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Takalmin makka

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Takalmin makka
Conservation status

Data Deficient (en) Fassara  (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
KingdomPlantae
OrderCaryophyllales (en) Caryophyllales
DangiCactaceae (en) Cactaceae
TribeOpuntieae (en) Opuntieae
GenusOpuntia (en) Opuntia
jinsi Opuntia ficus-indica
Mill., 1768
General information
Tsatso prickly pear (en) Fassara da prickly pear seed oil (en) Fassara

Takalmin makka, (tààkàlmín mákkà) (Opuntia ficus-indica) shuka ne.[1] Opuntia ficus-indica, ɓangarorin ɓangarorin Indiya, fig opuntia, ko prickly pear, wani nau'in cactus ne wanda ya daɗe da zama shukar amfanin gona na cikin gida da ake girma a cikin tattalin arzikin noma a ko'ina cikin ƙasƙantattu da sassan duniya. [2] O. ficus-indica shine mafi yaduwa kuma mafi mahimmancin kaktus na kasuwanci. [3] [2] Ana girma da farko azaman amfanin gona na 'ya'yan itace, har ma don nopales kayan lambu da sauran amfani. Cacti sune albarkatun gona masu kyau don wuraren bushewa saboda suna canza ruwa da kyau cikin yanayin halitta . O. ficus-indica, kamar yadda ya fi yaduwa na cactus na gida mai dadewa, yana da mahimmancin tattalin arziki kamar masara da blue agave a Mexico . Jinsunan Opuntia suna haɓaka cikin sauƙi, amma asalin daji na O. ficus-indica wataƙila ya kasance a tsakiyar Mexico, inda aka sami dangin danginsa na kusa.[4].

Sunaye[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

awancin nassoshi na dafa abinci game da "pear prickly" suna nufin wannan nau'in. Ana amfani da sunan Tuna na Mutanen Espanya don 'ya'yan wannan cactus da kuma Opuntia gaba ɗaya; a cewar Alexander von Humboldt, kalma ce ta asalin Taino da aka ɗauka cikin harshen Sipaniya a kusa da 1500. [5] Sunayen Ingilishi gama gari don shuka da 'ya'yan itacen ɓauren ɓangarorin Indiya, Barbary fig, cactus pear, pear prickly, da cactus maras kashin baya, da sauransu da yawa. [6] A cikin Mutanen Espanya na Mexica, ana kiran shuka nopal, sunan da za a iya amfani da shi a cikin Ingilishi na Amurka azaman sharuɗɗan abinci. Mutanen Espanya na Peninsular galibi suna amfani da higo chumbo don 'ya'yan itace da chumbera don shuka.[7]

Hotuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Blench, Roger (2007). Hausa names for trees and plants. Cambridge: Kay Williamson Educational Foundation.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Opuntia ficus-indica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 15 December 2017
  3. "Opuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)". CABI. 27 September 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2018
  4. Griffith, M. P. (2004). "The Origins of an Important Cactus Crop, Opuntia ficus-indica (Cactaceae): New Molecular Evidence". American Journal of Botany. 91 (11): 1915–1921. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1915. PMID 21652337. S2CID 10454390
  5. Baron F. H. A. von Humboldt's personal narrative of travels to the equinoctial regions of America tr. 1852 by Ross, Thomasina: "The following are Haytian words, in their real form, which have passed into the Castilian language since the end of the 15th century.
  6. Vázquez Ruiz, José (30 December 1957). "Etimología de chumbera y chumbo". Revista de Filología Española. 41 (1/4): 410–417. doi:10.3989/rfe.1957.v41.i1/4.1055
  7. Miller, =L. "Opuntia ficus-indica". Ecocrop, FAO. Retrieved 14 November 2015