Nutsewa

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Nutsewa
Wassilij Grigorjewitsch Perow 002.jpg
Description (en) Fassara
Iri major trauma (en) Fassara
asphyxia (en) Fassara
Specialty (en) Fassara emergency medicine (en) Fassara
Sanadi Numfashi
Effect (en) Fassara death (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10 T75.1
ICD-9 994.1
DiseasesDB 3957
MedlinePlus 000046
eMedicine 000046
MeSH D004332

An ayyana nutsewa a matsayin raunin numfashi sakamakon kasancewa a ciki ko ƙarƙashin ruwa.[1][2] Nutsewa yawanci yana faruwa a hankali, tare da wasu mutane kaɗan ne kawai ke iya daga hannayensu ko kiran taimako.[3] Alamomin bayan ceto na iya haɗawa da matsalolin numfashi, amai, ruɗe, ko rashin sani.[4][5] Wani lokaci bayyanar cututtuka na iya fitowa har zuwa sa'o'i shida bayan haka.[5] Ruwan ruwa na iya zama mai rikitarwa ta ƙarancin zafin jiki, buri na amai, ko matsananciyar wahala ta numfashi.[6][7]

Ana yawan nutsewa a lokacin da yanayi ya yi zafi da kuma cikin masu yawan samun ruwa.[6][8] Abubuwan haɗari sun haɗa da amfani da barasa, farfaɗiya, da ƙarancin yanayin zamantakewa.[8] Wuraren gama gari na nutsewa sun haɗa da wuraren wanka, wuraren wanka, jikunan ruwa, da bokiti.[1][5] Da farko mutum yana riƙe numfashinsa, wanda ke biye da laryngospasm, sannan ƙananan matakan oxygen.[6] Mahimman adadin ruwa yakan shiga cikin huhu ne kawai a cikin tsari.[6] Ana iya rarraba shi zuwa nau'i uku: nutsewa tare da mutuwa, nutsewa tare da matsalolin lafiya masu gudana, da nutsewa ba tare da wata matsala ta lafiya ba.[2]

Ƙoƙarin hana nutsewa ya haɗa da koya wa yara yin iyo, amintaccen ayyukan kwale-kwale, da iyakancewa ko cire hanyar samun ruwa kamar ta wuraren waha.[8][9] Maganin wadanda ba sa numfashi ya kamata a fara da bude hanyar iska da samar da numfashi guda biyar.[1] A cikin waɗanda zuciyarsu ba ta bugawa ba kuma waɗanda ke ƙarƙashin ruwa ƙasa da sa'a ɗaya ana ba da shawarar CPR.[1] Yawan tsira ya fi kyau a tsakanin waɗanda ke da ɗan gajeren lokaci a ƙarƙashin ruwa.[1] Daga cikin yaran da suka tsira, sakamako mara kyau yana faruwa a kusan kashi 7.5% na lokuta.[1]

A cikin 2015, an yi kiyasin mutane miliyan 4.5 na nutsewar ruwa ba da niyya ba a duniya.[10] A waccan shekarar, an sami mutuwar mutane 324,000 da nutsewa cikin ruwa, wanda ya zama na uku a sanadin raunukan da ba a yi niyya ba bayan fadowar da motoci.[11] Daga cikin wadannan mutuwar, 56,000 sun faru ne a cikin yara 'yan kasa da shekaru biyar.[11] Nutsewa ya kai kashi 7% na duk mace-macen da ke da alaƙa da rauni, tare da fiye da kashi 90% na waɗannan mutuwar suna faruwa a ƙasashe masu tasowa.[8][11] Ruwa yana faruwa akai-akai a cikin maza da matasa.[8]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Mott, TF; Latimer, KM (1 April 2016). "Prevention and Treatment of Drowning". American Family Physician. 93 (7): 576–82. PMID 27035042.
  2. 2.0 2.1 van Beeck, EF; Branche, CM; Szpilman, D; Modell, JH; Bierens, JJ (November 2005). "A new definition of drowning: towards documentation and prevention of a global public health problem". Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 83 (11): 853–6. PMC 2626470. PMID 16302042.
  3. "Drowning". CDC (in Turanci). 15 September 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  4. Ferri, Fred F. (2017). Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2018 E-Book: 5 Books in 1 (in Turanci). Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 404. ISBN 9780323529570.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Drowning - Injuries; Poisoning - Merck Manuals Professional Edition". Merck Manuals Professional Edition. September 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Handley, AJ (16 April 2014). "Drowning". BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 348: g1734. doi:10.1136/bmj.g1734. PMID 24740929.
  7. Wall, Ron (2017). Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice (9 ed.). Elsevier. p. 1802. ISBN 978-0323354790.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 "Drowning". World Health Organization. 15 January 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  9. Preventing drowning: an implementation guide (PDF). WHO. 2015. p. 2. ISBN 978-92-4-151193-3. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  10. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577. PMID 27733282.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903. PMID 27733281.