Erta Ale

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Erta Ale (ko Ertale ko Irta'ale; Amharic: ኤርታሌ) yana cigaba da aiki dutsen mai fitar da wuta a yankin Afar na arewa maso gabashin Habasha. Yana cikin yankin bakin ciki na Afar, yankin hamada maras amfani. Erta Ale shine dutsen da ke aiki sosai a Habasha.

Ilimin kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Erta Ale yana da tsayin mita 613 (ƙafa 2,011), tare da ɗayan ko wani lokaci tafkuna biyu masu aiki a taron wanda a wasu lokutan kan cika gefen kudu na dutsen mai fitad da wuta. Sanannen sananne ne don riƙe tafkin lava mafi dadewa, yanzu tun farkon shekarun karni na ashirin (1906). Volcanoes tare da lava lakes ne sosai rare: akwai takwas ne kawai a duniya.[1]

Erta Ale na nufin "dutsen da yake hayaki" a cikin harshen Afar na gida kuma ramin da ke kudu da shi an san shi da gida kamar "ƙofar Wuta". A shekara ta 2009, wata tawaga daga BBC ta tsara ta ta amfani da dabaru mai amfani da fuska uku,[2] domin kungiyar masu taswirar su kiyaye tazara kuma su guji yanayin zafi mai zafi.

Erta Ale ya kasance a kan tsarin Rift na Gabashin Afirka, wanda sau uku ne na mahaɗan mahaɗan wanda motsinsu ke haifar da samuwar wani kwata-kwata ko ɓaraka. Dutsen tsaunin ya kunshi kayan da aka lalata wadanda aka kawo su saman da aka yi sanadiyyar rashin sakin alkyabbar saboda wannan tsagewar da aka samu.

An yi wata babbar fashewa a ranar 25 ga Satumbar 2005 wanda ya kashe dabbobi 250 ya kuma tilasta dubban mazauna kusa da su tserewa.[3] Akwai ƙarin kwararar ruwa a cikin watan Agusta na 2007, wanda ya tilasta kwashe ɗaruruwan kuma ya ɓace biyu.[4] Wani fashewa a ranar 4 ga Nuwamba Nuwamba 2008 masana kimiyya a Jami'ar Addis Ababa suka ruwaito.[5] An sake bayar da rahoton sake fashewar a watan Janairun 2017.[6]

Tafiya zuwa Erta Ale[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Masu yawon bude ido da ke tsaye a bakin rami suna kallon ayyukan tafkin lava

Ba a san da yawa game da Erta Ale ba, kuma yankin da ke kewaye da shi wasu mawuyacin yanayi ne a duniya, yana mai sa tafiya ta kasance mai wahala da haɗari. Yankin na Afar kuma yana fuskantar rikice-rikicen kabilanci lokaci-lokaci saboda gwagwarmayar hadewa tsakanin mutanen yankin na Afar. A ranar 17 ga Janairun 2012, an kaiwa wasu gungun Turawa masu yawon bude ido hari a Erta Ale. An kashe 'yan yawon bude ido biyar, an kame biyu a matsayin wadanda aka yi garkuwa da su sannan wasu bakwai suka ji rauni.[7] Jam’iyyar Democratic Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front (ARDUF) ta dauki alhakin kai harin[8] kuma ta saki ‘yan yawon bude ido biyu da aka sace a watan Maris din 2012.[9] Daya daga cikin jagororin tafiye tafiye ya bada shawarar daukar haya "daya ko watakila masu gadi dauke da makamai ko 'yan sanda" a matsayin jagororin ziyarci Erta Ale.[10] Kamfanonin yawon shakatawa na kasuwanci suna ba da rangadi zuwa Erta Ale waɗanda galibi suna tare da rakiyar sojoji.

A cikin watan Disambar 2017, an harbe wani bajamushe dan yawon bude ido yayin da yake gangarowa Erta Ale.[11]

A cikin al'adun gargajiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An nuna tafkin lava akan Erta Ale a takaice yayin fim din 2010 Clash of the Titans yayin tafiyar inda Perseus yayi tafiya zuwa lahira. Erta Ale yana cikin 2016 Werner Herzog shirin gaskiya, Into the Inferno.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Rare lava lake discovered on remote island is one of only eight". cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  2. Hottest Place On Earth, Episode 2 at bbc.co.uk
  3. "Focus on Ethiopia, September 2005" Archived 2010-10-05 at the Wayback Machine, UN-OCHA .
  4. "Fears after volcano in Ethiopia". BBC News. 2007-08-15. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
  5. there was also one in 2009.
  6. "New flank eruption at Erta Ale volcano, Ethiopia". The Watchers - Daily news service | Watchers.NEWS. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  7. "Deadly attack on tourists at Erta Ale - further details: 5 dead, 4 abducted and 7 wounded". VolcanoDiscovery. 18 January 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  8. "Erta Ale January (sic) 17 kidnapping – ARDUF claims responsability (sic), hostages said to be well". VolcanoDiscovery. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  9. "Kidnapped German tourists released (Erta Ale, Danakil, Ethiopia incident 17 Jan 2012)". VolcanoDiscovery. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  10. Briggs, Philip; Blatt, Brian (2009). Ethiopia: the Bradt Travel Guide (Fifth ed.). Chalfont St Peter: Bradt Travel Guides. p. 313. ISBN 978-1-84162-284-2.
  11. Berhane, Daniel (2017-12-05). "An armed group from Eritrea kills a German in Erta Ale, Ethiopia". Horn Affairs. Retrieved 2017-12-07.

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]