Rushewar hakori

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Rushewar haƙori, wanda kuma aka sani da caries na haƙori ko cavities, rushewar haƙora ne sakamakon acid ɗin da ƙwayoyin cuta ke yi.[1] Cavities na iya zama adadin launuka daban-daban daga rawaya zuwa baki.[2] Alamun na iya haɗawa da ciwo da wahala tare da cin abinci.[2][3] Matsalolin na iya haɗawa da kumburin nama a kusa da hakori, asarar haƙori, da kamuwa da cuta ko samuwar ƙurji.[2][4]

Dalilin cavities shine acid daga kwayoyin cuta suna narkar da kyallen hakora (enamel, dentin da siminti).[5] Bakteriya ne ke samar da acid a lokacin da suka karya tarkacen abinci ko sukari a saman hakori.[5] Sauƙaƙan sugars a cikin abinci sune tushen makamashi na farko na ƙwayoyin cuta don haka rage cin abinci mai yawan sukari mai sauƙi abu ne mai haɗari.[5] Idan rushewar ma'adinai ya fi girma fiye da ginawa daga tushe kamar miya, sakamakon caries.[5] Abubuwan haɗari sun haɗa da yanayin da ke haifar da ƙarancin miya kamar: ciwon sukari mellitus, ciwon Sjögren da wasu magunguna.[5] Magungunan da ke rage samar da miya sun hada da antihistamines da antidepressants.[5] Haka kuma ciwon hakori yana da alaƙa da talauci, rashin tsaftace baki, da ja da baya wanda ke haifar da fallasa tushen haƙora.[1][6]

Rigakafin caries na hakori ya haɗa da tsaftace hakora akai-akai, rage cin abinci mai ƙarancin sukari, da ƙananan adadin fluoride.[3][5] Ana ba da shawarar goge haƙora sau biyu a rana da kuma yin walƙiya tsakanin haƙora sau ɗaya a rana.[5][1] Ana iya samun fluoride daga ruwa, gishiri ko man goge baki a tsakanin sauran hanyoyin.[3] Yin maganin caries na haƙori na uwa na iya rage haɗari a cikin 'ya'yanta ta hanyar rage adadin wasu kwayoyin cutar da za ta iya yadawa gare su.[5] Nunawa na iya haifar da ganowa a baya.[1] Dangane da girman lalacewa, ana iya amfani da magunguna daban-daban don mayar da haƙori zuwa aikin da ya dace ko kuma a iya cire haƙori.[1] Babu wata hanyar da aka sani don girma da yawa na hakori.[7] Samuwar magani sau da yawa yana da talauci a cikin ƙasashe masu tasowa.[3] Ana iya ɗaukar paracetamol (acetaminophen) ko ibuprofen don jin zafi.[1]

A duk duniya, kusan mutane biliyan 3.6 (kashi 48 na yawan jama'a) suna da haƙoran haƙora a cikin haƙoransu na dindindin kamar na 2016.[8] Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ta ƙiyasta cewa kusan dukkan manya suna da caries na hakori a wani lokaci.[3] A cikin haƙoran jarirai yana shafar kusan mutane miliyan 620 ko kashi 9% na yawan jama'a.[9] Sun zama ruwan dare gama gari a cikin yara da manya a cikin 'yan shekarun nan.[10] Cutar ta fi kamari a kasashen da suka ci gaba saboda yawan amfani da sukari cikin sauki da kuma rashin samun sauki a kasashe masu tasowa.[1] Caries shine Latin don "lalata".[4]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Silk, H (March 2014). "Diseases of the mouth". Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. 41 (1): 75–90. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2013.10.011. PMID 24439882.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Laudenbach, JM; Simon, Z (November 2014). "Common Dental and Periodontal Diseases: Evaluation and Management". The Medical Clinics of North America. 98 (6): 1239–1260. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2014.08.002. PMID 25443675.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Oral health Fact sheet N°318". who.int. April 2012. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Taber's cyclopedic medical dictionary (Ed. 22, illustrated in full color ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co. 2013. p. 401. ISBN 9780803639096. Archived from the original on 2015-07-13.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 SECTION ON ORAL, HEALTH; SECTION ON ORAL, HEALTH (December 2014). "Maintaining and improving the oral health of young children". Pediatrics. 134 (6): 1224–9. doi:10.1542/peds.2014-2984. PMID 25422016.
  6. Schwendicke, F; Dörfer, CE; Schlattmann, P; Page, LF; Thomson, WM; Paris, S (January 2015). "Socioeconomic Inequality and Caries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis". Journal of Dental Research. 94 (1): 10–18. doi:10.1177/0022034514557546. PMID 25394849.
  7. Otsu, K; Kumakami-Sakano, M; Fujiwara, N; Kikuchi, K; Keller, L; Lesot, H; Harada, H (2014). "Stem cell sources for tooth regeneration: current status and future prospects". Frontiers in Physiology. 5: 36. doi:10.3389/fphys.2014.00036. PMC 3912331. PMID 24550845.
  8. "Oral health". www.who.int (in Turanci). Retrieved 2019-09-14.
  9. Vos, T (Dec 15, 2012). "Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010". The Lancet. 380 (9859): 2163–96. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61729-2. PMC 6350784. PMID 23245607.
  10. Bagramian, RA; Garcia-Godoy, F; Volpe, AR (February 2009). "The global increase in dental caries. A pending public health crisis". American Journal of Dentistry. 22 (1): 3–8. PMID 19281105.