani ba 2.33°S 101.60°E
Sumbing stratovolcano 2,507 mita (kafa 8,225) 23 Mayu 1921 (2) 2.414°S 101.728°E
Kunyit stratovolcano 2,151 mita (kafa 7,057) wanda ba a sani ba 2.592°S 101.63°E
Pendan wanda ba a sani ba wanda ba a sani ba wanda ba a sani ba 2.82°S 102.02°E
Belirang-Beriti compound 1,958 mita (kafa 6,424) wanda ba a sani ba 2.82°S 102.18°E
Bukit Daun stratovolcano 2,467 mita (kafa 8,094) wanda ba a sani ba 3.38°S 102.37°E
Kaba stratovolcano 1,952 mita (kafa 6,404) 22 Agusta 2000 (1) 3.52°S 102.62°E
Dempo stratovolcano 3,173 mita (kafa 10,410) Oktoba 1994 (1) 4.03°S 103.13°E
Patah wanda ba a sani ba 2,817 mita (kafa 9,242) wanda ba a sani ba 4.27°S 103.30°E
Bukit Lumut Balai stratovolcano 2,055 mita (kafa 6,742) wanda ba a sani ba 4.23°S 103.62°E
Besar stratovolcano 1,899 mita (kafa 6,230) Afrilu 1940 (1) 4.43°S 103.67°E
Ranau caldera 1,881 mita (kafa 6,171) wanda ba a sani ba 4.83°S 103.92°E
Sekincau Belirang caldera 1,719 mita (kafa 5,640) wanda ba a sani ba 5.12°S 104.32°E
Suoh caldera 1,000 mita (kafa 3,300) 10 Yuli 1933 (4) 5.25°S 104.27°E
Hulubelu caldera 1,040 mita (kafa 3,410) 1836 5.35°S 104.60°E
Rajabasa stratovolcano 1,281 mita (kafa 4,203) 1798 5.78°S 105.625°E

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Travelling in Indonesia Archived ga Augusta, 18, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Template:Cite gvp
  3. Oppenheimer, C. (2002). "Limited global change due to the largest known Quaternary eruption, Toba ≈74 kyr BP?". Quaternary Science Reviews. 21 (14–15): 1593–1609. doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(01)00154-8.
  4. "Volcanoes of Indonesia - Sumatra". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on 30 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-17.