Girl group

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

A girl group Ƙungiyar 'yan mata wani wasan kwaikwayo ne na kiɗa da ke nuna mawaƙa mata da yawa waɗanda suka dace da juna. Ana kuma amfani da kalmar "ƙungiyar 'yan mata" a cikin ma'ana mai zurfi a cikin Amurka don nuna alamar ƙungiyoyin mawaƙan mata na Amurka, waɗanda yawancinsu Doo-wop suka rinjayi su kuma suka bunƙasa a ƙarshen 1950s da farkon 1960 tsakanin shekarun 1960 . raguwar dutsen farko da birgima da fara mamayewar Burtaniya[1][2] Ƙungiyoyin mata duka, waɗanda mambobi kuma suke yin kida, yawanci ana ɗaukarsu wani sabon abu ne daban. Ana kiran waɗannan ƙungiyoyi a wasu lokuta "Ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata" don bambanta,[3] ko da yake wannan kalma ba a bin duniya.


Tare da zuwan masana'antar kiɗa da watsa shirye-shiryen rediyo, ƙungiyar 'yan mata da yawa sun fito, irin su Andrews Sisters . Ƙarshen shekarun 1950 ya ga bullar ƙungiyoyin mawaƙa na mata duka a matsayin babban ƙarfi, tare da ƙungiyoyin mata daban-daban 750 suna fitar da waƙoƙin da suka kai ginshiƙi na kiɗan Amurka da na Burtaniya daga 1960 zuwa 1966. Mahukunta kadai sun gudanar da 12 lamba-daya a kan BillboardHot 100 a lokacin tsayin raƙuman ruwa kuma a cikin yawancin mamayewar Birtaniyya sun yi hamayya da Beatles a cikin shahara. [4][5][5] [6][7]


A cikin zamani na gaba, za a yi amfani da samfurin ƙungiyar 'yan mata zuwa disco, R&B na zamani, da tsarin ƙasa, da kuma pop . Ingantacciyar masana'antar kiɗa ta duniya ta haifar da shaharar kidan pop mai dogaro da raye-raye wanda manyan lakabin rikodin ke jagoranta. Wannan fitowar, wacce Amurka, Burtaniya, Koriya ta Kudu da Japan suka jagoranta, ta haifar da shahararrun ayyukan, tare da ƙungiyoyi takwas da suka fara muhawara bayan 1990 sun sayar da fiye da kwafi miliyan 15 na kundin su . Tare da Spice Girls, 1990s kuma sun ga kasuwar da aka yi niyya don kungiyoyin 'yan mata sun canza daga masu sauraron maza zuwa ƙarar mace. A cikin 2010s, al'amarin K-pop ya haifar da haɓaka ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata masu nasara ciki har da 'Yan Mata, Blackpink, da Sau Biyu.[8] [9][10] [11]


Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ɗaya daga cikin manyan ƙungiyoyin mata na farko shine Hamilton Sisters da Fordyce, 'yar Amurka uku da suka yi nasarar zagayawa Ingila da sassa na Turai a 1927, nadi kuma sun bayyana a gidan rediyon BBC. – sun zagaya iri-iri na Amurka da manyan gidajen wasan kwaikwayo da yawa, kuma daga baya sun canza sunan wasan su zuwa Uku X Sisters . Ƙungiyar ta kasance tare daga 1923 har zuwa farkon 1940s, kuma an san su da haɗin kai na kusa, da kuma salon wanzami ko sabbin wakoki, kuma sun yi amfani da nasarar da suka samu a rediyo na 1930. Sisters Uku su ma sun kasance sanannen ƙari ga wurin kiɗan, kuma sun annabta nasarar ƙungiyar 'yan mata daga baya ta hanyar ci gaba da shahararsu a cikin Babban Mawuyacin hali . Sisters Boswell, waɗanda suka zama ɗaya daga cikin shahararrun ƙungiyoyin mawaƙa daga 1930 zuwa 1936, sun sami nasara sama da ashirin. Sisters Andrews sun fara ne a cikin 1937 a matsayin ƙungiyar harajin Boswell kuma sun ci gaba da yin rikodi da yin aiki a cikin 1940s zuwa ƙarshen 1960s, suna samun ƙarin tallace-tallacen rikodin, ƙarin hits Billboard, ƙarin masu siyarwa miliyan, da ƙarin fitowar fim fiye da kowace ƙungiyar 'yan mata zuwa yau. . [12] 'Yan'uwan Andrews suna da kida sauƙaƙe a fadin nau'ikan galibi, wanda ya ba da gudummawa ga yadudduka da shahararrun ƙungiyar' yan matan.

Kamar yadda zamanin dutsen ya fara, haɗin kai yana aiki kamar Chordettes, Fontane Sisters, McGuire Sisters da DeCastro Sisters sun kasance masu shahara, tare da ayyuka uku na farko da suka wuce taswirar pop da na karshe mai lamba biyu, a karshen 1954 zuwa farkon 1955. Hakanan, 'Yan uwan Lennon sun kasance babban jigo a Nunin Lawrence Welk daga 1955 zuwa gaba. A farkon 1956, doo-wop daya-buga abin mamaki yayi kama da Bonnie Sisters tare da "Cry Baby" da Teen Queens tare da " Eddie My Love "ya nuna farkon alkawari don tashi daga jituwa na gargajiya. Tare da " Mr. Lee ", Bobbettes ya daɗe  watanni akan ginshiƙi a cikin 1957, haɓaka haɓakawa da samun ƙarin karbuwa ga duka-mace, ƙungiyoyin murya baki ɗaya . [13]

Duk da haka, waƙar Chantels '1958 " Wataƙila " ta zama "ba shakka, farkon sauti na ƙungiyar yarinya". The "cakuda na black doo-wop, rock and roll, and white pop" ya kasance mai jan hankali ga matasa masu sauraro kuma ya girma daga abin kunya da ya shafi payola da kuma tasirin zamantakewa na kiɗan rock . Koyaya, ƙungiyoyin farko irin su Chantels sun fara haɓaka ƙarfin kiɗan ƙungiyoyin su bisa ga al'ada, ta hanyar matsakaici kamar Latin da kiɗan mawaƙa. Nasarar Chantels da sauran sun biyo bayan babban haɓaka a cikin ƙungiyoyin' yan mata tare da ƙwarewa da ƙwarewa daban-daban, tare da alamun wariyar launin fata na masana'antar kiɗa na R&B da fashe a hankali suna watsewa. [14] Wannan tashin ya kuma ba da damar kamannin motsi na aji ga ƙungiyoyin mutanen da galibi ba za su iya samun irin wannan nasarar ba, kuma "kafa ƙungiyoyin murya tare da yanke bayanan ya ba su damar samun wasu damammaki zuwa ci gaban ƙwararru da ci gaban mutum, faɗaɗa ra'ayin yarinya kamar yadda ya kamata. ainihi a tsakanin jinsi da layin aji." Ƙungiyar sau da yawa ana la'akari da cewa ta sami nasarar ci gaba ta farko a cikin nau'in 'yan mata shine Shirelles, wanda ya fara kaiwa Top 40 tare da " Daren Yau ", kuma a cikin 1961, ya zama rukuni na farko na yarinya. don isa lamba ɗaya akan Hot 100 tare da " Za Ku So Ni Gobe ", da mawallafin mawaƙa Gerry Goffin da Carole King suka rubuta a 1650 Broadway . Shirelles sun ƙarfafa nasarar su tare da ƙarin manyan hits 10 guda biyar, musamman ma lamba ɗaya ta 1962 ta buga " Yaron Soja ", a cikin shekaru biyu da rabi masu zuwa. " Don Allah Mista Postman " ta Marvelettes ya zama babban nuni na haɗin kai tsakanin launin fata na shahararrun kiɗa, saboda ita ce waƙa ta farko a Amurka don lakabin mallakar Ba'amurke ɗan Afirka, Motown Records . Motown zai mallaki manyan kungiyoyin 'yan mata da yawa, ciki har da Martha da Vandellas, da Velvelettes, da kuma Supremes . [15]

Sauran marubutan waƙa da furodusoshi a Amurka da Burtaniya da sauri sun gane yuwuwar wannan sabuwar hanyar kuma sun ɗauki ayyukan da ake da su (ko, a wasu lokuta, sun ƙirƙiri sababbi) don yin rikodin waƙoƙin su a cikin salon ƙungiyar 'yan mata. Phil Spector ya dauki Crystals, Blossoms, da Ronettes, yayin da Goffin da King suka rubuta wakoki guda biyu don Kukis . Phil Spector ya yi tasiri mai yawa a ko'ina cikin rukunin 'yan mata, tare da kawo shahara da shahara ga manyan kungiyoyin 'yan mata. Phil Spector's abin da ake kira Wall of Sound, wanda ya yi amfani da yadudduka na kayan aiki don ƙirƙirar sauti mai ƙarfi ya ba wa ƙungiyoyin yarinya damar yin waƙa da ƙarfi kuma a cikin salo daban-daban fiye da al'ummomin da suka gabata. Jerry Leiber da Mike Stoller suma zasu inganta Exciters, Kofin Dixie, da Shangri-Las . Shangri-Las' ya buga guda ɗaya, " Shugaban Kunshin ", ya misalta " nau'in "digen mutuwa " wanda wasu ƙungiyoyin mata suka ɗauka. Wadannan wakoki galibi suna ba da labarin soyayyar samari da mutuwar daya daga cikin matasan masoyan.

Sisters na Paris sun sami nasara daga 1961 zuwa 1964, musamman tare da " Ina son yadda kuke sona ". Chiffons, Mala'iku, da Orlons suma sun shahara a farkon shekarun 1960. A farkon kaka 1963 abin mamaki daya buga Jaynetts '' Sally Go' Round the Roses '' sun sami sauti mai ban mamaki sabanin na kowace kungiyar 'yan mata. A cikin 1964, ƙungiyar al'ajabi guda ɗaya ta Murmaids ta ɗauki David Gates '' Popsicles da Icicles '' zuwa saman 3 a cikin Janairu, Masu Kula da ' Mu Love You Beatles ' sun kori saman 40 a cikin Afrilu, da Jewels ' ''Dama'' ya kasance dan kadan a watan Disamba.

Sama da ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata 750 sun sami damar tsara waƙa tsakanin 1960 da 1966 a cikin Amurka da Burtaniya, kodayake ba a jin isar nau'in a cikin masana'antar kiɗa na wasu yankuna. Kamar yadda al'adun matasa na yammacin Nahiyar Turai ta nutsar da su sosai a cikin Yé-yé, masu yin rikodin rikodi na Gabashin Asiya galibi sun bambanta daga mawaƙa na gargajiya, ƙungiyar mawaƙa ta gwamnati, [16] ko masu solo na al'adu da yawa da makada, yayin da bossa nova ya kasance mai salo a Latin Amurka. Tasirin kiɗan na duniya a ƙarshe ya fitar da ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata a matsayin nau'in kuma, sai dai kaɗan na ƙungiyoyin da aka ambata da yuwuwar Toys and the Sweet Inspirations, ƙungiyar 'yan mata guda ɗaya tare da kowane muhimmin ginshiƙi tun farkon mamayewar Burtaniya. a cikin 1970 kungiyoyin 'yan mata na Motown tare da Supremes su ne kawai ƙungiyar 'yan mata da suka ci lambar farko. Ƙungiyar 'yan mata ta musamman ba za ta sake fitowa ba har sai karni na 21, inda zai rinjayi masu magana da harshen Ingilishi na zamani waɗanda suka sami nasara a duniya, irin su Amy Winehouse, Adele, Duffy da Melanie Fiona da sauransu. . Baya ga yin tasiri ga mawaƙa guda ɗaya, wannan rukunin 'yan mata sun haɓaka tsari da ra'ayi na 'yan mata tare da ba da kwarin gwiwa ga ƙungiyoyi masu zuwa.

1966-1989: Canje-canje a cikin tsari da nau'o'i[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyar Waƙa Labelle, c. 1975

Shigar da 1970s, Supremes sun ci gaba da samun nasara tare da manyan 10 hits " Up the Ladder to Roof "da" Ƙaunar Dutse " tare da wasu 'yan wasa guda shida da ke nunawa a kan manyan 40 na Billboard. Wasu kungiyoyin 'yan mata guda biyu ne kawai suka yi manyan zane-zane 10 ta hanyar 1974 tare da " Son Tallace-tallace " ta Honey Cone da " Yaushe zan sake ganin ku " ta hanyar digiri uku (wanda ya samo asali a cikin 1960s da 1970, kamar Chantels a ciki). 1958, sun fara manyan ayyukan pop 40 tare da "Wataƙila"). Patti LaBelle da Bluebelles wata ƙungiyar 'yan mata ta Amurka ce ta 1960s wacce hotonta Vicki Wickham, manajan su, ya taimaka a sake gyarawa a farkon 1970s, ya sake sunan kungiyar Labelle kuma yana tura su zuwa glam rock . Labelle ita ce ƙungiyar 'yan mata ta farko da ta yi watsi da kayan da suka dace da kayan kida iri ɗaya, a maimakon haka suna sanye da manyan rigunan sararin samaniya da riguna masu fuka-fuki. A lokacin wasan kwaikwayo na wasan kwaikwayo da kuma bayan haka, ayyukan mata sun haɗa da Zaɓin Farko, Yarjejeniyar Azurfa, Hot, Emotions, High Inergy, Odyssey, Sister Sledge, Mary Jane Girls, Belle Epoque, Frantique, Luv', da Baccara . Ƙungiyoyi na shekarun 1980 kamar Sisters Sisters, Exposé, da Bananarama sun sabunta ra'ayi.

A cikin Latin Amurka, an sami ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata da yawa da suka dace da raye-raye a lokacin, waɗanda suka haɗa da Flans, Pandora da Fandango.

In Japan, all-female idol groups Candies and Pink Lady made a series of hits during the 1970s and 1980s as well. The Japanese music program Music Station listed Candies and Pink Lady in their Top 50 Idols of All Time (compiled in 2011), placing them at number 32 and number 15, with sales exceeding 5 and 13 million in Japan, respectively. With the single "Kiss in the Dark", Pink Lady was also one of only two Japanese artists to have reached the Billboard Top 40.

1990-yanzu: Zaman ƙungiyar 'yan mata na rawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

American R&B da hip hop[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tare da haɓaka sabon jack swing, R & B na zamani da hip hop, Ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata na Amurka irin su En Vogue, Exposé da Sweet Sensation duk suna da 'yan wasa waɗanda suka buga lamba ɗaya a kan sigogi. Ƙungiyoyi a cikin waɗannan nau'o'in, irin su SWV, Xscape, 702, Total, Zhane, Blaque, da 3LW, sun yi nasarar samun ginshiƙi na waƙoƙi a kan duka US Hot 100 da US R & B charts. Koyaya, TLC ta sami mafi girman nasara ga ƙungiyar 'yan mata a cikin zamanin da R&B na zamani zai zama karɓuwa ta duniya. TLC ta kasance ƙungiyar 'yan matan Amurka mafi siyar da rikodin miliyan 65, kuma kundi na biyu na studio, CrazySexyCool (1994), ya kasance mafi kyawun kundi na wata ƙungiyar yarinya a Amurka (shaidar Diamond), yayin siyar da sama da miliyan 14. kwafi a duniya. Destiny's Child ya fito a ƙarshen 1990s kuma ya sayar da fiye da miliyan 60.

A tsakiyar-zuwa ƙarshen-2000s, an sami farfaɗowar ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata. Ƙungiyar 'yan matan Amurka da ƙungiyar raye-rayen Pussycat Dolls sun sami nasara a duniya tare da ƙwararrun su. Ƙungiyar 'yan mata Danity Kane kuma ta zama ƙungiyar 'yan mata ta farko a tarihin Billboard don samun kundi guda biyu a jere-ɗaya, a matsayin kundi na farko mai suna (2006) da kundinsu na biyu Barka da zuwa Dollhouse (2008) duka biyun sun kasance a kan Billboard na Amurka 200 . [17] Kungiyoyin 'yan mata yanzu sun fi shahara idan aka kwatanta da farkon 2000s.

Kungiyoyin 'yan mata sun ci gaba da samun nasarar su a cikin 2010s. Ƙungiyar 'yan mata ta Miami ta Fifth Harmony ta kafa a 2012 akan The X Factor USA . Sun kai ga nasara na kasa da kasa tare da kundi na farko da suka fara Tunani, wanda ya fito da bugu mai suna " Worth It ".

Mamaye na Biyu na Burtaniya da Turai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Watsawa cikin tsakiyar 1990s, 'yan matan Spice sun zama ƙungiyar 'yan mata mafi siyar da kowane lokaci .

A farkon shekarun 1990, makada maza ne suka mamaye fagen wakokin Burtaniya. Ƙungiyar 'yan mata kawai da ke yin tasiri a kan ginshiƙi na Birtaniya a lokacin shine Madawwami, amma har ma sun kasance "sun kasance marasa fuska". A cikin mamayar da Amurka ta yi wa tsarin kungiyar 'yan mata, mamayar Burtaniya ta biyu ta ga ' yan matan Spice Girls na Burtaniya sun juya halin da ake ciki a tsakiyar shekarun 1990, inda suka kai lamba 1 guda goma a Burtaniya da Amurka. Tare da sayar da kide kide da wake-wake, tallace-tallace, tallace-tallace, tallace-tallacen rikodin rikodin miliyan 86 a duk duniya, kundi mafi kyawun siyarwa na kowane lokaci ta ƙungiyar mata, [18] da fim, 'Yan matan Spice sun zama ƙungiyar Birtaniyya mafi cin kasuwa ta kasuwanci tun lokacin. Beatles . Ba kamar magabata ba waɗanda aka sayar da su ga masu siyan rikodin maza, Spice Girls sun sake fasalta ra'ayin ƙungiyar yarinya ta hanyar bin matashiyar fanbase maimakon.

Ƙungiyar al'adun da Spice Girls ta fara ta haifar da wasu ayyuka masu kama da juna, waɗanda suka haɗa da kayan aikin Birtaniya-Kanada All Saints, Irish girl group B * Witched, Atomic Kitten da Honeyz, waɗanda duk sun sami matakan nasara daban-daban a cikin shekaru goma. A cikin shekarun 2000, ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata daga Burtaniya sun kasance sananne, tare da Girls Aloud 's " Sound of the Underground " da Sugababes " Round Round " ana kiransu "manyan manyan hits biyu" da aka lasafta tare da sake fasalin kiɗan kiɗan Burtaniya don wasan. 2000s. Duk da kasancewarta mai zane-zane, Kundin Amy Winehouse na 2006 Back to Black ya ƙunshi babban tasiri daga ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata na 1960 da kuma kwatankwacin kwatancen Winehouse zuwa Ronettes. Ƙungiyar 'yan mata ta Birtaniya ta ci gaba da samun nasara a cikin 2000s da 2010s, tare da ayyuka irin su Mis-Teeq, Asabar, StooShe da Little Mix, waɗanda su ne rukuni na farko da suka taba lashe kyautar Birtaniya ta X Factor .

Fitowar kungiyoyin 'yan matan Asiya na rawa-pop[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ko da yake fitowar ayyukan rawa-pop a Asiya ya yi daidai da takwarorinsu na Biritaniya a cikin 1990s, ƙungiyoyin mata a Asiya sun ci gaba da kasancewa cikin nasara a cikin 2010s. Japan tana da kasuwa mafi girma na biyu mafi girma na masana'antar kiɗa gabaɗaya kuma mafi girman kasuwar kiɗan ta zahiri a duniya, tare da siyar da siyar da Oricon Singles Chart wanda ƙungiyoyin 'yan matan tsafi J-pop ke mamaye su. A cikin ƙarshen 1990s, ƙwararrun ‘yan mata Speed da Max sun sami shahara a Asiya, kuma sun ba da dama ga ƙungiyoyin ‘yan mata na Japan da suka ci nasara, irin su Morning Musume, AKB48, Turare, da Momoiro Clover Z. Speed ya sayar da jimillar kwafi miliyan 20 a Japan cikin shekaru uku, tare da Iri-iri yana kiran su "Ƙungiyar 'yan mata ta Japan", yayin da Max har yanzu yana riƙe da rikodin ƙungiyar 'yan mata tare da na biyu mafi girma a jere 10 a Japan. A cikin shekarun 2010, an ƙaddamar da ƙungiyoyin 'yan'uwa AKB48 ko za a ƙaddamar da su a Indonesia, China, Thailand, Taiwan, Philippines, da Vietnam. Sabbin ƙungiyoyin tsafi na Japan da yawa sun bayyana a cikin 2010s kuma sun haifar da yanayi mai zafi a cikin masana'antar kiɗa, wanda ake kira "Idol sengoku jidai " (アイドル戦国時代; lit. Age of the Idol Warring States).   Tun daga 2009, Hallyu (Korean wave) da K-pop sun zama mafi mahimmanci a cikin masana'antar nishaɗi. Tasirinsa ya bazu ko'ina cikin Asiya kuma ya fara isa Gabas ta Tsakiya, Arewacin Afirka, Turai da Amurka. Tun da farko, kungiyoyin 'yan mata irin su 'yan mata, 2NE1 da Wonder Girls suna daga cikin shugabannin wannan "Hallyu". Tasirin ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata na asali na Amurka ba a rasa ba a wannan zamanin na masu fasaha, saboda mutane da yawa sun karɓi tasirin gani ta hanyar tunaninsu na "retro", kamar na 2008 na duniya ya buga " Babu wanda " ta Wonder Girls.

Daga rabin na biyu na shekarun 2010, sabbin tsararru na kungiyoyin 'yan matan Koriya sun fito kuma sun sami babban nasara yayin da ake ci gaba da habaka duniya ta igiyar ruwan Koriya. Waɗannan sabbin ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata sun ƙaura sannu a hankali zuwa ƙarin ra'ayoyin "murkushe yarinya" kuma ya zama ruwan dare ga membobin su shiga rubuce-rubuce ko samarwa. Shahararrun kungiyoyin 'yan matan Koriya ta Kudu sun hada da Blackpink, Sau biyu, Aespa, NewJeans, IVE da Red Velvet da sauransu. (((others. [19]

Jigogi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata suna da nau'o'in batutuwa masu yawa a cikin waƙoƙin su, dangane da lokaci da wuri da kuma wanda ke tsarawa. Har ila yau, waƙoƙin suna da sha'awar nuna yanayin siyasa da al'adun da ke kewaye da su. Alal misali, waƙoƙin da ke da zagi sun kasance da yawa a cikin shekarun 1950-1970. Wani sanannen misali shine waƙar " Ya Buga Ni (Kuma Ya Ji Kamar Sumba) " ta Crystals . A lokacin "zuriyar zinare na kungiyoyin 'yan mata", waƙoƙin sun bambanta, kama daga waƙoƙi game da karnuka masu ma'ana zuwa ciki marasa haihuwa. Duk da haka, an kuma sami ra'ayoyin gama gari a cikin ra'ayoyi kamar sabon soyayya, jin daɗi bayan murkushe ko masoyi, da ɓacin rai. Wasu waƙoƙin suna jin daɗi ko farin ciki kuma suna rera waƙa game da soyayya, yayin da wasu suka ɗauki juzu'i mai mahimmanci. Ƙungiyoyi kamar Shangri-Las, tare da waƙar " Ba zan iya komawa gida ba " sun raira waƙa game da gefen duhu na kasancewa cikin soyayya. ((love. [20] ())

samartaka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babban jigo na musamman shine samartaka. Tun da yawancin kungiyoyin 'yan mata sun ƙunshi matasa mawaƙa, sau da yawa har yanzu a makarantar sakandare, waƙoƙin da aka ambata iyaye a lokuta da yawa. Har ila yau samartaka ya kasance abin farin ciki saboda fitowar masu sauraro na yara mata masu sauraro da siyan bayanai. Ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata sun ƙarfafa samartaka don haɓaka hoton matasa, tun da "wani misalin da ba a taɓa yin irinsa ba na 'yan mata matasa sun mamaye matakin al'adun kasuwanci na yau da kullum". Misali na wannan alamar matasa na iya zama Baby Spice daga Spice Girls . An nuna wannan ta hanyar bunƙasa kamar yawancin kayan da suka dace da ƙungiyoyin mata na tsakiyar ƙarni da abubuwan samari a cikin waƙoƙi. Kungiyoyin 'yan mata na zamanin 1950 su ma suna ba wa wasu 'yan mata nasiha, ko kuma su rera waka game da shawarar da iyayensu mata suka ba su, wanda ya yi kama da wasu kungiyoyin mawakan maza na lokacin (misali, Miracles '' '' Shop Around '').

Har ila yau, samartaka yana da mahimmanci (musamman farawa a cikin 1950s) daga sauran ƙarshen: masu amfani sun kasance "matasa (masu samun kudin shiga), shirye-shiryen damar yin amfani da motoci, da kuma haɗakar da manyan makarantun da suka fallasa su ga adadi mai yawa na sauran matasa. Al'adun matasa sun kasance. haihuwa." ((born." [21] ))

Ƙaunar mata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yayin da tsarin ƙungiyar 'yan mata ya ci gaba har zuwa tsararraki masu zuwa, an shigar da shahararrun al'adun gargajiya a cikin kiɗan. An kara bayyanar da " ikon yarinya " da kuma mata, kodayake ƙungiyoyin farawa sun kasance da tsari sosai a cikin mata. Zai zama mai sauƙi a nuna cewa ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata sun rera waƙa ne kawai game da soyayya; akasin haka, kungiyoyi da dama sun bayyana ra’ayoyi masu sarkakiya a cikin wakokinsu. Akwai wakokin goyon baya, wakoki masu gulma da sauransu; kamar kowane motsi na kiɗa, akwai bambanci sosai a cikin abin da ake rerawa. Babban jigo sau da yawa shi ne koyar da "abin da ake nufi da zama mace". Ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata za su nuna yadda mace ta kasance daga tufafin da suke sanye da ainihin kalmomin da ke cikin waƙoƙin su. Tabbas wannan ya canza tsawon shekaru (abin da Manyan Manyan suke sawa ya bambanta da Spice Girls), amma ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata har yanzu suna zama tashoshi da misalan wasu nau'ikan ainihi ga masu sauraron su tsawon shekaru.

A cikin 1990s zuwa yanzu, tare da yawaitar kungiyoyi irin su Spice Girls, an ba da muhimmanci sosai ga 'yancin kai na mata da kuma irin nau'in mata. A taƙaice, waƙar ta fi ƙwaƙƙwaran waƙa kuma ba ta dogara da ɓarna ba. Wannan rukunin 'yan mata na baya-bayan nan ya fi tsokanar jima'i kuma, wanda ke da ma'ana a cikin kiɗan pop a cikin wannan lokacin kuma.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jerin kungiyoyin 'yan mata
  • Jerin kungiyoyin 'yan mata da aka fi siyar
  • Jerin tafiye-tafiyen kide-kide da suka fi girma na kungiyoyin 'yan mata
  • Band-mace duka
  • Mata a cikin kiɗa
  • Yaro band
  • Dreamgirls, fim ɗin kiɗa na 1981 da fim ɗin 2006 wanda ya ƙunshi ƙwarewar ƙungiyoyin 'yan mata a yankin Motown

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Rutledge, Meredith E. (15 April 2013). "The Fabulous Girl Groups | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum". Rockhall.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  2. "Girl Groups - A Short History". History-of-rock.com. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  3. Claudia Mitchell, Jacqueline Reid-Walsh (1 January 2008). Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313339080. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  4. As evidence of the popularity of the Supremes, during and after the British Invasion, on 21 May 1977 edition of American Top 40, Casey Kasem noted that the Supremes, more than any other act, dethroned the Beatles from the Hot 100's summit three times.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Girl Groups". Girl Groups. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  6. Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research, Inc.com. pp. 950, 959, 964, 967, 969, 970, 983, 984, 988–990. ISBN 978-0-89820-155-0.
  7. As evidence of the popularity of the Supremes, during and after the British Invasion, on 21 May 1977 edition of American Top 40, Casey Kasem noted that the Supremes, more than any other act, dethroned the Beatles from the Hot 100's summit three times.
  8. Held, David (1999). Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture - Google Books. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804736275. Retrieved 4 June 2014 – via Google Books.
  9. Harlow, John (27 October 1996). "Wannabe like me?". The Sunday Times. p. 16. Samfuri:ProQuest. Retrieved 30 March 2021 – via ProQuest.
  10. Smith, Andrew (22 August 1999). "Girls on top. After Spice, all-girl groups are dominating the charts. They're successful, but who's got the power?". The Observer. p. 7. Samfuri:ProQuest. Retrieved 30 March 2021 – via ProQuest.
  11. Aniftos, Rania (May 27, 2022). "Billboard Explains: The Evolution of Girl Groups". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 27, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2023.
  12. Swing It! The Andrews Sisters Story, John Sforza, University Press of Kentucky, 2000
  13. Alan Betrock Girl groups: the story of a sound 1982 p.148
  14. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named smithsonianmag.com
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named turner
  16. Category:Maoist_China_propaganda_songs
  17. Making the Band/The Rise and Fall of Danity Kane, MTV (30 April 2009). Retrieved on 2009-04-30.
  18. Timeline: Spice Girls BBC News, 28 June 2007
  19. "Top 15 Most Popular K-Pop Girl Groups (2023)". OMFOO. 2023-06-27. Retrieved 2023-12-14.
  20. Jonze, Tim (23 July 2014). "60s girl groups: 10 of the best". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  21. "Sisters With Voices: A Brief History of Girl Groups". The Learned Fangirl (in Turanci). 7 April 2016. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.