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Imambara Zadibal

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Imambara Zadibal
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 34°06′38″N 74°48′10″E / 34.110556°N 74.802778°E / 34.110556; 74.802778

Imambara Zadibal shine Imbara na farko da aka gina a cikin Kwarin Kashmir ta Kaji Chak, minista a lokacin mulkin Sultan Mohammad a shekara ta 1518. Wannan Imbara an ƙone ta an lalata ta da yawa.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Imambara Zadibal ɗayan tsoffin kayayyakin tarihi na Kashmir, yana cikin jihar Jammu da Kashmir, waɗanda Indiya ke gudanarwa. Yana cikin yankin Zadibal a cikin Srinagar zuwa yamma da sansanin. An gina shi a cikin 1518, Kaji Chak, wanda yake minista tare da Sultan Mohammed Shah, ya gina wannan wurin bautar. Wannan ginin mai hawa biyu yana daya daga cikin tsoffin wuraren tarihi a kwarin Kashmir. Yana zaune a kan layin gine-ginen Farisa, wannan wurin bautar ya tsufa kuma wannan sanannen wuri ne na yawon shakatawa. Daga 1548 AD zuwa 1872 AD, ginin ya cinna wuta sau goma sha ɗaya kuma an sake gina shi kowane lokaci. Kwanan nan, tsohuwar Imambara aka saukar da ita 2004 don sake fasali da sake gina wurin bautar da ke tsaye a yau. Wurin ibadar yana da girma don ɗaukar baƙi fiye da 32,000 a lokaci guda.

Akwai labarai daban-daban game da ginin Imambara Zadibal, amma tarihi ya ce Tajik Shah ya ba da kyautar ƙasar zadibal ga Mir Shamshud din Iraqi, wanda ya gabatar da addinin Shi'a ga Kashmir kuma ya rinjayi jami'an gwamnatin wancan lokacin.

Sannan dangin Mir Shamshud ɗin Iraqi, wanda kabarinsa ba shi da 'yan kaɗan kaɗan daga Imambara Zadibal, sun zauna a wurin. Zuriyarsa ta biyar sun gina masallacinsu na sirri kuma sun zauna kusa da farkon karni na ashirin da daya. Sun ware filaye masu amfani don samar da kudi don kula da masallaci. Sun riƙe haƙƙin mallaka ga kansu amma sun ba maƙwabtansu damar yin addu'a a can.

Ta zama babbar cibiyar karatun mabiya Ahlul baiti. Dattawan dangin Markdar zasu koyar game da addini. Sun kuma gina Hamam don amfani dashi azaman masaukin baƙi don matafiya masu zuwa daga Baltistan da sauran yankuna masu nisa. A lokacin Maharaja Ghulab Singh wanda yake son ya rike dukkan cibiyoyin karkashin ikon mulkinsa ta hanyar wakilansa (Jalalis) ta yadda babu wanda zai iya yi masa tawaye. Sannan rikici ya ɓarke tsakanin Jalalis da Markdars. Ya ci gaba har tsawon shekaru 150.

A lokacin Firayim Minista na Kashmir Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad, 'Yan kasuwar sun ba da gudummawar Imambara ga' yan Shi'a kuma daga baya ƙungiyar Shi'a ta ɗauki nauyin kula da ita. Shiungiyar Shia ta sayi ƙasar da ke kusa da Imambara daga Markdars ta yarjejeniyoyi daban-daban, gami da musayar yare da biyan kuɗi. Kwanan nan, Marigayi Molvi Iftikhar Hussein Ansari ya gyara Imambara.

Gine-gine[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Saurin tsarin gine-ginen Fasiya, Imambara Zadibal gini ne mai hawa biyu. Ana yin sa ne da tubalin gabas. Tubalin Maharaji ya mamaye yanki mai girman murabba'in mita 75. Wannan gidan ibada yana da rawanin bene da yawa da ake kira Gulam Gardish. Akwai tsakiyar matakin ƙasa ana kiransa Pokhr. Hakanan yana da babban ɗakin hoto tare da ƙofofi huɗu.

A halin yanzu, tsarin yana ƙarƙashin kulawar All Jammu da Kashmir Shi'a Association, waɗanda ke kula da shi. Tsarin da muke gani a yau yana ci gaba da aikin gini.

Bukukuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Musulmin Shia 'yan tsiraru ne a Kashmir. A cikin kwanaki 10 na farko na Muharram, Imambada Zadibal ya zama cibiyar makoki da taron addini a Zadibal. Mabiya Shia suna shiga cikin juyayin, galibi suna ƙarewa ne a lokacin bikin Ashura, lokacin da babban jerin gwano ke bi ta titunan Zadibal suna karewa a Imambada Zadibal. Ana ci gaba da zaman makoki daga ranar farko ta Muharram zuwa takwas ga watan Musulunci na watan Rabi al Awwal, bayan haka ana bikin Eid al Zahra, wanda aka fi sani da Eid e Shuja. Wannan ya kawo karshen zaman makoki na watanni biyu.

Gini da lalata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Immabara Zadibal ya lalace kuma an sake gina shi da yawa. Daga lokacin Sultan Nazuk Shah na Mirza Douglat a 1548 AD har zuwa lokacin Maharaja Ranbir Singh a 1872 AD, wannan hasken ya ƙone kusan sau goma sha ɗaya.

A lokacin da aka gina Imambara Zadibal, gini ne mai ɗaukaka kuma mutane a yankin Kashmir suna alfahari da shi. Koyaya, Mirza Hyder Kashgari Douglat ya sanyawa wannan ɗakin tsafin wuta a cikin 1548 AD. Daulat Chak ya fara sake gina shi a cikin 1551.

Zafar Kupawari ya sanyawa Imambara Zadibal wuta a karo na biyu a shekarar 1553. Makiyan Ahlul Baiti sun sake kona shi a lokacin mulkin Sarkin Mughal Shah Jahan.

A shekarar 1682 Miladiyya, lokacin da Emperoro Aurangzeb Alamgir ke mulki, an sake cinnawa Imambara Zadibal wuta. A shekarar 1719 Miladiyya, an kona ta a karo na biyar yayin arangamar Mukhtawi Khan. Tana cin wuta a karo na shida a shekarar 1748 Miladiyya daga makiya Ahlul Baiti. Sun sake yin hakan a cikin 1763. Imambara Zadibal ya sake kamawa da wuta a watan Yunin 1801, lokacin mulkin Afghanistan a Kashmir, gab da Ashura.

A watan Yulin 1830, wurin ibadar an yi kisan kiyashi lokacin da Jammu da Kashmir suke ƙarƙashin ikon Sikh. A wannan ranar, an yi wa 'yan Shi'a da yawa kisan gilla. Wannan ya faru ne a filin shakatawa na Ali da ke Zadibal ko Margibal.

An sake gina Imambara Zadibal tare da taimakon kuɗi daga wani Ministan Sultan na Nasr-ud-din na Awadh. An aika wannan tallafin zuwa Haji Baqir Khan Irani, wanda ya ba da aikin sake ginin wannan ginin ga Hatim Mir.

A watan Satumba na 1872, an sake cinnawa ginin wuta a ƙarƙashin mulkin Maharaja Ranbir Singh. Ya kasance Dogra mai mulkin J&K. A wannan lokacin, sarkin ya ba da taimakon kuɗi na kusan Rs. Lakhs 3 don gyara Imambara da dawo da shi yadda yake da cigaba a yanzu. Duk lokacin da dakin ibadar ya shiga cikin wuta, mabiya Annabi Muhammad da Ahlul Baiti sukan kasance masu gamsuwa ne kawai su sake gina shi gaba daya.

Wuri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Isar wannan wurin ibadar yana da sauki saboda yana kusa da Babbar Hanya Srinagar. Imambara tana tsakiyar Zadibal, kuma tana kusa da tafkin Khushal Sar da Hari Parbat Fort wanda yawancin mutane ke kira Qilla. Tashar jirgin ƙasa mafi kusa ita ce tashar jirgin ƙasa ta Srinagar. Tafiyar awa ce ta mota. Filin jirgin saman Sheikh ul Alam yana da 'yan kilomitoci kaɗan daga Imambara. Hakanan ana samun sabis na taksi a cikin garin Srinagar.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]