Muhajirun

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Wikidata.svgMuhajirun
group of humans (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na 'Yan gudun hijira
Bangare na Sahabi

Muhajirun (Larabci: المهاجرون, romanized: al-muhājirūn, singular مهاجر, muhājir) su ne farkon wadanda suka musulunta kuma mashawarta da dangin annabi Muhammad (SAW), wadanda suka yi hijira tare da shi daga Makka zuwa Madina, taron da aka sani a Musulunci a matsayin Hijira. . Musulman farko daga Madina ana kiransu Ansar ("mataimaka").

A zamanin Annabi Muhammadu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kimanin wata guda bayan harin da Hamzah bai yi nasara ba a farmakin ayarin farko, Annabi Muhammad ya ba wani amanar Muhajirun sittin wanda Ubaydah ke jagoranta su sake gudanar da wani aiki a cikin ayarin kuraishawa da ke dawowa daga Siriya kuma maza dari suka ba su kariya. Jagoran wannan ayari shi ne Abu Sufyan bn Harb. Bangaren musulmi ya tafi har zuwa Thanyatul-Murra, wurin shan ruwa a Hejaz. Ba a yi fada ba, domin Quraishawa sun yi nisa da wurin da Musulmai ke shirin kai hari kan ayarin. Amma duk da haka, Sa’ad bn Abi Waqqas ya harbi Kuraishawa da kibiya. An san wannan da kibiyar Musulunci ta farko.[1] Duk da wannan harin na ba-zata, ba a yi faɗa ba kuma Musulmai sun dawo hannu wofi. An yi imanin cewa Ubaydah ne ya fara ɗaukar tutar Musulunci; wasu kuma sun ce Hamzah ne ya fara ɗaukar tutar farko.[2][3][4]

An umurci Sa’ad bn Abi Waqqas da ya jagoranci kai hari na uku. Kungiyarsa ta kunshi kimanin Muhajirai ashirin. An yi wannan samamen ne kusan wata guda bayan na baya. Sa’ad, tare da sojojinsa, sun yi kwanton bauna a kwarin Kharrar a kan hanyar zuwa Makka kuma suna jiran su kai hari kan ayarin Makka mai dawowa daga Siriya. Amma ayarin ya riga ya wuce kuma Musulmai sun koma Madina ba tare da fada ba.[2][3][5][6][7]

Harin na huɗu, wanda aka sani da mamayewar Waddan, shi ne farmakin farko da Annabi Muhammad ya shiga da kansa tare da sojoji 70, galibi Muhajir.[2] An ce watanni goma sha biyu bayan ya koma Madina, Annabi Muhammad da kansa ya jagoranci wani ayarin zuwa Waddan (Al-Abwa). Manufar ita ce ta katse matafiya ta Quraishawa. Bangaren da aka kai harin bai gamu da wani Kuraishawa ba yayin samamen.[3][6]

Harin na biyar, wanda aka fi sani da mamayewar Buwat, shi ma Annabi Muhammad ya ba da umarni.[3] Wata daya bayan farmakin da aka kai a al-Abwa, shi da kansa ya jagoranci mutane 200 da suka hada da Muhajirai da Ansar zuwa Bawat, wani wuri a kan hanyar matafiya ta 'yan kasuwar Quraishawa. Garken rakuma 1,500, tare da mahaya 100 karkashin jagorancin Umayyah ibn Khalaf, Quraishawa. Manufar wadannan hare-hare shi ne su dawo da abin da suka rasa lokacin da suka yi hijira daga Makka zuwa Madina don gudun zalunci daga kuraishawa saboda yin addininsu. Kuraishawa sun kwace kadarori da kayayyakin da Musulmi suka bari suka sayar da wadancan.[4][6][8] Ayarin ya jagoranci Kuraishawa guda 100 kuma rakuma 2,500 na tare da su.[9]

Jerin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Maza[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Hamza bn Abdul-Muttalib, baffan Annabi Muhammad
  • Al-'Abbas ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib, baffan Annabi Muhammad, kuma kakan Banu Abbas
  • Salmanul Farisa
  • Bilal bin Rabah
  • Khunais bin Hudhaifa[10]
  • Abu Dharr al-Gifari[11]
  • Miqdad bin Aswad[11]
  • Ammar bin Yasir[11]
  • Abu Buraidah al-Aslami[11]
  • Khalid bin Sa'id[11]

Sunni Rashidun

  • Abubakar, babban sahabi kuma surukin Annabi Muhammad. Baban Nana Aisha (matar Annabi Muhammad).
  • Umar, babban abokin sa kuma surukin Annabi Muhammad. Baban Nana Hafsa (matar Annabi Muhammad).
  • Uthman, dan uwan ​​na biyu kuma surukin Annabi Muhammadu. Mijin Ummu Kulthum & Ruqayyah.
  • Ali, dan uwan ​​kuma surukin Annabi Muhammad. Mijin Fatimah.

Mata[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Matan Makkah na Annabi Muhammad, ban da Khadija bint Khuwaylid
  • Sawda bint Zamʿa matar Annabi Muhammadu ta biyu
  • Aisha ta uku matar Annabi Muhammad
  • Fatimah bint Asad, matar Abu Dalib, mahaifiyar sayyidi Ali, kuma goggon Annabi Muhammad
  • Asmā 'bint Abi Bakr, matar Zubairu, kuma surukin Annabi Muhammad.
  • Lubaba bint al-Harith, matar Al-'Abbas, kuma inna kuma surukar Annabi Muhammad
  • Ummu Ruman, matar Abubakar, kuma surukar Annabi Muhammad ta hannun Aisha.

'Ya'yayen Annabi Muhammad[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Fatimah, diyar Annabi Muhammad kuma matar Aliyu bn Abi Talib
  • Ruqayyah, diyar Annabi Muhammad kuma matar Uthman bn Affan
  • Ummu Kulthum, 'yar Annabi Muhammad, kuma matar Uthman Ibn Affan
  • Zainab, diyar Annabi Muhammad kuma matar Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi '
  • Umamah bint Zainab, babbar diyar Annabi Muhammad kuma matar Ali ibn Abi Talib

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Template:Hadith-usc
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar p. 127
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Haykal, Husayn (1976), The Life of Muhammad, Islamic Book Trust, pp. 217–218, ISBN 978-983-9154-17-7
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Witness Pioneer "Pre-Badr Missions and Invasions"". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-08-12.
  5. Mubarakpuri, Sealed Nectar, P 147
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (in Larabci). Islamic Book Trust. Archived from the original on 2012-03-22. Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic. English version here
  7. Muḥammad Ibn ʻAbd al-Wahhāb, Mukhtaṣar zād al-maʻād, p. 345.
  8. Muḥammad Ibn ʻAbd al-Wahhāb, Mukhtaṣar zād al-maʻād, p. 346.
  9. Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar (Free Version), p. 128
  10. IslamWeb
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Peshawar Nights on Al-Islam.org