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Sanarwar 'Yancin Yara

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Sanarwar 'Yancin Yara
United Nations General Assembly resolution (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Mawallafi Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya
Ranar wallafa 20 Nuwamba, 1959
Time period (en) Fassara contemporary literature (en) Fassara
Full work available at URL (en) Fassara undocs.org…
An wallafa a Q113376331 Fassara
Ranar yara 1928 a Bulgaria. Rubutun kan fosta shine Sanarwar Geneva. A gaban akwai Firayim Minista Andrey Lyapchev da Metropolitan Stefan na Sofia.


Sanarwar 'Yancin Yara, wani lokaci ana kiranta da Geneva Declaration of Rights of Child, takarda ce ta kasa da kasa da ke inganta 'yancin yara, wanda Eglantyne Jebb ya tsara kuma Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta amince da shi a shekarar 1924, kuma an karbe shi a cikin wani tsari mai tsawo. Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a shekarar 1959.

Bayanin Haƙƙin Yara (1924)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Rubutun daftarin, kamar yadda kungiyar kare hakkin yara ta kasa da kasa ta buga a Geneva a ranar 23 ga watan Fabrairun 1923, sune kamar haka:

  1. Dole ne a ba yaro hanyoyin da ake bukata don ci gabansa na yau da kullun, na zahiri da na ruhaniya.
  2. Yaron da yake jin yunwa dole ne a shayar da shi, a shayar da wanda ba shi da lafiya, a taimaka wa yaron da ya koma baya, a kwato wanda ya yi laifi, a kuma ba marayu da mara lafiya a ba shi mafaka a taimake shi.
  3. Dole ne yaron ya kasance farkon wanda zai sami sauƙi a lokutan wahala.
  4. Dole ne a sanya yaron a matsayin don samun abin rayuwa, kuma dole ne a kiyaye shi daga kowane nau'i na amfani.
  5. Dole ne a reno yaron a cikin sanin cewa dole ne a ba da basirarsa ga hidimar mutane.

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta amince da wannan rubutu a ranar 26 ga watan Nuwamba 1924 a matsayin Yarjejeniya Ta Zaman Lafiya ta Duniya, kuma ita ce takardar haƙƙin ɗan adam ta farko da wata cibiya ta gwamnati ta amince da ita. [1] Kungiyar ta sake tabbatar da ita a shekarar 1934. Shugabannin kasashe da gwamnatoci sun yi alkawarin sanya ka'idojin su a cikin dokokin cikin gida. A Faransa, an ba da umarnin a nuna shi a kowace makaranta. [2]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan da aka yi la'akari da zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa, ciki har da na rubuta sabuwar sanarwa gaba ɗaya, Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yanke shawara a shekarar 1946 don ɗaukar daftarin, a cikin fa'ida mai yawa, a matsayin nata bayanin 'yancin yara. Gwamnatoci daban-daban da dama ne suka shiga cikin shirin. An ƙaddamar da sigar ɗan faɗaɗa kaɗan, tare da maki bakwai a maimakon biyar, a shekarar 1948. [3] Sannan a ranar 10 ga watan Disamba 1959 Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta amince da sanarwar 'yancin yara, bisa tsari da abin da ke cikin ainihin 1924, tare da ka'idoji goma. Wani kuduri mai rakiyar, wanda tawagar Afghanistan ta gabatar, ya yi kira ga gwamnatoci da su amince da wadannan hakkoki, su yi kokarin karban su, da kuma yada daftarin yadda ya kamata. [4] [5] An karɓi wannan kwanan wata azaman Ranar Yara ta Duniya.

An bi wannan sanarwar a shekarar 1989 ta Yarjejeniyar 'Yancin Yara, wanda Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta amince da shi, wanda aka amince da shi kuma ya bude don sanya hannu, amincewa da shiga ta hanyar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya 44/25 na 20 a watan Nuwamba 1989; shigar da aiki a ranar 2 ga watan Satumba 1990, daidai da muƙalar 49.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Save the Children
  • Jadawalin yancin matasa a Burtaniya
  • Jadawalin yancin matasa a Amurka

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]


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Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Trevor Buck, International Child Law (Routledge, 2014) page 89.
  2. Geraldine Van Bueren, The International Law on the Rights of the Child (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1998) page 9.
  3. Sharon Detrick, J. E. Doek, Nigel Cantwell, The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Guide to the "Travaux Préparatoires" (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1992) page 19.
  4. Geraldine Van Bueren, The International Law on the Rights of the Child (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1998) page 9.
  5. 20 November 1959.