Kiba

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

Kiba wani yanayi ne na likitanci wanda yawan kitsen jiki ya taru ta yadda zai iya yin illa ga lafiya.[1] Yawanci ana ɗaukar mutane masu kiba idan ma'aunin jikinsu (BMI), ma'aunin da ake samu ta hanyar raba nauyin mutum da murabba'in tsayin mutum, ya wuce 30 kg/m2; An bayyana kewayon 25-30 kg/m2 azaman kiba.[1] Wasu ƙasashen Gabashin Asiya suna amfani da ƙananan ƙima.[2] Kiba yana ƙara yuwuwar kamuwa da cututtuka da yanayi daban-daban, musamman cututtukan zuciya da jijiyoyin jini, nau'in ciwon sukari na 2, bugun barci mai hanawa, wasu nau'ikan cutar kansa, osteoarthritis, da damuwa.[3][4]

Yawan kiba yana faruwa ne ta hanyar haɗuwa da wuce kima da abinci, rashin motsa jiki, da lahani na kwayoyin halitta.[1][5] Wasu lokuta ana haifar da su ta farko ta kwayoyin halitta, cututtukan endocrine, magunguna, ko rashin hankali.[6] Ra'ayin cewa mutane masu kiba suna cin abinci kaɗan duk da haka suna samun nauyi saboda jinkirin metabolism ba a tallafawa ta hanyar likitanci.[7] A matsakaita, mutane masu kiba suna da yawan kashe kuzarin kuzari fiye da takwarorinsu na yau da kullun saboda kuzarin da ake buƙata don kula da yawan adadin jiki.[7][8]

Kiba yawanci ana iya hana shi ta hanyar haɗin sauye-sauyen zamantakewa da zaɓi na sirri.[1] Canje-canje ga abinci da motsa jiki sune manyan jiyya.[3] Ana iya inganta ingancin abinci ta hanyar rage yawan amfani da abinci masu yawan kuzari, kamar masu yawan kitse ko sikari, da kuma ƙara yawan abincin da ake ci.[1] Ana iya amfani da magunguna, tare da abincin da ya dace, don rage ci ko rage yawan sha.[9] Idan abinci, motsa jiki, da magunguna ba su da tasiri, ana iya yin balloon ciki ko tiyata don rage girman ciki ko tsayin hanji, wanda zai haifar da jin koshi tun da wuri ko kuma rage ikon shan sinadirai daga abinci.[10][11]

Kiba ita ce kan gaba wajen hana mutuwa a duk duniya, tare da karuwar yawan manya da yara.[1][12] A cikin 2015, manya miliyan 600 (12%) da yara miliyan 100 sun yi kiba a ƙasashe 195.[13] Kiba ya fi yawa a mata fiye da maza.[1] Hukumomi suna kallonsa a matsayin ɗayan manyan matsalolin kiwon lafiyar jama'a na ƙarni na 21st.[14] An kyamaci kiba a yawancin duniyar zamani (musamman a yammacin duniya), ko da yake ana kallonta a matsayin alamar dukiya da haihuwa a wasu lokuta a tarihi kuma har yanzu tana cikin wasu sassan duniya.[3][15] A cikin 2013, ƙungiyoyin likita da yawa, gami da Ƙungiyar Likitocin Amurka da Ƙungiyar Zuciya ta Amurka, sun rarraba kiba a matsayin cuta.[16][17][18]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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