Osaka

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Globe icon.svgOsaka
大阪市 (ja)
Miotsukushi (en) Emblem of Osaka, Osaka.svg
Miotsukushi (en) Fassara
Osaka montage.jpg

Take Osaka City Anthem (en) Fassara

Official symbol (en) Fassara cherry blossom (en) Fassara da Viola × wittrockiana (en) Fassara
Wuri
Osaka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
 34°41′37″N 135°30′07″E / 34.6936°N 135.5019°E / 34.6936; 135.5019
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaJapan
Prefecture of Japan (en) FassaraŌsaka Prefecture (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Ōsaka Prefecture (en) Fassara (1868–)
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 2,751,862 (2021)
• Yawan mutane 12,340.19 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na San to (en) Fassara, six greatest cities in Japan (1922) (en) Fassara, Nihon sandaitoshi (en) Fassara da Keihanshin (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 223,000,000 m²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Higashi-Yokobori River (en) Fassara, Aji River (en) Fassara da Osaka Bay (en) Fassara
Sun raba iyaka da
Sakai (en) Fassara
Higashiōsaka (en) Fassara
Matsubara (en) Fassara
Yao (en) Fassara
Daitō (en) Fassara
Kadoma (en) Fassara
Moriguchi (en) Fassara
Settsu (en) Fassara
Suita (en) Fassara
Toyonaka (en) Fassara
Amagasaki (en) Fassara
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Tanabe (en) Fassara da Nakashima (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 1 ga Afirilu, 1889
Tsarin Siyasa
Majalisar zartarwa Government of Osaka (en) Fassara
Gangar majalisa Osaka City Council (en) Fassara
• Mayor of Osaka (en) Fassara Ichirō Matsui (en) Fassara (2019)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 530-0002–559-0034
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
UTC+09:00 (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho (+81) 6
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo city.osaka.lg.jp

Osaka (lafazi : /osaka/) Birni ne, da ke a kasar Japanise. Osaka yana da yawan jama'a 19,341,976 bisa ga jimillar shekara ta 2012. An gina birnin Osaka kafin karni na biyar kafin haifuwan annabi Isah. Shugaban birnin Osaka shine Hirofumi Yoshimura.

Ōsaka, birni da babban birnin Ōsaka fu (babban birni), kudu maso tsakiyar Honshu, Japanis. Garin, tare da makwabtan garin Kōbe da Kyōto na kusa, su ne cibiyoyin Keihanshin Yankin Masana'antu, birni na biyu mafi girma a cikin birni da haɓaka masana'antu a Japan.

Ōsaka yana gefen Tekun Ōsaka a ƙarshen gabashin Tekun Inland, a gaɓar Kogin Yodo. Yankin babban birninta ya bazu akan tsaunuka kuma zuwa cikin tsaunukan ruwa na Yodo, Yamato, da sauran koguna. Kōbe tana gefen arewa maso yammacin gabar Ōsaka Bay, kimanin mil 20 (kilomita 30) yamma da Ōsaka. Yanayin yana da yanayi mai kyau, tare da sanyin hunturu da lokacin zafi, rani mai zafi; ruwan sama na shekara-shekara kusan inci 54 ne (1,360 mm). Yankin yana cikin mahaukaciyar guguwa a watan Satumba, wanda wani lokaci yakan zama bala'i.

Titunan akasaka an shimfida su ta hanyar layin grid, yankin arewa zuwa kudu shine Midō Street da kuma gabas-yamma axin Chūō ōdōri ("Central Thoroughfare"). Titin Hommachi yana gabas daga tashar zuwa Castsaka Castle, wanda asalin sarkin yaki Toyotomi Hideyoshi ya gina a karni na 16. Daidaici zuwa Midō Street shine kunkuntar titin Shinsaibashi, wanda ya ƙunshi gundumar cin kasuwa ta tsakiya. Babban gundumar kasuwanci tana zaune a arewacin gari, kuma yankunan masana'antun suna a gabacin gabas da arewa maso gabashin birnin da kuma a ƙetaren kogin Yodo. Yankin tsakiyar Ōsaka shine da farko kasuwanci. Yankin kore ba shi da yawa, kodayake akwai manyan wuraren shakatawa da yawa a cikin garin; manyan wuraren nishaɗin suna a cikin unguwannin bayan gari, tare da rairayin bakin teku na bakin teku, da Tafkin Biwa, kusa da Kyōto.


Wassaka ya kasance sananne ne ga babban masana'anta na masaku, amma girmamawa ya koma masana'antar mai nauyi. Manyan masana'antun garin sun hada da injuna, injunan lantarki, karafa da karafa, kirkirar karfe, yadi, sinadarai, da kuma bagade da takarda; sarrafa abinci da bugawa da kuma buga su ma suna da muhimmanci. Ōsaka na ɗaya daga cikin manyan cibiyoyin kuɗi na Japan. Tashar tashar ta, wacce ta kasance mafi mahimmancin gaske a cikin ƙasa, an haɗu da tsarin mulki tare da na Kōbe tun daga farkon 1970s.

Babban hanyar sadarwar jiragen kasa tana kadawa a duk yankin, wanda yake mahadar hanyar jirgin kasa ne. Ōsaka yana aiki ne da kamfanonin layin dogo masu zaman kansu wadanda aka kirkira daga tsohuwar layin dogo na kasar Japan. Waɗannan kamfanonin suna aiki da layin-saurin wucewa na cikin gida da kuma tsakanin manyan biranen kuma suna ba da jiragen ƙasa na fasinjoji da jiragen ƙasa na harsunan Shinkansen. Hakanan ana ba da sabis na zirga-zirgar kewayen birni da yanki ta wasu hanyoyin jiragen ƙasa masu zaman kansu. Hanyoyi masu sauri sun haɗo Ōsaka tare da Kōbe, Kyōto, da Nagoya. Akasaka yana da manyan filayen jirgin sama guda biyu. Olderayan yana kusa da Itami, a arewacin birni, kuma yana kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama na cikin gida. An bude Filin jirgin saman Kansai a 1994 don kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama na kasa da kasa da ke birni. An gina wannan tashar jirgin saman a tsibirin da mutum yayi a cikin Ōsaka Bay kuma an haɗa shi da babban yankin ta hanyar babbar hanyar gada.
Ōsaka ya kasance cibiyar al'adu ta ƙasa. Akwai manyan jami'o'i da kwalejoji na gwamnati da na kwaleji da yawa a cikin birni da lardin birni, gami da Jami'ar akasaka da Jami'ar Kansai. Wasan kwaikwayo na gargajiya da na zamani, kiɗa, da Bunraku (wasan kwaikwayo na 'yar tsana) ana yin su a ko'ina cikin yankin, kamar yadda kiɗan Yammacin, wasan kwaikwayo, da wasan kwaikwayo. Akasaka ita ce cibiyar watsa labarai ta ƙasa. Yankin murabba'in kilomita 86 (murabba'in kilomita 222). Pop (2005) 2,628,811; (2010) 2,665,314.
Akasaka, fu (lardin birni), Honshu, Japan. Ya haɗa da garin masana'antu na Ōsaka, babban birni, da masana'antu da wuraren zama na ƙauyuka.
Yankin birane yana iyaka da yankin Kyōto (arewa); da ken (lardunan) na Hyōgo (arewa maso yamma), Nara (gabas), da Wakayama (kudu); da kuma Ōsaka Bay (kudu maso gabas). Manyan masana'antu a cikin lardin suna kera kayayyakin ƙarfe da ƙarfe, yadudduka, sinadarai, da injunan lantarki. Ōsaka gundumar biranen ba ta hada da tashar jiragen ruwa ta Kōbe, wacce ke yamma da bakin ruwa a lardin Hyōgo ba, amma biranen biyu sun kasance mahaɗan tagwayen Areasaka-Kobe Metropolitan Area, ɗayan manyan biranen birni a cikin ƙasar. Bugu da kari, Ōsaka ita ce cibiyar babbar masana'antar Keihanshin, wanda ya hada da yankin Kyōto. Yankin murabba'in mil 731 (murabba'in kilomita 1,893). Pop (2010) 8,865,245.