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Karakas

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Karakas
Caracas (es)


Inkiya La Sultana del Ávila, La Sucursal del Cel da La Ciutat dels sostres vermells
Wuri
Map
 10°30′00″N 66°56′00″W / 10.5°N 66.9333°W / 10.5; -66.9333
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaVenezuela
Capital district or territory (en) FassaraCapital District (en) Fassara
Municipality of Venezuela (en) FassaraLibertador Municipality (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 2,245,744 (2017)
• Yawan mutane 2,894 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 776 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Guaire River (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 920 m
Bayanan tarihi
Wanda ya samar Diego de Losada (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 25 ga Yuli, 1567
Tsarin Siyasa
• Gwamna Helen Fernández (en) Fassara (19 ga Faburairu, 2015)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 1010-A
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 212

Karakas ko Caracas birni ne, da ke a yankin babban birnin, a ƙasar Venezuela. Shi ne babban birnin ƙasar Venezuela. Bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a a shekarar 2011, Karakas tana da yawan jama'a 2,923,959. An gina birnin Karakas a shekara ta 1567.

A hukumance Santiago de León de Caracas (CCS), babban birni ne kuma mafi girma a birnin Venezuela, kuma tsakiyar Lardin Birni na Caracas (ko Greater Caracas). Caracas yana gefen kogin Guaire a arewacin ƙasar, a cikin kwarin Caracas na tsaunin gabar tekun Venezuelan (Cordillera de la Costa). Kwarin yana kusa da Tekun Caribbean, an raba shi da bakin tekun da wani tudu mai tsayin mita 2,200 (7,200 ft) dutse, Cerro El Ávila; a kudu akwai karin tsaunuka da tsaunuka. Yankin Babban Birni na Caracas yana da kimanin yawan jama'a kusan miliyan 5 mazauna.

Tsakiyar birnin ita ce Catedral, dake kusa da Dandalin Bolívar, ko da yake wasu na ɗaukan cibiyar Plaza Venezuela, dake yankin Los Caobos. Kasuwanci a cikin birni sun haɗa da kamfanonin sabis, bankuna, da kantuna. Caracas yana da tattalin arzikin tushen sabis, baya ga wasu ayyukan masana'antu a cikin babban birni. Kasuwancin Hannun jari na Caracas da Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) suna da hedkwata a Caracas. Empresas Polar shine babban kamfani mai zaman kansa a Venezuela. Caracas kuma babban birnin al'adun Venezuela ne, tare da gidajen cin abinci da yawa, gidajen wasan kwaikwayo, gidajen tarihi, da wuraren siyayya. Caracas yana da wasu dogayen gine-ginen sama a Latin Amurka, kamar ta Tsakiyar Hasumiya ta Parque. Gidan kayan gargajiya na fasahar zamani na Caracas yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi mahimmanci a Kudancin Amurka.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kafin a kafa birnin a cikin 1567, kwarin Caracas yana da yawan jama'a na asali. Francisco Fajardo, dan wani kyaftin din Spain da Guaiqueri cacica, wanda ya zo daga Margarita, ya fara kafa ƙauyuka a yankin La Guaira da kwarin Caracas tsakanin 1555 zuwa 1560. Fajardo ya yi ƙoƙarin kafa shuka a cikin kwarin a cikin 1562 bayan waɗannan. Garuruwan bakin teku da ba su yi nasara ba, amma ba su daɗe ba: ƴan asalin yankin ƙarƙashin Terepaima da Guaicaipuro sun lalata su. Matsugunin Fajardo na 1560 an san shi da Hato de San Francisco, kuma wani yunƙuri na 1561 na Juan Rodríguez de Suárez ana kiransa Villa de San Francisco, kuma mutanen ƙasar suma sun lalata su. Mazaunan Caracas na ƙarshe sun fito ne daga Coro, babban birnin Jamus na Klein-Venedig mallaka a kusa da iyakar bakin tekun Colombia-Venezuela a yau; daga 1540s, Mutanen Sipaniya sun kasance suna sarrafa yankin. Komawa gabas daga Coro, ƙungiyoyin mazauna Mutanen Espanya sun kafa garuruwan cikin ƙasa ciki har da Barquisimeto da Valencia kafin isa ga kwarin Caracas.


Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]