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Rhyme

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Rhyme
literary genre (en) Fassara da stylistic device (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na stylistic device (en) Fassara da maimaitawa
Bangare na rhyme scheme (en) Fassara
Amfani wajen verse (en) Fassara
wani ƙaramin yaro mai waƙa

Rhyme ita ce maimaita sautuka iri ɗaya (yawanci, ainihin phonemes iri ɗaya ne) a cikin kalmomi na ƙarshe da duk wasu kalmomin da ke biyo baya na kalmomi biyu ko fiye. Mafi sau da yawa, irin wannan cikakkiyar waƙar ana amfani da ita da hankali don tasirin kiɗa ko kyan gani a matsayi na ƙarshe na layi a cikin waƙoƙi ko waƙoƙi.[1] Fiye da faɗi, waƙa na iya komawa daban-daban zuwa wasu nau'ikan sauti iri ɗaya kusa da ƙarshen kalmomi biyu ko fiye. Bugu da ƙari, kalmar rhyme ta zo a wani lokaci ana amfani da ita azaman gajeriyar kalma ga kowane ɗan gajeren waƙa, kamar waƙar nursery ko waƙar Balliol.

Etymology[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kalmar ta samo asali daga kalmar Faransanci rime ko ryme, wanda za a iya samo shi daga Frankish rīm, a kalmar Jamusanci ma'anar "jerin, jeri" wanda aka tabbatar a cikin Turanci ( Turanci rīm ma'anar "ƙididdigewa, jerin, lamba") da Jamusanci rīm. a ƙarshe ya haɗa da Old Irish rím, Greek ἀριθμός arithmos "lambar". A madadin, Tsoffin kalmomin Faransanci na iya fitowa daga rhythmus na Latin, daga Girkanci ῥυθμός (rhythmos, rhythm).[2][3]

An gabatar da waƙar rubutun kalmomi (daga ainihin rime) a farkon zamanin Turanci na zamani daga ƙungiyar da aka koya (amma watakila ba daidai ba) tare da rhythmus na Latin. Tsohuwar rubutun rime ta tsira a cikin Ingilishi na zamani azaman madadin rubutun da ba kasafai ba; cf. Rime na ancient Mariner. Har ila yau, a wasu lokuta ana yin banbance tsakanin rubutun kalmomi a cikin nazarin ilimin harshe da sauti wanda ake amfani da rime ko waƙa don nuni ga nucleus da coda na syllables Wasu sun gwammace su rubuta shi a rime don bambanta shi da waƙar da wannan labarin ya rufe (duba syllable rime).

Function of rhyming words[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A wani ɓangare kamar ana jin daɗin waƙar a matsayin tsarin maimaitawa wanda ke jin daɗin ji. Hakanan yana aiki azaman na'urar ƙwaƙwalwar mai ƙarfi, tana sauƙaƙe hadda.[ana buƙatar hujja] Yin amfani da waƙar na yau da kullun yana taimakawa wajen kashe ƙarshen layi, don haka yana fayyace tsarin awo ga mai sauraro. Kamar yadda yake da sauran dabarun waqoqin mawaka, mawaqa suna amfani da ita don dacewa da manufarsu; alal misali William Shakespeare yakan yi amfani da couplet waƙa don nuna ƙarshen fage a cikin wasan kwaikwayo.

Nau'inkan waƙa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ana iya amfani da kalmar rhyme a cikin takamaiman ma'ana da ma'ana ta gaba ɗaya. A cikin takamaiman ma'ana, kalmomi guda biyu suna raye-raye idan wasan wasalinsu na ƙarshe da duk sautuna masu zuwa iri ɗaya ne; Layukan waqoqin waqoqin waqoqi guda biyu in har qarqashin matsayinsu na qarshe ya cika da kalmomi masu ratsa jiki. Misalan gani da gudu, deign da riba, hauka da bakin ciki, soyayya da kurciya.

Cikakkun waƙoƙi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Za'a iya rarraba madaidaitan waƙoƙin ta wurin stress syllables na ƙarshe.

  • Single, wanda kuma aka sani da masculine: waƙar da damuwa ta kasance a kan maƙalar kalmomin ƙarshe (rhyme, maɗaukaki)
  • Double, wanda kuma aka sani da feminine: waƙar da damuwa ke kan maƙasudin kalmomin (na biyu daga ƙarshe) na kalmomin (picky, tricky)
  • dactylic: wani waƙar da damuwa ya kasance akan antepenultimate (na uku daga ƙarshe) syllable (amorous, glamorous)
mswaƙi

Hakanan ana iya gane waƙoƙin mata da na dactylic azaman waƙoƙin fili (ko mosaic) waƙoƙin (mawaƙi, san shi).



Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Rhyme". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2013. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012.
  2. rhyme, n. OED Online. Oxford University Press. March 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-15.
  3. Harper, Douglas (2000–2012). "Online Etymology Dictionary". Retrieved 2013-04-15.