Sukhumi

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Globe icon.svgSukhumi
Аҟәа (ab)
სოხუმი (ka)
Gerb Sukhum.png
Sokhumi Collage.jpg

Wuri
Abkhazia detail map.png Map
 43°00′12″N 41°00′55″E / 43.0033°N 41.0153°E / 43.0033; 41.0153
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaGeorgia
Autonomous republic (en) FassaraAutonomous Republic of Abkhazia (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 64,441 (2015)
• Yawan mutane 2,386.7 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Abkhaz (en) Fassara
Rashanci
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 27 km²
Altitude (en) Fassara 20 m
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 384900 da 6600
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo sukhumcity.ru

Sukhumi ( Russian: Суху́м(и) , Sukhum(i) [sʊˈxum(ʲɪ)] ) ko Sokhumi ( Georgian , [so̞xumi] ( </img> ), wanda kuma aka sani da sunan Abkhaz Aqwa ( Abkhazian , Aqwa ), birni ne da ke bakin teku mai faɗi a gabar Tekun Bahar Maliya ta gabas. Babban birni ne kuma birni mafi girma na Jamhuriyar Abkhazia, wanda ke iko da shi tun bayan yakin Abkhazia a 1992-93. Koyaya, Abkhazia na duniya ana ɗaukarsa wani yanki ne na Georgia . Birnin, wanda yana da filin jirgin sama, tashar jiragen ruwa ne, babban tashar jirgin kasa da kuma wurin hutu saboda rairayin bakin teku masu, sanatoriums, wuraren ruwa-ruwa da yanayin yanayi. Har ila yau, memba ne na International Black Sea Club .

Za a iya gano tarihin Sukhumi zuwa karni na 6 BC, lokacin da Helenawa suka zaunar da shi, wadanda suka sanya masa suna Dioscurias. A wannan lokacin da kuma zamanin Romawa na gaba, yawancin birnin ya ɓace a ƙarƙashin Tekun Bahar Rum. An kira birnin Tskhumi lokacin da ya zama wani yanki na Masarautar Abkhazia sannan kuma Masarautar Jojiya. Sarakunan yankin sun fafata da ta, ta zama wani bangare na Daular Usmaniyya a shekarun 1570, inda ta kasance har zuwa lokacin da Daular Rasha ta mamaye ta a shekara ta 1810. Bayan wani lokaci na rikici a lokacin yakin basasar Rasha, ta zama wani bangare na Georgia mai cin gashin kanta, wanda ya zama wani ɓangare na Georgia mai cin gashin kanta. ya haɗa da Abkhazia, a cikin 1918.[1] A shekara ta 1921, sojojin Soviet Bolshevik daga Rasha suka mamaye Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Jojiya. A cikin Tarayyar Soviet, an dauke shi a matsayin wurin hutu. Yayin da Tarayyar Soviet ta wargaje a farkon shekarun 1990, birnin ya yi barna sosai a lokacin rikicin Abkhaz-Georgiya. Yawan jama'a na 60,000 a yau shine rabin mutanen da ke zaune a wurin a ƙarshen mulkin Soviet.

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