Harshan cornish

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Cornish
Kernewek
Kernowek
Furucci
  • kw (Kernewek)
  • kw (Kernewek)
  • kw (Kernewek)
  • kw (Kernewek)
  • kw (Kernowek)
  • kw (Kernowek)
Asali a United Kingdom
Yanki Cornwall
Ƙabila Cornish
End of 18th century[1][2][3][4]
Revival 20th century (563 L2 users as of the 2021 Census:[5] 557 in 2011)[6]
Asali na yanzu
Standard Written Form
Latin alphabet
Official status
Recognised minority language in
Regulated by Cornish Language Partnership
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-1 kw
ISO 639-2 cor
ISO 639-3 Variously:Samfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelistSamfuri:Infobox language/codelist
cnx Middle Cornish
  oco Old Cornish
Glottolog corn1251[7]
Linguasphere 50-ABB-a
As of 2010, Cornish is classified as Critically Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger[8]
Mai magana da yaren Cornish

Kw(standard Written Form: Kernewek ko Kernowek; [kəɾˈnuːək]) yare ne na Kudu maso Yammacin Brittonic na dangin yaren Celtic . harshen da aka farfado, bayan ya ƙare a matsayin harshen al'umma mai rai a Cornwall a ƙarshen ƙarni na 18. , ilimin Cornish, gami da ikon yin magana har zuwa wani mataki, ya ci gaba da wucewa a cikin iyalai da mutane, [1] kuma farfadowa ya fara a farkon karni na 20. [9] yana yawan masu magana da Harshe na biyu, [1] kuma ƙananan iyalai yanzu suna tayar da yara don yin magana da Cornish a matsayin yare na farko. [2] halin yanzu an san shi a ƙarƙashin Yarjejeniyar Turai don Yankin ko Harsunan Ƙananan, [1] kuma ana bayyana yaren a matsayin muhimmin ɓangare na asalin Cornish, al'adu da al'adun. [2] [3]

Tare da Welsh da Breton, Cornish ya fito ne daga Harshen Brittonic na yau da kullun da ake magana a ko'ina cikin Biritaniya kafin harshen Ingilishi ya mamaye. [10] yawa, har sai Ingilishi ya tura shi zuwa yamma, shine babban yaren Cornwall, yana riƙe da alaƙa ta kusa da yaren 'yar'uwarsa Breton, wanda yake fahimtar juna, watakila har ma da lokacin da ake ci gaba da magana da Cornish a matsayin yaren gargajiya. Cornish ya ci gaba da aiki a matsayin Harshen al'umma na yau da kullun a wasu sassan Cornwall har zuwa tsakiyar karni na 18. Akwai wasu shaidu [11] ilimin harshe da ke ci gaba har zuwa karni na 19, mai yiwuwa kusan kusan ya mamaye farkon kokarin farfadowa.

An fara aiwatar da farfado da harshe a farkon karni na 20, kuma a cikin 2010, UNESCO ta ba da sanarwar cewa tsohuwar rarraba harshe a matsayin "ya ƙare" "ba daidai ba ne". Tun lokacin da aka farfado wa harshe, an buga wasu litattafan Cornish da ayyukan wallafe-wallafen, kuma yawan mutane suna nazarin harshe. suka faru kwanan nan sun haɗa da kiɗa na Cornish, fina-finai masu zaman kansu, da littattafan yara. kawo ƙananan mutane a Cornwall don zama masu magana da Harsuna biyu, [1] [2] kuma ana koyar da yaren a makarantu kuma yana bayyana a kan tituna. [3] [4] buɗe Kula da rana ta farko ta harshen Cornish a cikin 2010.

Rarraba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Cornish yare ne na Kudu maso Yammacin Brittonic, [12] reshe ne na sashin Insular Celtic na dangin yaren Celtic, wanda shine sub-family na dangin harshen Indo-Turai. Brittonic kuma ya haɗa da Welsh, Breton, Cumbric kuma mai yiwuwa Pictish, biyun na ƙarshe sun ƙare. Scottish Gaelic, Irish da Manx suna daga cikin reshen Goidelic na Insular Celtic.

  1. Spriggs, Matthew (2003). Payton, Philip (ed.). "Where Cornish was Spoken and When: A Provisional Synthesis". Cornish Studies. Second Series. Institute of Cornish Studies, University of Exeter Press. 11: 228–269. Archived from the original on 26 April 2023 – via ResearchGate.
  2. Ó Riagáin, Dónall (13 January 2015). "Cracks in the foundation of a language empire – the resurgence of autochthonous lesser used languages in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland". In Stolz, Christel (ed.). Language Empires in Comparative Perspective. Berlin / München / Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 77–88. doi:10.1515/9783110408362.77. ISBN 9783110408362. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  3. MacAulay, Donald (1992). The Celtic languages. Cambridge University Press. p. 346. ISBN 0521231272. OCLC 24541026.
  4. Ball, Martin J.; Müller, Nicole, eds. (2009). The Celtic Languages (2nd ed.). Hoboken: Taylor & Francis. p. 491. ISBN 9780203882481. OCLC 438705548.
  5. "Main language (detailed) - Office for National Statistics". ONS.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 29 November 2022. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  6. "Number of Welsh, Gaelic, Irish and Cornish speakers from the 2011 Census". ONS.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  7. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Cornish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  8. Samfuri:Cite UNESCO Atlas
  9. Garry Tregidga. Missing |author1= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. Empty citation (help)
  11. Empty citation (help)
  12. Empty citation (help)