Le Père Goriot

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Le Père Goriot
BalzacOldGoriot01.jpg
Asali
Mawallafi Honoré de Balzac (en) Fassara
Shekarar ƙirƙira 1835
Lokacin bugawa 1835
Asalin suna Le Père Goriot
Movement literary realism (en) Fassara
Ƙasar asali Faransa
Characteristics
Genre (en) Fassara historical fiction (en) Fassara
Harshe Faransanci
Description
Ɓangaren Scenes from Private Life (en) Fassara
Kintato
Narrative location (en) Fassara Faris da Faransa
Chronology (en) Fassara

La señora Cornelia (en) Fassara Le Père Goriot Colonel Chabert (en) Fassara

Ofaya daga cikin waɗannan abubuwan da suka burge Balzac shine rayuwar aikata laifi. A cikin hunturu na shekara1828-29, a Faransa grifter -turned-sanda mai suna Eugene François Vidocq wallafa wani biyu daga sensationalized memoirs recounting ya m exploits. Balzac ya sadu da Vidocq a cikin Afrilu a shekara 1834, kuma ya yi amfani da shi azaman abin ƙira don wani hali mai suna Vautrin yana shirin wani labari mai zuwa. [1]

A lokacin bazara na shekara1834 Balzac ya fara aiki akan wani mummunan labari game da mahaifin da 'ya'yansa mata suka ƙi. Littafinsa ya yi rikodin layuka da yawa waɗanda ba a ƙare ba game da makircin: "Maganar Tsohon Goriot - Mutumin kirki -gidan masaukin masu matsakaicin matsayi - 600 fr. samun kudin shiga - bayan ya tube wa kansa tsirara ga 'ya'yansa mata wadanda duka suna da frdububiyar 50,000. samun kudin shiga - mutuwa kamar kare. ” [2] Ya rubuta daftarin farko na Le Père Goriot a cikin kwanaki kaka arba'in; an buga shi azaman serial a cikin Revue de Paris tsakanin Disamba da Fabrairu. An sake shi a matsayin labari a cikin Maris shekara 1835 ta gidan wallafe -wallafen Werdet, wanda shi ma ya buga bugun na biyu a watan Mayu. An buga bugu na uku da aka bita sosai a cikin shekara 1839 ta Charpentier. [3] Kamar yadda al'adar sa ta kasance, Balzac ya yi rubuce -rubuce masu yawa da canje -canje kan hujjojin da ya karɓa daga masu bugawa, ta yadda bugu na baya na litattafan sa galibi sun sha bamban da na farkon. Dangane da Le Père Goriot, ya canza wasu haruffa zuwa mutane daga wasu litattafan da ya rubuta, kuma ya ƙara sabbin sakin layi cike da cikakkun bayanai. [4]

  1. Hunt, p. 91; Oliver, p. 149.
  2. Quoted in Bellos, p. 16.
  3. Oliver, p. 102; Brooks (1998), p. viii; Kanes, p. 7; Bellos, p. 15.
  4. Bellos, pp. 23–24.