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Marie Crous

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Marie Crous
Rayuwa
Haihuwa 17 century
ƙasa Faransa
Harshen uwa Faransanci
Mutuwa unknown value
Karatu
Harsuna Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a masanin lissafi
Duchesse d'Aiguillon, wanda kuma ya kasance majiɓincin Marie Crous kuma ya ɗauki nauyin binciken ta.

Marie Crous (fl. 1641),Ta kasan ce wata bafaranshi yace mai ilimin lissafi kuma. Ta gabatar da tsarin adadi ga Faransa a karni na 17.

Tarihin rayuwa

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ya zo ne daga asalin asali, Marie Crous ta zama fitacciyar marubuciya kuma malama a Charlotte-Rose de Caumont La Force . [1] An buga ta a shekarar 1636, kuma a shekarar 1641 ta buga wani bincike kan tsarin adadi, wanda ta sadaukar da ita ga "gimbiya mai sanyin saffron" Madame de Combalet, Duchesse d'Aiguillon, yayar Cardinal de Richelieu kuma sanannen majiɓinci; ta kasance abokiyar Marin Mersenne . Koyaya, mashahuran mambobi na masana ilimi da masana kimiyya a cikin tsarin addinin Katolika na Minim Roman Katolika ba za a taɓa ambata ta ba, wanda ya mamaye binciken kimiyya a Faransa a wannan lokacin, kuma ba a taɓa yarda da ita a matsayin mace mai ilimi ba.

Her work, printed by Simon Stevin, goes well beyond what was provided at the time in calculation manuals. She wrote,

There is no book to be found other than this one where this invention is taught, being due to the vigilant work of your very humble servant.

Aikinta ya gabatar da sabbin abubuwa guda biyu: matakin adama (a yau ana kiransa budurwa a cikin Faransanci) don raba mantissa na sassan goma, haka kuma amfani da sifili a cikin adadi don nuna cewa wuri baya nan. A yin hakan, ta ba da lamba ga lambobin adadi na yanzu. Ta sanya sifili nuls kamar yadda Jamusawa suke yi.

Gwaninta a rubuce har da lissafi, ta kirkiro wasu abubuwan hanyar Pestalozzi da abin da ta kira bangaranci, wanda ke da matukar amfani ga lissafin tunani, musamman wajen aiwatar da shi a dokar mutum uku .

Simon Stevin

Aikin Crous (bugun farko ya fara ne daga 1635-1636) ya fara da wasiƙa zuwa ga majiɓinta. Tana nuna godiya ga taimakon da ta yi ta waɗannan kalmomin:

Koyaya, ba ta danganta cancantar abubuwan da ta ƙirƙiro mata ba. A cikin gabatarwar karatun Abrégé (Abstract Research), Marie Crous ta ba da tabbacin cewa ta yi aikinta

A cikin gabatarwar ta ga Charlotte de Caumont, ta yi magana game da masu sana'o'in kasuwanci a cikin Paris, waɗanda a wancan lokacin suka fara maye gurbin ma'aunin ma'auni, kamar toise, tare da auna a cikin goma a matsayin ingantaccen tsarin:

Daga wannan hangen nesan, Marie Crous ta samar da tushe don tsarin tsarin awo . [2]

Marie

Masanin lissafi Olry Terquem ya yi nadamar cewa har yanzu ba a bai wa sunanta wani titi a birnin Paris ba. Kwanan nan,[yaushe?] ] Catherine Goldstein ta sadaukar da wani ɓangare na labarin nata, "Ba na jama'a bane ko na sirri: ilimin lissafi a farkon zamanin Faransa na zamani" ga Crous.

  • 0 (lamba)
  • Mantissa
  • Mahimmanci
  • Dokar uku (lissafi)
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
  1. Luc Capdevila, Le genre face aux mutations: masculin et féminin, du Moyen Âge à nos jours, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2003, p.132.
  2. Jean-Pierre Poirier, Histoire des femmes de science en France: du Moyen Age à la Révolution, Pygmalion/Gérard Watelet, 2002, p.380.