Faransa

Daga Wikipedia
A tsallaka zuwa: Shawagi, nema
République française Jamhuriyar faransa
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(Tuta) (lambar gwamna)
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baban birne Pariis
shugaba François Hollande
Firayim Minista Manuel Valls
inci 843
yare faransanci
Iyaka 547 030 km²
mutunci (2007)
Rahvastiku tihedus
64 102 000
wurin zama [[114\km2]
Kuɗi euro
banbancin lukaci +1 (UTC)
yanar gizo gizo .fr
Maakood 33
France-CIA WFB Map.png



'République française
Jamhuriyar faransa'

Flag of France.svg

Armoiries république française.svg

LocationFrance.png

Présentation
Yaren kasa
Baban birne Pariis
Shugaban kasa François Hollande
Firanista Manuel Valls
Tsaren kasa
Fadin kasa
– ruwa %
547 030 km²
 %
Yawan mutanen kasa
– Wurin da mutane suke zaune:
 hab.
 loj./km²
Kudin kasa ({{{codeiso}}})
Kudin da yake shiga kasa a shekara
Kudin da mutun daya yake samu a shekara
Banbancin lukaci UTC
Rane UTC
Lambar waya taraho
Yanar gizo


Faransa tana daya daga Kasashen Turai tanada iyaka da kasar beljik da kasar suwysra da luksanburk kuma dakwai wane kowgi da yarabata da Birtaniya tanada shahararan dan wasan kallon kafa ana cemasa Zinedine Yazid Zidane.

Faransa, bisa ga hukuma jamhuriyar Farasanci Kasa ne ta musamman da hadin kai tare da cibiyoyin yammancin Turai da kuma wasu yankunan Kasashen waje da cibiyoyin. Sashen Turai na Faransa wanda ake kira alkaryar Faransa ta mike har Bahar maliya zuwa hannun Tekun Turai da Tekun arewa da kuma daga mahadin zuwa Tekun phasa. Danin Faransa 643,801 murabba’in kilomita (248,573) kuma tana da yawan jama’a miliyan 66.6. kuma tana da hardaddiyar shugabanci a jamhuriyarta wanda birnin tarayyarta na a Farista, wanda ita ce babban birni na al’adu da ta cibiyar kasuwanci. Tasrin mulkin Faransa ta nuna Kasar ta boko ce da ta dimokaradiyya wanda sarautarsa na samowa daga jama’ar.

A zamanin dá, wanda yanzu alkaryar Faransa ne dá tana da mutanen Gaul, kananan mutane. Daular Romawa sun ci mutanen Gaul da yaki a shekara ta 51 BC kafin zuwan Kiristi, wanda ta rike Gaul zuwa shekaru 486. Mutanen Gaul ta Roma sun fuskanci hare-hare da kaurace-kaurace daga ýan Faransa ta Jamus wanda sun mamaye yankin shekaru aru-aru, daga baya suna kafa Daular Faransa na dá. Faransa ta fito muhimi wajen mulki na Turai a shekaru na karshe ta tsakiya, da nasararta cikin shekaru dari na yaki (1337 zuwa 1453) wanda ta karfafa ginin Kasar Faransa da ba da dama na gaba a mulukiya innanaha na tsakiya. A cikin lokacin farfadowa, Faransa ta fuskanci cin gaban al’adu makake da farkon kafuwar Daular mulkin mallaka na zamani. Yakin basasa na addini tsakanin ýan Katolika da ýan Furotesta, ta mamaye karni na goma sha shida (16th).

Faransa ta mamaye Turai wajen a’adu, da siyasa da mulkin soja kalkashin Louis. Masu ilimin falfasa sun taka rawa mai kyau a lokacin wayewan kai a karni na goma sha takwas (18th), an hambarar da mulukiya a juyin mulkin Faransa. A cikin gadonta da bayanin hakkin ‘dan Adam da na ‘dan Kasa, daya daga cikin takardu na hakkin ‘dan Adam, wanda tana bayyana cewa Kasar ta dace har wa yau. Faransa ta zama daya daga cikin tarihin zamani a jamhuriya na farko sai da Napoliya ya hawo mulki sai ya kafa Daula ta farko na Faransa a shekara alif dari takwas da hudu (1804). Ya dingi fada da rikitattun gwiwa cikin lokacin yake-yaken Napoliya, ya mamaye harkokin Turai fiye da shekaru goma wanda ya shafa al’adun Turai na tsawon lokaci. Faransa ta jimre hayaniyar gadon gwamnatoci a faduwar Daular, mulukiyar ta gyaru. An mayar da shi a shekara ta alif dari takwas da talatin(1830) bisa dokan mulukiya, sannan a gurguje a jamhuriya ta biyu, kuma a Daula ta biyu har zuwa kafuwar jamhuriyar farasanci na uku mai karfi a shekara ta 1870. Jamhuriyar farasanci sun yi rikice-rikice da Ikilisiyar Katolika don rashin wa`azin addinin kirista a faransa a lokacin juyin mulkin farasanci a kafuwar dokar Laicité na shekara 1905. Laicité ya yi tsamani amma haryar cimma buri ne na boko wanda shi ne muhimmin dokan gudanarwa a zamanin yau na hukumar faransanci.

Faransa ta kai tsawo na yankinta cikin karni na sha tara (19) da farkon karni na ashirin (20), zuwa karshe, ta mallaki babban Daula ta biyu na mulkin mallaka a duniya. A yakin Duniya na farko, Faransa ta zo daya daga cikin masu nasara a cikin ninka sau uku tsakanin Kasashe kawance fadan yaki da mulkin tsakiya. Faransa dá kuma daya ne cikiin masu iko a Yakin Duniya na biyu, amma ta zo a kalkashin mamayar kusuwar mulki a shekara ta 1940. Bin kwaton ýanci a shekara ta 1944, Jamhuriya ta hudu ta kafu sai aka narkar da ita a sanadiyar Yakin Aljeriya. An kafa Jamhuriya ta biyar a shekara ta 1958 wanda Charles de Gaulle ya shugabance ta, kuma tana nan har wa yau. Yawancin Daulolin farasanci an bar yin musu mulkin mallaka a Yakin Duniya na biyu.

A cikin tarihinta duka, Faransa ta zama na gaba a duniya da cibiyar al’ada, tana yin muhimmin gudumawa kan Kimiya da Fasaha da Ilimin Falfasa. Faransa ta halarce gaggarumar lamba na uku a kungiyar Kyautata Ilimi da Kimiya da Al’adu ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya na Turai a wajajen gadon duniya (bayan Italya da Sfen) kuma tana karban Ýan Yawon Shakatawa kusan miliyan tamanin takwas (83) a shekara fiye da kowane Kasa a duniya. Faransa ta kasance da iko na al’ada muhimi na tattalin arziki, na soja da na siyasa. Ita Kasa ce mai cigaban masana’antu da zama lamba na shida a tattalin arziki a duniya babba ta bin kasafin da Kasa ta tanada, kuma ta zo na tara babba wajen Sayayyan wuta daidaito. Bisa ga Credit Suisse, Faransa ita ce na hudu mafi arziki a Kasashen duniya bisa ga jimilar arzikin gidaje. Ta kuma mallake babban bangare mafi tattalin arziki a duniya (EEZ), wanda Kasarta ta ci murabba’in Kilomita 11,691,000 (4,514,000 sq mi).

‘Yan Farasanci suna jin dadin daidaitacciyar zama, kuma Kasar tana da martaba sosai wajen ilimin Kasashe, kiwon lafiya da ababan rayuwa `yanci da doka ta tanada da kuma raya dan Adam. Faransa tana daga kasashen da sun kafa majalisar Dinkin Duniya wanda ta zama daya daga cikin mambobi biyar na ainihi na ‘yan tsaron Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya. Ita kuma mamba ta kungiya ta bakwai (7), Kungiyar Yarjejeniya na Phasa ta Arewa (NATO), Kungiyar Hadin Kai don Rayar da tattalin Arziki (OECD), Kungiyar Sana’a ta Duniya (WTO) da kuma La Francophonie. Faransa ta samar da Tarayyar Turai Kuma na gaba a cikin Tarayyar.


Jihuhin faransa[gyarawa | edit source]

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